Characterization of wildland-urban interfaces for fire prevention in the province of Valencia (Spain)
Aim of study. The present study is the first attempt to characterize and map wildland-urban interfaces (WUIs) in eastern Spain (province of Valencia) and its relationship with wildfire occurrence.
Area of study. The study area is located in eastern Spain in the province of Valencia. The area covers 246,426 ha and includes four administrative departments comprising 86 municipalities.
Material and methods. The methodology integrates housing density and vegetation aggregation for large-scale fire prevention using the WUImap ® ARC GIS tool. A PLS model was developed to relate wildfire occurrence and WUI typologies.
Main results. The results show that 21% of housing can be considered as WUIs, highlighting the high degree of fire hazard in the study area. The PLS model shows that the 4 typologies outside of WUI present lower significance than most of WUI typologies. The types of WUI most related to fire occurrence (Number of Fires and Area Burned) are Insolated and Scattered housing with Low or High vegetation aggregation. The type Insolated housing with low aggregation presents the highest significance to explain wildfire occurrence.
Research highlights: A significant relationship between wildfire occurrence the study area and WUI has been demonstrated. The obtained results verify the ability of WUImap tool in classifying large-scale administrative departments and its suitability for application to prioritize preventive actions in the Mediterranean areas
Key words: Housing density; PLS (Partial Least Squares) model; vegetation aggregation; WUImap.
Caballero D. 2004. Conclusion of the Third Workshop on forest fires in the Wildland Urban Interface in Europe. Madrid, Spain. 26-27th of May. WARM Project Final Report. European Commission.
Esposito V, Chin WW, Henseler J. (Eds.). 2010. Handbook of partial least squares. Concepts, Methods and Applications, Springer, Berlin, 850 pp. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-32827-8
Galiana L, Herrero G, Solana J. 2011. A Wildland-Urban Interface Typology for Forest Fire Risk Management in Mediterranean Areas. Landscape Res 36(2), 151-171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01426397.2010.549218
Galiana L, Herrero G, Solana J. 2007. Caracterización y clasificación de interfaces urbano-forestales mediante análisis paisajístico: el ejemplo de Sierra Calderona (Comunidad Valenciana, Espa-a). In: Abstracts of the IV International Wildland Fire Conference, Seville, Spain, 285 pp.
Herrero G, Jappiot M, Bouillon C, Long-Fournel M. 2012. Application of a geographical assessment method for the characterization of wildland urban interfaces in the context of wildﬁre prevention: A case study in western Madrid. Applied Geography 35: 60-70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2012.05.005
Lampin-Maillet C, Jappiot M, Long M, Bouillon C, Morge D, Ferrier JP. 2010a. Mapping wildland-urban interfaces at large scales integrating housing density and vegetation aggregation for fire prevention in the South of France. 2010a. J Env Manage 91, 732-741 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.10.001 PMid:19879685
Lampin-Maillet C, Jappiot M, Long M, Morge D, Ferrier JP. 2009. Characterization and mapping of dwelling types for forest fires prevention. Comp Env Urban Systems 33, 224-232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2008.07.003
Lampin-Maillet C, Mantzavelas A, Galiana L, Jappiot M, Lonf M, Herrero G, Karlsson O, et al. 2010b. Wildland urban interfaces. Fire behaviour and vulnerability: characterization, mapping and assessment. In: Towards Integrated Fire Management-Outcomes of the European Project Fire Paradox (Sande Silva J, Rego F, Fernandes P, Rigolot E, eds.). European Forest Institute Research Report 23, pp. 71-92.
Montiel C and Herrero G. 2010. An overview of policies and practices related to fire ignitions at the European Union level. In: Towards Integrated Fire Management-Outcomes of the European Project Fire Paradox (Sande Silva J, Rego F, Fernandes P, Rigolot E, eds.). European Forest Institute Research Report 23, pp. 35-46.
Ortega M, Saura S, Gonzalez-Avila S, Gómez-Sanz V, Elena-Rosello R. 2012. Landscape vulnerability to wildfires at the forest-agriculture interface: half-century patterns in Spain assessed through the SISPARES monitoring framework. Agroforest Syst 85 (3), 331-349. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10457-011-9423-2
Pausas JG, Fernandez-Muñoz S. 2012. Fire regime changes in the Western Mediterranean Basin: from fuel-limited to drought-driven fire regime. Clim Change 110(1-2), 215-226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-011-0060-6
Radeloff VC, Hammer RB, Stewart SI, Fried JF, Holcomb SS, McKeefry JF. 2005. The wildland urban interface in the United States. Ecol Appl 15(3), 799-805. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/04-1413
Winter GJ, Vogt C, Fried JS. 2002. Fuel treatments at the wildland-urban interface: common concerns in diverse regions. J For 100, 15-21.
© INIA. Manuscripts published are the property of the Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.
Forest Systems is an Open Access Journal. All articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the basic information and the legal text of the license. The indication of the license CC-by must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.