Yew (Taxus baccata L.) population dynamics in the Iberian Mediterranean Mountains: natural regeneration and expansion in East Central System (Spain)

  • Rodrigo Balaguer-Romano Departamento de Biología (Botánica), Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria de Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid. Asociacion Amigos del tejo y de las Tejedas ARBA. AlbergueJuvenil “Richard Schirman”, Casa de Campo, 28011, Madrid, Spain.
  • Helios Sainz-Ollero Departamento de Biología (Botánica), Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria de Cantoblanco, 28049, Madrid.
  • Fernando Vasco-Encuentra Asociacion Amigos del tejo y de las Tejedas ARBA. AlbergueJuvenil “Richard Schirman”, Casa de Campo, 28011, Madrid.

Abstract

Aim of study: To evaluate demographical dynamics of yew populations in the Iberian Mediterranean mountains in order to assess population trends and a hypothetical natural regeneration of the species.

Area of study: Ayllón Mountain Range, Eastern end of Central Mountain Range, Spain.

Material and methods: Afield survey was conducted on three yew groves, taking data of altitude, orientation, companion woody species, UTM coordinates, height, perimeter (at breast height, 120cm) and sex. Individuals were classified in four age groups, considering height and trunk perimeter: AgeGroup1, Seedling; AgeGroup2, Juvenile; AgeGroup3, Adult and AgeGroup4, Old. Finally Recruitment rate was calculated for each population.

Main results: Surveyed yew populations include more than 1600 trees, showing elevated Recruitment rates, which indicates that there are more seedling and juvenile individuals (Group1 and Group2) than adult and old ones (Group3 and Group4).

Research highlights: Surveyed yew populations show vigorous regeneration. These results lead us to reconsider the relictic character assigned to the species in the Iberian Mediterranean mountains.

Key words: Ayllón; microclimatic; regeneration rate; relictic; survey.

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References

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Published
2020-05-14
How to Cite
Balaguer-RomanoR., Sainz-OlleroH., & Vasco-EncuentraF. (2020). Yew (Taxus baccata L.) population dynamics in the Iberian Mediterranean Mountains: natural regeneration and expansion in East Central System (Spain). Forest Systems, 29(1), eSC03. https://doi.org/10.5424/fs/2020291-15955
Section
Short communications