Effect of feeding systems on live-weight, reproductive performance, milk yield and composition, and the growth of lambs in native Spanish Ojalada sheep

J. A. Miguel-Romera, J. L. Calvo-Ruiz, J. Ciria-Ciria, B. Asenjo-Martin

Abstract


To produce lambs of the Ojalada breed, included within the Protected Geographical Indication “Lechazo de Castilla y Leon”, three feeding systems were compared (40 ewes/treatment): a) IND +CH+ C, ewes kept indoors and fed chopped straw plus concentrate, prepared on location and distributed mechanically (total mixed ration; TMR); b) IND + W+C, ewes kept indoors and fed whole straw in the form of large bales, plus concentrate (TMR); and c) GR + C, free-range grazing plus concentrate (control group). Live-weight, reproductive endpoints, milk production and composition (10 sheep from single lambing/treatment), and growth of lambs up to 35 days were assessed. Live-weight of ewes from the IND + CH + C group were similar to those in the GR + C group (p > 0.05). Treatments did not differ for fertility or prolificacy, except for fecundity in the IND +W+ C group compared to values for the IND + CH+ C and GR + C groups. The quantity of milk produced through 35 days did not differ (~1,300 mL d–1), with peak production in all three groups in the third week of lactation (~1,500 mL d–1). Milk chemical composition generally did not differ among treatments; only ewes in the IND +CH+C group presented greater protein content in the third week of lactation. Although treatments did not differ in live-weight at birth to 35 days, IND + CH+ C lambs differed in average daily gains, reaching 9 kg of live-weight (minimum weight for slaughter) at ages younger than the other groups whether from simple or double lambing. We can conclude that this type of production, keeping sheep closed and fed a TMR, is possible.

Keywords


barley straw; ewe; grazing; local breed

Full Text:

PDF

References


Álvarez-Rodríguez J., Sanz A., Delfa R., Revilla R., Joy M., 2007. Performance and grazing behaviour of Churra Tensina sheep stocked under different management systems during lactation on Spanish mountain pastures. Livest Sci 107, 152-161. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2006.09.011

Ampueda J., Combellas J., 2000. Estimación de la producción de leche en ovejas West African. Producción Latina XXV, 533-535. [In Spanish].

Appedu L.A., Ely D.G., Aaron D.K., Deweese W.P., Fink E., 2004. Effects of supplementing with calcium salts of palm oil fatty acids or hydrogenated tallow on ewe milk production and twin lamb growth. J Anim Sci 82, 2780-2789.

AOAC, 1999. Official methods of analysis, 16th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists International, Maryland, USA.

Bencini R., Purvis I.W., 1990. The yield and composition of milk from Merino sheep. Proc Australian Society of Animal Production, 18. Adelaide, Australia, Jul 8-12. pp. 87-90.

Bencini R., Hartmann P.E., Lightfoot R.J., 1992. Comparative dairy potencial of Awassi ⋅ Merino ewes. Australian Association of Animal Breeding and Genetics 10, 114-117.

Boujenane I., 2002. Development of the DS synthetic breed of sheep in Morocco: ewe reproduction and lamb preweaning growth and survival. Small Rumin Res 45,61-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-4488(02)00115-3

Calvo J.L., Asenjo M., Miguel J.A., Ciria J., 2006. Influencia del número de corderos amamantados en la producción de leche de ovejas de raza Ojalada. Actas de las XXXI Jornadas Científicas de la SEOC, Zamora, España. Sept 20-22. pp. 184-186. [In Spanish].

Casals R., Caja G., Pol M.V., Such X., Albanell E., Gargoui A., Casellas J., 2006. Response of lactating dairy ewes to various levels of dietary calcium soaps of fatty acids. Anim Feed Sci Technol 131, 312-332. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2006.06.014

Casasús I., Bernués A., Sanz A., Villalba D., Riedl J.L., Revilla R., 2007. Vegetation dynamics in Mediterranean forest pastures as affected by beef cattle grazing. Agric Ecosyst Environ 121, 365-370. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2006.11.012

Castro T., Manso T., Jimeno V., Del Amo M., Mantecón A.R., 2009. Effects of dietary sources of vegetable fats on performance of dairy ewes and conjugated linolenic acid (CLA) in milk. Small Rumin Res 84, 47-53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2009.05.005

Ciria J., Calvo J.L., Sanz E., Asenjo B., Sanz J.A., 1997. Coste de alimentación del ovino de carne con pienso único ad libitum. Actas de las XXII Jornadas Científicas de la SEOC, Tenerife, España, oct 6-8. pp. 51-56. [In Spanish].

