Identification of quantitative trait loci (QTL) for plant structure, growth habit and yield in lentil

R. Fratini, Y. Durán, P. García, M. Pérez de la Vega

Abstract


Lentil quantitative trait loci (QTL) related to plant structure (branches at first node, height of first node, total number of branches, plant height), growth habit (flowering time, pod dehiscence) and yield (number of seeds, seed weight, seed diameter) were located using a F2 population of 113 individuals derived from the intersubspecific cross of Lens culinaris ssp. culinaris and L. c. ssp. orientalis. Several traits were found to be significantly correlated. Using interval and composite interval mapping a total of 23 QTL for nine quantitative traits were located. No QTL was identified for the number of F3 seed produced. Six QTL were positioned respectively in linkage groups III and VI, and five QTL in linkage group I. Each remaining group included one or two QTL, except groups VII and IX where no QTL was found. The multiple QTL model explained more than 80% of the observed phenotypic variance with logarithm of the odds (LOD) scores above 10 for three of the quantitative traits analyzed (branches at first node, flowering time, and dehiscence). For the remaining traits the phenotypic variance explained was relatively low, between the 50% and 20%, and the LOD scores ranged between 4 and 8. The possible homology between some QTL and other previously described is discussed in relation to their chromosomal location.

Keywords


LENS CULINARIS; QUANTITATIVE TRAIT LOCI; IDENTIFICATION; PLANT ANATOMY; PLANT DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES; CROP YIELD; INTERSPECIFIC HYBRIDIZATION; F2 HYBRIDS; GENETIC MARKERS; GENETIC MAPS; PLANT BREEDING

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DOI: 10.5424/sjar/2007053-255