Short Communication. Restoring monoculture plantation using stand spatial structure analysis

G. Gao, G. Ding, H. Wang, Y. Zang, W. Liang, Y. An, Y. He

Abstract


Aim of study. To improve the quality of monoculture plantations in China.

Area of study. structure-based forest management was conducted in Rocky Mountain Area of Northern China.

Material and Methods. Stand spatial structure indicators of mingling degree, uniform angle index, neighborhood comparison and opening degree were comparably investigated to understand the changes of Pinus tabulaeformis plantations.

Main results. The results indicated that structure-based forest management accounted for 0.403 and 0.448 of the significant variations in mingling degree and opening degree increments, and had no essential changes in uniform angle index and neighborhood comparison. Structure-based forest management is greatly beneficial to plantation quality, and it can be a source of improvement on stand structure.

Research highlights. This improved information is essential to provide a firm basis for future policy-making on how best to restore degraded forests in China as well as the rest of the world.

Key words: monoculture plantation; structure-based forest management; stand spatial structure; forest restoration


Full Text:

PDF

References


Aguirre O, Hui GY, Gadow K, Jiménez J, 2003. An analysis of spatial forest structure using neighbourhood- based variables. Forest Ecol Manage 183: 137-145. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(03)00102-6

Deng SQ, Yan JF, Guan QW, 2010. Spatial structure of scenic forest of Phoebe sheareri in Baohuashan, Jiangsu province. J Ne Forest Univ 38, 29-32.

Gao GL, Ding GD, Wang HY, Zang YT, Liang WJ, 2011. China needs forest management rather than reforestation for carbon sequestration. Environ Sci & Technol 45: 10292-10293. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es203897f PMid:22087640

Guo H, Wang B, Ma XQ, Zhao GD, Li SN, 2008. Estimation of ecosystem services of Chinese pine forests in China. Sci China Ser C 51: 662-670. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11427-008-0083-z PMid:18622750

Hui GY, Hu YB, Xu H, 2007. Structure-based forest management. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing, China. 188 pp.

Li WH, 2004. Degradation and restoration of forest ecosystems in China. Forest Ecol Manage 201: 33-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2004.06.010

Oliver PA, Lucas-Borja ME, Pérez DC, 2011. Changes in the structure and composition of two Pinus nigra subsp. Salzmannii forests over a century of different silvicultural treatments. Forest Syst 20: 525-535.

Osorio LF, Bravo F, Zaldívar P, Pando V, 2009. Forest structure and plant diversity in maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) stands in central Spain. Forest Syst 18: 314-321.

Pommerening A, 2002. Approaches to quantifying forest structures. Forestry 75: 305-324. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/forestry/75.3.305

Pommerening A, 2006. Evaluating structural indices by reversing forest structural analysis. Forest Ecol Manage 224: 266-277. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2005.12.039

Wang G, Innes JL, Wu SW, Dai S, 2008. Towards a new paradigm: the development of China's forestry in the 21st century. Int Forest Rev 10: 619-631. http://dx.doi.org/10.1505/ifor.10.4.619

Xu J T, Yin RS, Zhou L, Liu C, 2006. China's ecological rehabilitation: unprecedented efforts, dramatic impacts, and requisite policies. Ecol Econ 57: 595-607. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.05.008




DOI: 10.5424/fs/2013221-03294

Webpage: www.inia.es/Forestsystems