Male sterility of triticale lines generated through recombination of triticale and rye maintainers

Tomasz Warzecha, Agnieszka Sutkowska, Halina Góral

Abstract


The Triticum timopheevi cytoplasmic male sterility (cms) system in triticale (xTriticosecale Wittmack) suffers from a low frequency of maintainers and environmental instability of the male sterility. On the other hand, the Pampa cms system in rye (Secale cereale) exhibits strong male sterility and a low frequency of restorers. Here, we report generating hybrids between maintainers of the T. timopheevi cms system in triticale and maintainers of the rye Pampa cms system. Ten hybrids were obtained. Their hybridity was verified by PCR (polymerase chain reaction) using ISSR (inter simple sequence repeats) primers. The cms maintaining ability of F2 individuals and their progeny was tested. The F2 plants were crossed to male sterile lines of triticale carrying the T. timopheevi cytoplasm. Among 180 G1 offspring of these crosses, 71 (39.4%) were completely male sterile. Fourteen F2 individuals (7.8%), as well as their F2S1 and progeny, generated stable male sterility in G1, G1BC1 and G1BC2 generations after the crosses. Our results suggest that it is possible to produce a more stable cms system in triticale based on the T. timopheevi cytoplasm as compared to the existing one.

Keywords


cms systems; cytoplasm; Ttriticum timopheevi; Pampa, ISSR

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DOI: 10.5424/sjar/2014124-6144