Clinical mastitis in Spanish dairy cows: incidence and costs

M.A. Pérez-Cabal, S. Yaici, R. Alenda

Abstract


Clinical mastitis in Spanish dairy herds has been studied. Since April 2005 up to December 2006, in 25 Spanish herds 1,054 cases registered were available. Aims were to determine mastitis incidence and factors of risk, to analyze whether yield production has been affected, and to quantify mastitis costs along 2006. The 25% lactations were infected at least once with average recurrence of 1.64. Descriptive analysis showed that 29% of cases occurred within the first month after calving. Primiparous showed higher mastitis frequency at early and late lactation while in multiparous cases number was progressively decreasing since the first month. Multiparous were statistically more liable to mastitis than primiparous. Mastitis did not show effect on yield production. Mastitis costs included treatment products and discarded milk. Individual daily production at each case onset was estimated by using monthly official milking records. An average mastitis case cost was 73.93 Euros, cheaper in primiparous than in multiparous because of lower milk production. Average discarded milk represented 74% of total cost per case. Mastitis costs were 117 Euros per infected cow and lactation. Then, annual economic losses due to mastitis were 3,190 Euros per average herd, showing the concern of producers on selecting resistant animals as well as the importance of the implementation of systematic recording for clinical mastitis in Spanish dairy farms.

Keywords


DAIRY COWS; BOVINE MASTITIS; MORBIDITY; MILK YIELD; COSTS; ANIMAL BREEDING; DISEASE RESISTANCE; SPAIN

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DOI: 10.5424/sjar/2008064-354