Chilliard Y., Ferlay A., Mansbridge R.M., Doreau M., 2000. Ruminant milk fat plasticity: nutritional control of saturated, polyunsaturated, trans conjugated fatty acids. Ann Zootech 49, 151-205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/animres:2000117

Díez P., Giráldez F.J., Lavín P., Mantecón A.R., 1993. Rendimientos reproductivos en ovejas de raza Churra en condiciones prácticas de explotación. ITEA 12(II), 459-461. [In Spanish].

Doney J.M., Pert J.N., Smith W.F., 1981a. The effect of interaction of ewe and lamb genotype on milk production of ewes and on growth of lambs to weaning. Anim Prod 33, 137-142. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003356100040563

Doney J.M., Pert J.N., Smith W.F., Louda F., 1981b. A consideration of the techniques for estimation of milk yield by suckled sheep and a comparison of estimates obtained by two methods in relation to the effect of reed, level of production and stage of lactation. J Agric Sci 92, 123-132. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600060573

González L.A., Correa L.B., Ferret A., Manteca X., Ruiz De La Torre J.L., Calsamiglia S., 2009. Intake, water consumption, ruminal fermentation, and stress response of beef heifers fed after different lengths of delays in the dairy feed delivery time. J Anim Sci 87, 2709-2718. http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/jas.2008-1709 PMid:19359507

Gutiérrez J., 2006. Factores que influyen en el crecimiento y calidad de la canal de los lechazos de raza Churra. Feagas 29, 100-101. [In Spanish].

Hernández C., Sanz E., Oviedo G., Luna M., Surra J., 1997. Respuesta a dos niveles nutritivos, con dietas integrales en ovejas. I.–Crecimiento de los corderos (0-60 d). ITEA 18(I), 106-108. [In Spanish].

INRA, 2007. Alimentation des bovis, ovins et caprins. Besoins des animaux-valeurs des aliments. Éditions Quae, Versalles Cedex. [In French].

Jiménez M.R., Cadavez V., Rodrigues S., Delfa R., Teixeira A., Sañudo C., 2005. Efecto del sexo, tipo de nacimiento y edad de la madre en el crecimiento de corderos de la raza Chura Galega Bragança. Actas de las XXX Jornadas Científicas de la SEOC, Granada, España, Sept 28-30. pp. 369-371. [In Spanish].

Joy M., Revilla, R., Gracia S., Delfa R., 2006.Producción de leche y crecimiento de los corderos de ovejas de raza Churra-Tensina explotadas en primavera bajo dos condiciones de manejo. ITEA 102(4), 409-421. [In Spanish].

Joy M., Álvarez-Rodríguez J., Revilla R., Delfa R., Ripoll G., 2007. Ewes metabolic performance and lamb carcass traits in pasture and concentrate-based production systems in Churra Tensina breed. Small Rumin Res 75(1), 24-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2007.07.005

Keshavarz V., Amanlou H., Nikkhah A., Banadaky M.D., Mahjoobi E., Bonchenari M.K., 2010. Effects of different levels of effective fiber in close-up cows diets on intake and chewing activity and subsequent lacatation performance in Holstein dairy cows. J Anim Veterinary 9, 1785-1790. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/javaa.2010.1785.1790

López F., 2007. El aprovechamiento de los recursos pastables de la ganadería extensiva ovina. Actas del I Congreso nacional de Zootecnia. FEAGAS 32. Madrid, oct 25-26. pp. 24-25. [In Spanish].

López F., Estévez M.A., Picón F., 1998. Efecto de la suplementación preparto sobre la producción lechera de ovejas merinas en pastoreo. Actas de las XXIII Jornadas Científicas de la SEOC, Vitoria, España, oct 1-3. pp. 89-92. [In Spanish].

MAPA, 2003. Razas de las especies de ganado bovino, caprino, ovino y porcino de España. Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación, Madrid. pp. 1-66. [In Spanish].

Marin A.L.M., Hernández M.P., Alba L.P., Castro G.G., Sigler A.I.G., 2010. Fat in dairy ruminant diets and milk fat: a rewiev. Interciencia 10, 723-729.

