Effects of vibration on stone pine trees (Pinus pinea L.) on the vigor of the trees: crown density, growth shoots and parasites of weak trees

  • P. Martínez-Zurimendi Universidad de Valladolid. ETSIA
  • J. M. Álvarez Universidad de Valladolid. ETSIA
  • V. Pando Universidad de Valladolid
  • M. Domínguez Campus Tabasco.Tabasco
  • J. Gordo Campus Tabasco.Tabasco
  • L. Finat Junta de Castilla y León.Valladolid
  • R. Sierra-de-Grado Universidad de Valladolid. ETSIA
Keywords: PINUS PINEA, HARVESTING, MECHANICAL METHODS, TREE SHAKERS, VIGOUR, GROWTH, DEFOLIATION, PESTS OF PLANTS, PLANT PROTECTION

Abstract

In the Northwest of Spain the mechanized harvesting of pine cones is more and more frequenIn order to quantify the effects of vibration on the vigor of the trees, parcels of stone pine were planted in plateau and countryside. Both the mechanized and manual harvests were analyzed in adult and young trees. The growth of the tree shoots was measured. The presence and abundance of three insect plagues was analyzed in those same trees: Tomicus piniperda, Rhyacionia buoliana and Thaumetopoea pityocampa. The average shoot length of those trees manually harvested was superior to that of those mechanically harvested. The difference was very significant in young trees (40-50 years old) in the countryside and in adult trees (more than 80 years) on the plateau. Rhyacionia buoliana was more abundant in adult trees that young trees, but the relation of its abundance with the harvest method was not seen. The presence of Tomicus piniperda was rare and was only detected in mechanically harvested stands. Thaumetopoea pityocampa was more frequent in trees harvested by hand than those harvested mechanically and was more abundant in young stands. The percentage tree of defoliation was low in all stands independent of harvest method.

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Published
2009-04-01
How to Cite
Martínez-ZurimendiP., ÁlvarezJ. M., PandoV., DomínguezM., GordoJ., FinatL., & Sierra-de-GradoR. (2009). Effects of vibration on stone pine trees (Pinus pinea L.) on the vigor of the trees: crown density, growth shoots and parasites of weak trees. Forest Systems, 18(1), 50-63. https://doi.org/10.5424/fs/2009181-01050
Section
Research Articles