Annual biomass production of two acridids (Orthoptera: Acrididae) as alternative food for poultry

M. Das, A. Ganguly, P. Haldar

Abstract


Acridids could be an alternative nonconventional protein source for livestock industries like poultry farms. For a high acridid biomass production, selection of acridid species along with their suitable food plants is essential. The present experiment was conducted by rearing of two common Indian acridids, Oxya hyla and Spathosternum prasiniferum, to estimate which one could produce higher annual biomass when fed on three food plants, Dactyloctenium aegyptium, Brachiaria mutica and Cynodon dactylon, to determine the most favourable food plant. Fecundity, fertility, nymphal mortality and sex ratio of both acridid species fed with three different plants were estimated for the annual biomass production in terms of number. Annual biomass production in terms of wet weight, dry weight and energy content were also estimated. Among the two acridid species, O. hyla showed higher values for fecundity, fertility and both wet and dry body weight; and lower values for nymphal mortality in all the three food plant fed sets. Among the three food plants, B. mutica was found to be the most suitable for annual biomass production of both acridids. It was concluded that mass rearing of O. hyla fed on B. mutica could yield a high annual biomass in acridid farms.

Keywords


acridid farm; Brachiaria mutica; fecundity; mass rearing; Oxya hyla

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References


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DOI: 10.5424/sjar/2012103-222-11