Multi-criteria decision-making model in the strategic planning of table egg production in the Republic of Croatia

Ana Crnčan, Zoran Škrtić, Jelena Kristić, Igor Kralik, David Kranjac, Lari Hadelan

Abstract


Until 2012, egg production in Croatia was mostly in cages, which was not in accordance with the European Union standards on the welfare of laying hens. Therefore, producers of table eggs could not continue their current practice and had to use those systems permitted in the EU member countries, such as organic, free-range, indoor or enriched cages. The aim of this study was to analyse and evaluate various systems of table-egg production using a method of multi-criteria analysis called the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). Thus, the aim was to determine scientifically which production system was the favoured option for the Croatian poultry sector. According to the results, production of eggs using an indoor system for housing hens was the best option (priority 0.317). This was followed by a free-range system (priority 0.242). The third-ranked alternative egg production system was in cages (priority 0.237), while the fourth and the least acceptable alternative refers to egg production according to organic principles (priority 0.202). Based on the results of the multi-criteria analysis and respecting the worldwide trends that reflect changes in consumers’ habits and their concerns for food safety and quality, as well as their preference for local markets and local products, it is recommended that eggs be produced in an indoor system of keeping laying hens. In this sense, egg production on small farms provides the possibility of self-employment and creation of additional income to contribute towards overall economic and social development of rural areas.

Keywords


egg production system; Analytic Hierarchy Process; indoor system of keeping hens

Full Text:

PDF HTML XML

References


Agra CEAS Consulting, 2004. Study on the socioeconomic implications of the various systems to keep laying hens. Final Report for the European Commission. SANCO/2003/SPC 2003258.

Andalecio NM, 2010. Multi-criteria models for management of tropical coastal fisheries. A review. Agron Sustain Dev 30 (3): 557-580. https://doi.org/10.1051/agro/2009051

Baba Y, Kallas Z, Realini C, 2017. Application of the analytical hierarchy process to evaluate consumer acceptance and preferences for omega-3 enriched eggs. Brit Food J 119 (7): 1459-1472. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-06-2016-0261

Begičević N, Divjak B, Hunjak T, 2009. Comparison between AHP and ANP: Case study of strategic planning of e-learning implementation. Int J Anal Hierarch Proc 1 (1): 31-44.

CIWF, 2013. Statistics: Laying hens. Compassion in World Farming. https://www.ciwf.org.uk/media/5235021/Statistics-Laying-hens.pdf

Crnčan A, Kristić J, Ranogajec LJ, 2013. Multiple criteria decision making for setting priorities of investments into the table egg production. World Poult Sci 16: 903-916. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933913000901

Deže J, Lončarić R, Ranogajec LJ, 2008. Planiranje tržišta za ekološke proizvode u istočnoj Hrvatskoj. Zbornik sažetaka 43. hrvatskog i 3. međunarodnog simpozija agronoma. Opatija (Croatia), Feb 18-21; 58.

EC, 1999. Council Directive 1999/74/EC, European Commission. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dir/1999/74/oj [02.10.2015].

Elson A, 2008. Do extensive poultry systems really offer superior welfare? Poult Int 3: 10-14.

Fisher C, Bowles D, 2002. Hardboiled reality: animal welfare-friendly egg production in a global market, 2001-2012: A dozen years crucial to agriculture and trade reform. Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and Eurogroup, UK.

Hadelan L, 2010. Višekriterijsko odlučivanje u poredbenoj analizi u proizvodnje kupina. Doktorska disertacija. Agronomski fakultet, Zagreb.

Herrero M, Fawcett RH, Dent JB, 1999. Bioeconomic evaluation of dairy farm management scenarios using integrated simulation and multiple-criteria models. Agr Syst 62: 169-188. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-521X(99)00063-3

Hidalgo A, Rossi M, Clerici F, Ratti S, 2008. A market study on the quality characteristics of eggs from different housing systems. Food Chem 106: 1031-1038. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.07.019

Horne PLM Van, Bondt N, 2017. Competitiveness of the EU egg sector, base year 2015: International comparison of production costs. Wageningen Economic Research Report 2017-062, 42 pp.

Kay RD, Edwards WM, Duffy PA, 2007. Farm management, 6th ed. McGraw-Hill, NY. 320 pp.

Kralik G, Janječić Z, Kralik Z, Škrtić Z, 2013. Stanje u peradarstvu i trendovi njegova razvoja. Poljoprivreda 19 (2): 49-58.

Lampkin N, 1997. Organic poultry production. Welsh Institute of Rural Husbandry, Aberystwyth.

Lansink AO, Jensma K, 2003. Analysing profits and economic behaviour of organic and conventional Dutch arable farms. Agr Econ Rev 4 (2): 19-31.

Lončarić R, Deže J, Ranogajec Lj, 2009. Consumers' attitudes analysis regarding organic food in Eastern Croatia, aspects and visions of applied economics and informatics. Debrecen (Hungary), pp: 411-416.

Maksimović B, Zirn K, Ljuboja B, Alberković D, Visković M., Kralik Z, Kralik G, 2013. Usporedba kvalitete konzumnih jaja podrijetlom iz različitih sustava držanja nesilica. http://sa.agr.hr/pdf/2014/sa2014_p0715.pdf

Ministry of Agriculture, 2014. Upisnik kokoši nesilica, Republic of Croatia. http://veterinarstvo.hr/default.aspx?id=167 [02.10.2015].

Pascoe S, Bustamante R, Wilcox C, Gibbs M, 2009. Spatial fisheries management: A framework for multi-objective qualitative assessment. Ocean Coast Manage 52: 130-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2008.10.009

Pažek K, Rozman Č, 2007a. The simulation model for cost-benefit analysis on organic farms. Agronomski Glasnik 69 (3): 209-222.

Pažek K, Rozman Č, 2007b. The decision support system for supplementary activities on organic farms. Poljoprivreda 5 (1): 15-20.

Pickett H, 2007. Alternatives to the barren battery cage for the housing of laying hens in the European Union. Compassion in World Farming, pp: 1-40.

Saaty TL, 1977. A scaling method for priorities in hierarchical structures. J Math Psychol 15 (3): 234-281. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2496(77)90033-5

Srđević B, 2003. Metodi i rešenja višekriterijumske analize u poljoprivredi. Agroekonomika 32: 307-312.

Tiwari DN, Loof R, Paudyal GN, 1999. Environmental-economic decision-making in lowland irrgated agriculture using multi-criteria analysis techniques. Agr Syst 60: 99-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-521X(99)00021-9

Tolušić Z, 2011. Tržište i distribucija poljoprivredno-prehrambenih proizvoda. II dopunjeno i izmijenjeno izdanje. Poljoprivredni fakultet u Osijeku. Sveučilište J. J. Strossmayera u Osijeku.

Triantaphyllou E, Mann SH, 1995. Using the analytic hierarchy process for decision making in engineering applications: some challenges. Int J Ind Eng: Theor Appl Pract 2 (1): 35-44.

Van Horn BN, 2003. Impact of EU Council Directive 99/74/EC 'welfare of laying hens' on the competitiveness of the EU egg industry. Agricultural Economics Research Institute (LEI), The Hague. pp: 17-44.

Vera-Montenegro L, Baviera-Puig A, Garcia-Alvarez-Coque JM, 2014. AHP choice in cocoa post-harvest technology for small-scale farmers. Span J Agric Res 12 (3): 542-552. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2014123-5467




DOI: 10.5424/sjar/2018162-11913