Short Communication: Timing of resin-tapping operations in maritime pine forests in Northern Spain
Aim of study: To optimize the timing of resin-tapping activities for maximizing the economic efficiency of resin tapping in Atlantic maritime pine forests.
Area of study: Northern Spain.
Material and methods: We conducted three small experiments in a mature maritime pine forest aimed to test: i) the impact of groove frequency on resin production, ii) the effect of previous grooves as a driver of temporal patterns of resin production along the seasons and iii) the impact of previous tapping on resin production in the following campaign.
Main results: The resin produced decreased as groove frequency decreased, but the reduction was low. Considering that the number of trees that a worker can tap increases with more spaced grooves, higher tapping efficiency can be achieved with monthly grooves. Previous tapping increased resin yield during the following campaign but resin production was not affected by the previous grooves during the current tapping campaign.
Research highlights: Responses to wounding seem to require time to be effective and temporal patterns of resin production appear to be driven by weather conditions alone.
Keywords: resin yield; Pinus pinaster; seasonality; induced responses; wounding.
de Oliveira Junkes CF, Vigne Duz JV, Kerber MR, Wieczorek J, Galvan JL, Fett JP, Fett-Neto AG, 2019. Resinosis of young slash pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm.) as a tool for resin stimulant paste development and high yield individual selection. Ind Crop Prod 135, 179-187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.04.048
Génova M, Caminero L, Dochao J, 2013. Resin tapping in Pinus pinaster: effects on growth and response function to climate. Eu J For Res 133, 323-333. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-013-0764-4
Heinze A, Kuyper TW, García Barrios LE, Ramírez Marcial N, Bongers F, 2021. Tapping into nature's benefits: values, effort and the struggle to co-produce pine resin. Ecosys People 17, 69-86. https://doi.org/10.1080/26395916.2021.1892827
Hood S, Sala A, 2015. Ponderosa pine resin defenses and growth: metrics matter. Tree Physiol 35, 1223-1235. https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpv098
Justes A, Solino M, 2018. The resin in Castilla y Leon (Spain): resin workers' preferences in times of economic crisis. Madera Bosques 24. https://doi.org/10.21829/myb.2018.2411413
Michavila, S, Rodríguez García A, Rubio F, Gil L, Lopez R, 2021. Salicylic and citric acid as promising new stimulants for resin tapping in maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.). For Syst 29, eSC07. https://doi.org/10.5424/fs/2020293-16737
Moreira X, Zas R, Sampedro L, 2012. Quantitative comparison of chemical, biological and mechanical induction of secondary compounds in Pinus pinaster seedlings. Trees 26, 683-677. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-011-0602-6
Moreira X, Zas R, Solla A, Sampedro L, 2015. Differentiation of persistent anatomical defensive structures is costly and determined by nutrient availability and genetic growth-defence constraints. Tree Physiol 35, 112-123. https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpu106
Neis FA, de Costa F, Fuller TN, de Lima JC, da Silva Rodrigues-Correa KC, Fett JP, Fett-Neto AG, 2018. Biomass yield of resin in adult Pinus elliottii Engelm. trees is differentially regulated by environmental factors and biochemical effectors. Ind Crop Prod 118, 20-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.03.027
Ortuño Perez SF, Garcia-Robredo F, Ayuga Tellez E, Fullana Belda C, 2013. Effects of the crisis in the resin sector on the demography of rural municipalities in Spain. For Syst 22, 39-46. https://doi.org/10.5424/fs/2013221-02403
Rodrigues-Correa KCdS, de Lima JC, Fett-Neto AG, 2012. Pine oleoresin: tapping green chemicals, biofuels, food protection, and carbon sequestration from multipurpose trees. Food Energy Sc 1, 81-93. https://doi.org/10.1002/fes3.13
Rodriguez-Garcia A, Martin JA, Lopez R, Mutke S, Pinillos F, Gil L, 2015. Influence of climate variables on resin yield and secretory structures in tapped Pinus pinaster Ait. in central Spain. Agr For Meteor 202, 83-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.11.023
Rodriguez-Garcia A, Martin JA, Lopez R, Sanz A, Gil L, 2016. Effect of four tapping methods on anatomical traits and resin yield in Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.). Ind Crop Prod 86, 143-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.03.033
Rodriguez-Garcia A, Lopez R, Martin JA, Pinillos F, Gil L, 2014. Resin yield in Pinus pinaster is related to tree dendrometry, stand density and tapping-induced systemic changes in xylem anatomy. For Ecol Manage 313, 47-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.10.038
Solino M, Yu T, Alia R, Aunon F, Bravo-Oviedo A, Regina Chambel M, de Miguel J, del Rio M, Justes A, Martinez-Jauregui M, et al., 2018. Resin-tapped pine forests in Spain: Ecological diversity and economic valuation. Sci Total Environ 625, 1146-1155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.027
Susaeta A, Peter GF, Hodges AW, Carter DR, 2014. Oleoresin tapping of planted slash pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm. var. elliottii) adds value and management flexibility to landowners in the, southern United States. Biomass Bioenerg 68, 55-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.06.003
van der Maaten, E, Mehl A, Wilmking M, van der Maaten-Theunissen M, 2017. Tapping the tree-ring archive for studying effects of resin extraction on the growth and climate sensitivity of Scots pine. For Ecosys 4. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40663-017-0096-9
Vázquez-Gonzalez C, López-Goldar X, Alía R, Bustingorri G, Lario FJ, Lema M, de la Mata R, Sampedro L, Touza R, Zas R, 2021. Genetic variation in resin yield and covariation with tree growth at different genetic levels in Pinus pinaster. For Ecol Manage 482, 118843. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118843
Vázquez-González C, Zas R, Erbilgin N, Ferrenberg S, Rozas V, Sampedro L, 2020. Resin ducts as resistance traits in conifers: Linking dendrochronology and resin based defences. Tree Physiol 40, 1313-1326. https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpaa064
Yi M, Jia T, Dong L, Zhang L, Leng C, Liu S, Lai M, 2021. Resin yield in Pinus elliottii Engelm. is related to the resin flow rate, resin components and resin duct characteristics at three locations in southern China. Ind Crop Prod 160, 113141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2020.113141
Zas R, Quiroga R, Touza R, Vázquez-González C, Sampedro L, Lema M, 2020a. Resin tapping potential of Atlantic maritime pine forests depends on tree age and timing of tapping. Ind Crop Prod 157, 112940. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2020.112940
Zas R, Touza R, Sampedro L, Lario FJ, Bustingorri G, Lema M, 2020b. Variation in resin flow among maritime pine populations: Relationship with growth potential and climatic responses. For Ecol Manage 474, 118351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118351
Copyright (c) 2021 Forest Systems
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
© INIA. Manuscripts published are the property of the Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.
Forest Systems is an Open Access Journal. All articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the basic information and the legal text of the license. The indication of the license CC-by must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.