Soil chemical properties and maize yield after application of organic and inorganic amendments to an acidic soil in Southwestern Nigeria

M.A. Busari, F.K. Salako, M.T. Adetunji

Abstract


A factorial experiment with a randomised complete block design (three replicates) was performed to determine the effects of poultry manure (PM), lime (L) and NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer on soil chemical properties, and to determine the effects of their combinations on soil productivity and maize yield. The factors were PM (0, 5 and 10 Mg/ha), L as CaCO3 (0 and 250 kg/ha) and NPK 15-15-15 (0 and 100 kg/ha). The soil had a loamy sand texture. The application of L and PM increased the surface soil pH in a similar fashion. In both years of the experiment, the effective cation exchange capacity (ECEC) of the soil after the combined application of 10 Mg/ha PM, L and NPK was significantly higher than after the individual application of L or NPK or their combination (5.75-7.65 cmol/kg compared to 3.36-4.57 cmol/kg). The application of 10 Mg/ha PM with L and/or NPK reduced the possibility of Mn toxicity, with soil levels ranging from 108 to 136 mg/kg. The combined use of the three amendments gave the highest leaf nutrient concentrations. The highest maize grain yield (4.62 Mg/ha) was obtained with L + 10 Mg/ha PM; with no amendment the grain yield was 1.9 Mg/ha. The application of PM enhanced the effects of L and NPK in improving soil productivity. However, separate applications of 5 and 10 Mg ha-1 PM similarly affected soil productivity; the sandy nature of the soil at depths of 0-20 cm seems to have prevented differences between the two rates from becoming manifested.

Keywords


ZEA MAYS; ACID SOILS; SOIL IMPROVEMENT; ORGANIC AMENDMENTS; INORGANIC AMENDMENTS; GUANO; LIMING MATERIALS; NPK FERTILIZERS; SOIL CHEMICOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES; SOIL FERTILITY; NIGERIA

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DOI: 10.5424/sjar/2008064-362