Maulfair D.D., Zanto G.I., Fustini M., Heinrichs A.J., 2010. Effect of feed sorting on chewing behavior, production, and rumen fermentation in lactating dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 93, 4791-4803. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2010-3278 PMid:20855013

Mavrogenis A.P., 1996. Estimates of environmental and genetic endpoints influencing milk and growth traits of Awassi sheep in Cyprus. Small Rumin Res 20, 141-146. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0921-4488(95)00794-6

Miller-Cushon E.K., Devries T.J., 2011. Effect of early feed type exposure on diet selection behavior of dairy calves. J Dairy Sci 94, 342-350. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2010-3382 PMid:21183044

Morand-Fehr P., Sanz Sampelayo M.R., Fedel Y.V., Le Frileux Y., Eknaes M., Schmidely P.H., Giger S., Bas P., Rubino R., Havrevoll O., Sauvant D., 2000. Effect of feeding on the quality of goat milk and cheeses. Proc 7th Int Conf on Goats. Tours, France, May 14-21. Vol. I, pp. 53-58.

Oviedo G., Sanz E., Hernández C., Ciria J., Cubilo D., 1997. Respuesta a dos niveles nutritivos, con dietas integrales en ovejas. II.–Consumo voluntario, peso y condición corporal. ITEA 18(I), 109-111. [In Spanish].

Palmquist D.L., Beaulie A.D., Barbano D.M., 1993. Feed and animal factors influencing milk fat composition. J Dairy Sci 76, 1753-1771. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(93)77508-6

Pamela D., 2007. Aptitud quesera de la leche de oveja Guirra y efecto de la dieta sobre las características tecnológicas de la leche y el madurado del queso. Thesis doctoral. Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona. 297 pp. [In Spanish].

Pulina G., Nudda A., Battacone G., Cannas A., 2006. Effects of nutrition on the contents of fat, protein, somatic cells, aromatic compounds, and undesirable substances in the sheep milk. Anim Feed Sci Technol 131, 255-291. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2006.05.023

Rastogi R.K., 2001. Production performance of Barbados Blackbelly sheep in Tobago, West Indies. Small Rumin Res 41, 171-175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-4488(01)00199-7

Reynolds L.L., Brown D.L., 1991. Assessing dairy potencial of Westwern White-Faced ewes. J Anim Sci 69, 1354-1362. PMid:2071499

Rosa H.J.D., Ventura P.F.M., Sousa J.T., Moreira D., Borba A.E.S., Rego O.A., 2007. Productive and reproductive performance of Romney Marsh and Merino Branco sheep in the Azores under different feedingregimens. Small Rumin Res 67, 296-301. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2005.10.009

Sánchez L., Fernández B., López M., Sánchez B., 2000. Caracterización racial y orientaciones productivas de la raza ovina Gallega. Arch de Zootecnia, 49, 167-174. [In Spanish].

Sanz E., Oviedo G., Hernández C., Ciria J., Surra J., Luna M., Asenjo B., 1997. Respuesta de ovejas Merinas a dietas integrales únicas: I.–Consumo voluntario, peso y condición corporal. Actas de las XXII Jornadas Científicas de la SEOC, Tenerife, España, oct 6-8. pp. 41-45. [In Spanish].

Sanz Sampelayo M.R., Pérez L., Boza J., Amigo L., 1998. Forage of different physical forms in the diets of lactating Granadina goats: nutrient digestibility and milk production and composition. J Dairy Sci 81, 492-498. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(98)75601-2

Sanz Sampelayo M.R., Chilliard Y., Schmidely P., BOZA J., 2007. Influence of type of diet on the fat constituents of goat and sheep milk. Small Rumin Res 68, 42-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2006.09.017

Titi H.H., Obeidat B.S., 2008. Effects of Ca salt supplementation on milk yield and composition and on lamb growth rate of Awassi ewes. Livestock Sci 119, 154-160. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2008.03.013

Ugarte E., Legarra A., 2003. Scientific background of the selection program in the Latxa breed. Opt Mediterr Ser A 55, 91-98.

Van Soest P.J., Robertson J.B., Lewis B.A., 1991. Methods for dietary fibre, neutral detergent fibre and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J Dairy Sci 74, 3583-3597. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2

Velasco S., Cañeque V., Pérez C., Lauzurica S., Díaz M.T., Huidobro F., Manzanares C., González J., 2001. Fatty acid composition of adipose depots of suckling lambs raised under different production systems. Meat Sci 59, 325-333. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(01)00135-8

Zhao X.H., Zhang T., Xu M., Yao J.H., 2011. Effects of physically effective fiber on chewing activity, ruminal fermentation, and digestibility in goats. J Anim Sci 89, 201-209. http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/jas.2010-3013 PMid:20935139




DOI: 10.5424/sjar/20110903-465-10