Dinámica estacional del crecimiento secundario y anatomía del xilema en dos Quercus mediterráneos que coexisten

  • J. Albuixech Marti Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología (CSIC), Avd. Montañana, 1005. 50080 Zaragoza
  • J.J. Camarero Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología (CSIC), Avd. Montañana, 1005. 50080 Zaragoza
  • G. Montserrat-Marti Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología (CSIC), Avd. Montañana, 1005. 50080 Zaragoza


Se estudió la contribución de los patrones de crecimiento secundario y la anatomía de la madera a la coexistencia de dos especies de Quercus (Quercus ilex subsp. ballota —especie de madera de porosidad semi-difusa— y Quercus faginea —especie de madera de porosidad en anillo—), en una localidad de clima mediterráneo continental, durante dos años de climatología contrastada. Según nuestros resultados el patrón de crecimiento secundario de Q. faginea se concentra en primavera, iniciándose antes, y respondiendo más que el de Q. ilex a un incremento de la precipitación durante este periodo. Q. ilex prolonga la formación de madera hacia el otoño y el crecimiento del verano tardío tiene una mayor importancia en términos de conductividad hidráulica teórica que en Q. faginea, que concentra la conductividad hidráulica en los vasos formados en primavera. Por tanto, la distinta respuesta de la fenología de formación de la madera y de la anatomía del xilema de ambas especies al patrón estacional de precipitación podría contribuir a explicar la coexistencia de Q. ilex y Q. faginea.


Download data is not yet available.


Aloni R. 1991. Wood formation in deciduous hardwood trees. In: Raghavendra AS, editor. Physiology of trees. New York: Wiley and Sons; pp. 75-197.

Amaral Franco JD. 1990. Flora Ibérica, CSIC, Madrid; pp 15-36.

Amorini, E., Biocca, M., Manetti, M.C., Motta, E., 1996. A dendroecological study in a declining oak coppice stand. Ann. Sci. For. 53, 731-742. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/forest:19960249

Berges, L., Nepveu, G., Franc, A., 2008. Effects of ecological factors on radial growth and wood density components of sessile oak (Quercus petraea Liebl.) in Northern France. For. Ecol. Manage. 255, 567-579. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2007.09.027

Borchert, R., 1994. Soil and Stem Water Storage Determine Phenology and Distribution of Tropical Dry Forest Trees. Ecology 75, 1437-1449. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1937467

Campelo, F., Gutierrez, E., Ribas, M., Nabais, C., Freitas, H., 2007. Relationships between climate and double rings in Quercus ilex from northeast Spain. Can. J. For. Res.- Rev. Can. Rech. For. 37, 1915-1923. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/X07-050

Carlquist, S., 2001. Comparative Wood Anatomy: Systematic, Ecological, and Evolutionary Aspects of Dicotyledon Wood.

Cartan-Son, M., Floret, C., Galan, M.J., Grandjanny, M., Floch, E., Maistre, M., Perret, P., Romane, F., 1992. Factors affecting radial growth of Quercus ilex L. in a coppice stand in southern France. Plant Ecology 99-100, 61-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00118210

Cochard, H., Tyree, M.T., 1990. Xylem dysfunction in Quercus: vessel sizes, tyloses, cavitation and seasonal changes in embolism. Tree Physiol 6, 393-407. PMid:14972931

Corcuera, L., Camarero, J., Gil-Pelegrín, E., 2004a. Effects of a severe drought on growth and wood anatomical properties of Quercus faginea. IAWA Journal 25, 185-204.

Corcuera, L., Camarero, J., Gil-Pelegrín, E., 2004b. Effects of a severe drought on Quercus ilex radial growth and xylem anatomy. Trees 18, 83-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00468-003-0284-9

Corcuera, L., Camarero, J., Sisó, S., Gil-Pelegrín, E., 2006. Radial-growth and wood-anatomical changes in overaged Quercus pyrenaica coppice stands: functional responses in a new Mediterranean landscape. Trees 20, 91-98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00468-005-0016-4

Cherubini, P., Gartner, B.L., Tognetti, R., Braker, O.U., Schoch, W., Innes, J.L., 2003. Identification, measurement and interpretation of tree rings in woody species from mediterranean climates. Biological Reviews 78, 119-148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1464793102006000 PMid:12620063

