A comparison of controlled self-pollination and open pollination results based on maize grain quality

Hanna Sulewska, Jozef Adamczyk, Hennryk Cygert, Janusz Rogacki, Grazyna Szymanska, Karolina Smiatacz, Katarzyna Panasiewicz, Kamila Tomaszyk

Abstract


Maize (Zea mays L.) grain endosperm is triploid (3n), of which 2n come from the male (transferred by pollen) and only 1n from the female plant, thus a major impact of the male form can be expected on grain quality parameters. A good example of this relationship is the phenomenon of xenia. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of pollen on grain quality. The field experiment was conducted in 2011; seeds were harvested from eight cultivars: Bosman, Blask, Tur, Kozak, Bielik, Smok, SMH 220 and Kresowiak, derived from free pollination and controlled self-pollination of maize. Analyses of nutrient contents and starch content in the grain were conducted in the laboratory. In addition, 1000 grain weight and the hectoliter weight of all grain samples were recorded. The results confirmed differences in grain quality of maize hybrids obtained by self-pollination and by open pollination. Grain of maize plants obtained by open-pollination was characterised by higher contents of N-free extract and starch, and lower protein content. Undertaking further studies on this subject may indicate specific recommendations for agricultural practice, such as mixtures of hybrids with good combining abilities, which will contribute to improved grain quality without additional costs.


Keywords


chemical composition; hybrids; pollen; pollination

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References


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DOI: 10.5424/sjar/2014122-4970