Reproduction, longevity and life table parameters of Monosteira unicostata (Hemiptera: Tingidae) at constant temperatures

Ismael Sánchez-Ramos, Susana Pascual, Cristina E. Fernández, Manuel González-Núñez


Information on the effect of temperature on biological parameters of phytophagous insects is one of the tools in IPM programs, as it allows prediction of risk situations in the field. This work reports the effect of temperature on reproductive parameters and longevity of one of the most important current pests of almond orchards in the Mediterranean basin, the poplar lace bug, Monosteira unicostata (Mulsant & Rey) (Hemiptera: Tingidae). The temperatures tested were 22, 25, 28, 31, 34 and 37ºC, always at 60 ± 10% relative humidity and under a L16:D8 photoperiod. Extreme temperatures had an adverse effect on preoviposition period, total fecundity and daily fecundity while increasing values of oviposition period and adults longevity were registered for decreasing temperatures. Male longevity was higher than female longevity, and mortality pattern differed between sexes for all temperatures but 37ºC. The nonlinear Lactin model described accurately the effect of temperature on the intrinsic rate of natural increase of M. unicostata populations and predicted the optimum temperature for population increase at 34.1ºC, at which the population doubling time is 3.6 days. Produced values of lower and upper thresholds for M. unicostata populations were 14.8 and 38.8ºC, respectively. This characterizes the poplar lace bug as a very important pest in the Mediterranean basin, with an increasing potential risk in a global warming scenario.


poplar lace bug; reproductive performance; adult survival; intrinsic rate of natural increase; thermal threshold

Full Text:



Aysal T, Kivan M, 2008. Development and population growth of Stephanitis pyri (F.) (Heteroptera: Tingidae) at five temperatures. J Pest Sci 81: 135-141.

Birch LC, 1948. The intrinsic rate of natural increase of an insect population. J Anim Ecol 17: 15-26.

Braman SK, Pendley AF, 1993. Temperature, photoperiod, and aggregation effects on development, diapause, reproduction, and survival in Corythucha cydoniae (Heteroptera: Tingidae). J Entomol Sci 28: 417-426.

Bremond P, 1938. Le faux-tigre des arbres fruitiers (Monostira unicostata Muls.) au Maroc. Rev Pathol Vég Entomol Agric Fr 25: 294-307.

Carayon J, 1989. Parthénogénèse constante prouvée chez deux Hétéroptères: le miride Campyloneura virgula et l'anthocoride Calliodis maculipennis. Ann Soc Entomol Fr 25: 387-391.

Cividanes FJ, Fonseca FS, Galli JC, 2004. Biologia de Leptopharsa heveae Drake & Poor (Heteroptera: Tingidae) e a relação de suas exigências térmicas com a flutuação populacional em seringueira. Neotrop Entomol 33: 685-691.

Da Silva CAD, 2004. Efeitos da temperatura no desenvolvimento, fecundidade e longevidade de Gargaphia torresi Lima (Hemiptera, Tingidae). Rev Bras Entomol 48 (4): 547-552.

García Marí F., Ferragut F, 2002. Las plagas agrícolas. MV Phytoma-España SL, Valencia, Spain. 400 pp.

Glime JM, 2015. Aquatic Insects: Hemimetabola - Hemiptera. In: Bryophyte Ecology, Vol, 2. Bryological Interaction; Glime JM (ed.). Chapter 11-7. Ebook sponsored by Michigan Technol Univ and the Int Assoc of Bryologists.

Gómez-Menor J, 1950. La chincheta del almendro (Monostira unicostata Mulsant). Bol Patol Veg Entomol Agríc 17: 97-110.

Horn KF, Wright CG, Farrier MH, 1980. Bionomics of Corythucha associata Osborn and Drake. J Georgia Entomol Soc 15 (3): 317-327.

Ju RT, Wang F, Li B, 2011. Effects of temperature on the development and population growth of the sycamore lace bug, Corythucha ciliata. J Insect Sci 11: 16.

Kim GH, Choi MH, Kim JW, 1999. Effects of temperatures on development and reproduction of the sycamore lace bug, Corythucha ciliata (Hemiptera, Tingidae). Kor J Appl Entomol 38: 117-121. [In Korean: English abstract].

Lactin DJ, Holliday NJ, Johnson DL, Craigen R, 1995. Improved rate model of temperature-dependent development by arthropods. Environ Entomol 24: 68-75.

Laughlin R, 1965. Capacity for increase: A useful population statistic. J Anim Ecol 34: 77-91.

Liotta G, Maniglia G, 1994. Variations in infestations of the almond tree in Sicily in the last fifty years. Acta Hortic 373: 277-285.

Maniglia G, 1983. Osservazioni biologiche sulla Monosteira unicostata Muls. et Rey (Rhynchota-Tingidae) in Sicilia. Phytophaga 1: 27-40.

Marcotegui A, Sánchez-Ramos I, Pascual S, Fernández CE, Cobos G, Armendáriz I, Cobo A, González-Núñez M, 2015. Kaolin and potassium soap with thyme essential oil to control Monosteira unicostata and other phytophagous arthropods of almond trees in organic orchards. J Pest Sci 88: 753-765.

Martínez RLMC, Naranjo JD, 2010. A pretest for choosing between logrank and wilcoxon tests in the two-sample problem. Metron 68: 111-125.

Meyer JS, Ingersoll CG, McDonall LL, Boyce MS, 1986. Estimating uncertainty in population growth rates: Jacknife vs. Bootstrap techniques. Ecology 67: 1156-1166.

