Global Malmquist indices of productivity change in Egyptian wheat production

Yahia H. Elasraag, Silverio Alarcón


This study aims to measure the total factor productivity of the main governorates of wheat production in Egypt during the time period 1990-2012 and decompose it into technical change, efficiency change and scale change. We used Global Malmquist TFP index as a non-parametric approach. The results indicated that the contribution of technical change component is more important than the efficiency change component. In fact technical change rose, 25.7%, while efficiency change presented a little decline, 3.7%. The decomposition of efficiency change indicated that the main problem of wheat production in Egypt was scale efficiency that worsened by 5.5%.


total factor productivity; data envelopment analysis; Egypt

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DOI: 10.5424/sjar/2017152-10548