Deslauriers, A., Morin, H., Begin, Y., 2003a. Cellular phenology of annual ring formation of Abies balsamea in the Quebec boreal forest (Canada). Can. J. For. Res.-Rev. Can. Rech. For. 33, 190-200. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/x02-178

Deslauriers, A., Morin, H., Urbinati, C., Carrer, M., 2003b. Daily weather response of balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) stem radius increment from dendrometer analysis in the boreal forests of Québec (Canada). Trees 17, 477-484. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00468-003-0260-4

Di Castri, F., 1981. Mediterranean-type shrublands of the world. Mediterranean-type shrublands 11, 1-52.

Eilmann, B., Weber, P., Rigling, A., Eckstein, D., 2006. Growth reactions of Pinus sylvestris L. and Quercus pubescens Willd. to drought years at a xeric site in Valais, Switzerland. Dendrochronologia 23, 121-132. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dendro.2005.10.002

Filho, J.P.L., Nova, N.A.V., Pinto, H.S., 1997. A model including photoperiod in degree days for estimating Hevea bud growth. International Journal of Biometeorology 41, 1-4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004840050045

García-González, I., Eckstein, D., 2003. Climatic signal of earlywood vessels of oak on a maritime site. 23, 497-504.

García-Ruiz, J.M., Lasanta, T., Ruiz-Flano, P., Ortigosa, L., White, S., González, C., Martí, C., 1996. Land-use changes and sustainable development in mountain areas: a case study in the Spanish Pyrenees. Landscape Ecology 11, 267-277. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02059854

Gartner, B.L., 1995. Plant stems: physiology and functional morphology. Academic Press, New York, USA.

Gasson, P., 1987. Some implications of anatomical variations in wood of pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.), including comparison with common beech (Fagus sylvatica L.). IAWA Journal 8, 149-166.

Gratani, L., Marzi, P., Crescente, M.F., 1992. Morphological adaptions of Quercus ilex leaves in the Castelporziano forest. Plant Ecology 99-100, 155-161. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00118221

IPCC, 2007. Intergovernamental Pannel for Climate Change. IPCC Technical Paper on Climate Change and Water. Draft for Government and Expert Review.

Jones, B., Tardif, J., Westwood, R., 2004. Weekly xylem production in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) in response to artificial defoliation. Can. J. Bot.-Rev. Can. Bot. 82, 590-597. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/b04-032

Lebourgeois, F., Cousseau, G., Ducos, Y., 2004. Climatetree- growth relationships of Quercus petraea Mill. stand in the Forest of Berce. Ann. For. Sci. 61, 361-372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/forest:2004029

Mäkinen, H., Seo, J.-W., Nöjd, P., Schmitt, U., Jalkanen, R., 2008. Seasonal dynamics of wood formation: a comparison between pinning, microcoring and dendrometer measurements. European Journal of Forest Research 127, 235-245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10342-007-0199-x

Marion, L., Gricar, J., Oven, P., 2007. Wood formation in urban Norway maple trees studied by the micro-coring method. Dendrochronologia 25, 97-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dendro.2007.05.001

Mediavilla, S., Escudero, A., 2003. Mature trees versus seedlings: Differences in leaf traits and gas exchange patterns in three co-occurring Mediterranean oaks. Ann. For. Sci. 60, 455-460. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/forest:2003038

Mitrakos, K., 1980. A theory for Mediterranean plant life. Plant ecology 1, 245-252.

Montserrat-Martí, G., Camarero, J.J., Palacio, S., Perez- Rontome, C., Milla, R., Albuixech, J., Maestro, M., 2009. Summer-drought constrains the phenology and growth of two coexisting Mediterranean oaks with contrasting leaf habit: implications for their persistence and reproduction. Trees 23, 787-799. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00468-009-0320-5

Mooney, H.A., Parsons, D.J., Kummerow, J., 1974. Plant development in mediterranean climates. Phenology and seasonality modeling. Berlin. Springer-Verlag.

