Replacing an oriental beech forest with a spruce plantation impacts nutrient concentrations in throughfall, stemflow, and O layer

  • Pedram Attarod Department of Forestry and Forest Economics, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran
  • Parisa Abbasian Department of Forestry and Forest Economics, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran
  • Thomas Grant-Pypker Department of Natural Resource Science, Faculty of Science, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, British Columbia
  • Mohammad Taghi Ahmadi Department of Forestry and Forest Economics, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran
  • Ghavamoddin Zahedi-Amiri Department of Forestry and Forest Economics, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran
  • Hamid Soofi-Mariv Department of Forestry and Forest Economics, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran
  • Vilma Bayramzadeh Department of Wood Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj


Aim of study: To measure the nutrient leaching from canopy and the O layer in a natural oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) forest and a Norway spruce (Picea abies) plantation.

Materials and methods: From mid-July to early November, 2013, we measured throughfall (TF) (n=45), stemflow (SF) (n=12) and leaching from the O layer (n = 30) in a 0.5 ha sample plot in the Caspian region, Mazandaran province in northern Iran.

Main results: Concentrations of PO43-, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+ and K+ in the throughfall and the O layer in both beech and spruce forests significantly increased relative to gross rainfall. Concentrations of Ca2+ and Na+ in TF and SF were significantly higher in the spruce forest compared with the beech forest. Furthermore, in both forests, cumulative fluxes of all studied elements (with the exception of NH4+ and NO3-) during the study period were statistically different from those of GR (P<0.05).

Research highlights: This study demonstrates that changing from a natural beech forest to a spruce plantation significantly alters nutrient fluxes exiting the canopy and the O layer. This information provides essential information on how planting exotic species will affect nutrient cycles in this region.

Keywords: Beech forest; Norway spruce plantation; Throughfall; Nutrient leaching; O layer.


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How to Cite
AttarodP., AbbasianP., Grant-PypkerT., AhmadiM. T., Zahedi-AmiriG., Soofi-MarivH., & BayramzadehV. (2019). Replacing an oriental beech forest with a spruce plantation impacts nutrient concentrations in throughfall, stemflow, and O layer. Forest Systems, 28(2), e010.
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