Moleas T, 1987. Etologia, ecologia e controllo della Monosteira unicostata Muls. et Rey sul mandorlo in Puglia. Difesa Piante 10: 469-483.

Moutous G, Fos A, 1973. Essais de rhizogénèse chez la feuille de Vigne isolée. Rev Zool Agr Pathol Premier trimester: 27-32.

Neal Jr JW, Douglass LW, 1988. Development, oviposition rate, longevity, and voltinism of Stephanitis pyrioides (Heteroptera: Tingidae), an adventive pest of azalea, at three temperatures. Environ Entomol 17: 827-831.

Neal Jr JW, Douglass LW, 1990. Seasonal dynamics and the effect of temperature in Corythucha cydoniae (Heteroptera: Tingidae). Environ Entomol 19: 1299-1304.

Neal JW, Schaefer CW, 2000. Lace Bugs (Tingidae). In: Heteroptera of economic importance; Schaefer CW, Panizzi AR (eds.). pp: 85-138. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.

Pecora P, Rizza A, Stazi M, 1992. Biology and host specificity of Oncochila simplex (Hem.: Tingidae), a candidate for the biological control of leafy spurge Euphorbia esula L. "complex". Entomophaga 37 (1): 79-89.

Pereira JA, Pereira S, Armendáriz I, Bento A, 2008. Ciclo biológico e estragos associados a monosteira, Monosteira unicostata (Mulsant & Rey, 1852), em amendoeira, no Planalto Mirandês. Actas do I Congresso Nacional de Produção Integrada e VIII Encontro Nacional de Protecção Integrada. Moura MLRM (ed.). Escola Superior Agrária de Ponte de Lima, Ponte de Lima (Portugal), Nov 20-21. pp: 225-231.

Péricart J, 1983. Faune de France. 69. Hémiptères Tingidae Euro-méditerranéens, Fédération Française des Société de Sciences Naturelles, Paris. 618 pp.

Pinder III JE, Wiener JG, Smith MH, 1978. The Weibull distribution: a new method of sumarizing survivorship data. Ecology 59: 175-179.

Régnière J, Powell J, Bentz B, Nealis V, 2012. Effects of temperature on development, survival and reproduction of insects: Experimental design, data analysis and modeling. J Insect Physiol 58: 634-647.

Régnière J, Powell JA, 2013. Animal life cycle models (Poikilotherms). In: Phenology: An integrative environmental science; Schwarz MD (ed.). pp: 295-315. Springer.

Richter O, Söndgerath D, 1990. Parameter estimation in ecology: The link between data and models, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim, Germany. 218 pp.

Rogers CE, 1977. Laboratory biology of a lace bug on sunflower. Ann Entomol Soc Am 70: 144-145.

Sánchez-Ramos I, Pascual S, Fernández CE, Marcotegui A, González-Núñez M, 2015. Effect of temperature on the survival and development of the immature stages of Monosteira unicostata (Hemiptera: Tingidae). Eur J Entomol 112: 664-675.

Scudder G, 2012. Monosteira unicostata (Mulsant & Rey) (Hemiptera: Tingidae) established in North America, with a key to the genera of Tingidae in Canada. Entomol Am 118: 295-297.

Silverman J, Goeden RD, 1979. Life history of the lacebug, Corythucha morrilli Osborn and Drake, on the ragweed, Ambrosia dumosa (Gray) Payne, in Southern California (Hemipetra-Heteroptera: Tingidae). Pan-Pac Entomol 55 (4): 305-308.

StatPoint Technologies, 2009. Statgraphics® Centurion XVI User Manual, Statpoint Technologies, Warrenton, VA, USA. 297 pp.

Stone JD, Watterson GP, 1985. Effects of temperature on the survival and development of the morrill lace bug (Heteroptera: Tingidae) on guayule. Environ Entomol 14: 329-331.

SYSTAT, 2002. TableCurve 2D 5.01 for Windows User's Manual, SYSTAT Software Inc, Richmond, CA, USA.

Taberner A, Castañera P, Silvestre E, Dopazo J, 1993. Estimation of the intrinsic rate of natural increase and its error by both algebraic and resampling approaches. Compu Appl Biosci 9: 535-540.

Talhouk AS, 1977. Contribution to the knowledge of almond pests in East Mediterranean countries. VI. The sap-sucking pests. Z Angew Entomol 83: 248-257.

Tsukada M, 1994. The effect of temperature on the development and longevity of the andromeda lace bug, Stephanitis takeyai (Heteroptera: Tingidae) on its two main host plants, Pieris japonica and Lyonia elliptica. Appl Entomol Zool 29: 571-576.

USDA, 2017. Tree nuts: World markets and trade. United States Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service. 4 pp.

Van Schoonhoven A, Burbano F, Arenas R, 1975. Notes on the biology of the lace bug Gargaphia sanchezi (Hemiptera, Tingidae) a pest of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). Turrialba 25: 237.

Vessia R, 1961. Studio morfo-biologico della Monosteira unicostata Muls. et Rey (Hemiptera - Heteroptera - Tingidae) e difesa del mandorlo. Ann Sper Agrar n.s. suppl. 15: 1-48.

Vidal JP, 1939. Le faux tigre du poirier (Monosteira unicostata Mls. Hem. Heter.). Bull Soc Hist Nat Afr N 30: 329-336.

Vogt TE, McPherson JE, 1986. Life history and laboratory rearing of Corythuca juglandis (Hemiptera: Tingidae) with descriptions of immature stages. Great Lakes Entomol 19: 221-233.

DOI: 10.5424/sjar/2017154-11442