Peñuelas, J., Fililla, I., Lloret, F., Piñol, J., Siscart, D., 2000. Effects of a severe drought on water and nitrogen use by Quercus ilex and Phillyrea latifolia. Biol. Plantarum 43, 47-53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1026546828466

Ponton, S., Dupouey, J.L., Bréda, N., Feuillat, F., Bodénès,C., Dreyer, E., 2001. Carbon isotope discrimination and wood anatomy variations in mixed stands of Quercus robur and Quercus petraea. Plant, Cell & Environment 24, 861-868. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.0016-8025.2001.00733.x

Rossi S, Anfodillo T, Menardi R 2006. Trephor: a new tool for sampling microcores from tree stems. IAWA Journal 27:89-97.

Rossi, S., Deslauriers, A., 2007. Intra-annual time scales in tree rings. Dendrochronologia 25, 75-77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dendro.2007.05.002

Schmitt, U., Jalkanen, R., Eckstein, D., 2004. Cambium dynamics of Pinus sylvestris and Betula spp. in the northern boreal forest in Finland. Silva. Fenn. 38, 167-178.

Schröter, D., Cramer, W., Leemans, R., Prentice, I.C., Araujo, M.B., Arnell, N.W., Bondeau, A., Bugmann, H., Carter, T.R., Gracia, C.A., de la Vega-Leinert, A.C., Erhard, M., Ewert, F., Glendining, M., House, J.I., Kankaanpaa, S., Klein, R.J.T., Lavorel, S., Lindner, M., Metzger, M.J., Meyer, J., Mitchell, T.D., Reginster, I., Rounsevell, M., Sabate, S., Sitch, S., Smith, B., Smith, J., Smith, P., Sykes, M.T., Thonicke, K., Thuiller, W., Tuck, G., Zaehle, S., Zierl, B., 2005. Ecosystem service supply and vulnerability to global change in Europe. Science 310, 1333-1337. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1115233 PMid:16254151

Sokal, R.R., Rohlf, F.J., 1995. Biometry: The Principles and Practice of Statistics in Biological Research. Freeman, New York.

Suzuki, M., Yoda, K., Suzuki, H., 1996. Phenological comparison of the onset of vessel formation between ringporous and diffuse-porous deciduous trees in a Japanese temperate forest. IAWA Journal 17, 131-144.

Tardif, J., 1996. Earlywood, latewood and total ring width of a ring-porous species (Fraxinus nigra Marsh) in relation to climatic and hydrologic factors. In: Dean, J.S., Meko, D.M., Swetnam, T.W. (Eds.), Tree Rings, Environment and Humanity. Radiocarbon, Tucson, pp. 315-324.

Tardif, J.C., Conciatori, F., 2006. Influence of climate on tree rings and vessel features in red oak and white oak growing near their northern distribution limit, southwestern Quebec, Canada. Can. J. For. Res.-Rev. Can. Rech. For. 36, 2317-2330. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/x06-133

Tyree, M.T., Ewers, F.W., 1991. The hydraulic architecture of trees and other woody plants. New Phytologist 119, 345-360. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1991.tb00035.x

Van Der Werf, G.W., Sass-Klaassen, U.G.W., Mohren, G.M.J., 2007. The impact of the 2003 summer drought on the intra-annual growth pattern of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and oak (Quercus robur L.) on a dry site in the Netherlands. Dendrochronologia 25, 103-112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dendro.2007.03.004

Villar-Salvador, P., Castro-Díez, P., Pérez-Rontomé, C., Montserrat-Marti, G., 1997. Stem xylem features in three Quercus (Fagaceae) species along a climatic gradient in NE Spain. Trees 12, 90-96. Woodcock, D., 1989a. Distribution of vessel diameter in ring-porous species. Aliso 12, 287-293.

Woodcock, D.W., 1989b. Climate sensitivity of wood -anatomical features in a ring-porous oak (Quercus macrocarpa). Can. J. For. Res.-Rev. Can. Rech. For. 19, 639-644. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/x89-100

Zhang, S.H., Romane, F., 1991. Diameter growth of Quercus ilex L. and the interannual variablity of climatic characteristics. Ann. Sci. For. 48, 225-234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/forest:19910209

How to Cite
Albuixech MartiJ., CamareroJ., & Montserrat-MartiG. (2012). Dinámica estacional del crecimiento secundario y anatomía del xilema en dos Quercus mediterráneos que coexisten. Forest Systems, 21(1), 9-22. https://doi.org/10.5424/fs/2112211-12076
Research Articles