Optimization of Land Use Pattern Reduces Surface Runoff and Sediment Loss in a Hilly-Gully Watershed at the Loess Plateau, China
Aim of study: The aim is to find a way increasing gain yield and lessen area of farmland, and then increasing vegetation cover, improving environment and alleviating soil erosion.
Area of study: The Hilly-Gully region at the loess plateau of China.
Material and methods: In this study, an adjusted and optimized land use pattern was developed in Luoyugou watershed in the Yellow River valley based on the gradient distribution of land use types, and its effect on water and sediment transport was simulated using the SWAT model and GIS, with remote sensing images, land use maps and hydrologic data.
Main results: The results indicate: average simulated runoff and sediment for the period 1986-2000 under conditions of the three land use pattern (2011, 2008 and optimized land use) reduced by 0.002-0.013 m3/s (2.7-17.6%) and 0.66 million tons, respectively. The runoff and sediment data obtained were compared with observed data from 2008, which showed that runoff and sediment production would be reduced by 467625 m3 and 22754 tons, respectively.
Research highlights: The adjustment of the land use pattern in comprehensive consideration of vegetation and geography have a positive effect on water and sediment transport which will be important for decision making and water resources management, and provides a reference for future environmental management and ecological construction in the loess plateau Hilly-Gully region.
Arnold J, Allen P, 1996. Estimating hydrologic budgets for three Illinois watersheds. J Hydrology 176, 57-77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(95)02782-3
Asbjornsen H, Goldsmith GR, Alvarado-Barrientos MS, Rebel K, Van Osch FP, Rietkerk M, Chen J, Gotsch S, Tobon C, Geissert DR, 2011. Ecohydrological advances and applications in plant–water relations research: a review. J Plant Ecol 4, 3-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpe/rtr005
Asrar G, Myneni R, Choudhury B, 1992. Spatial heterogeneity in vegetation canopies and remote sensing of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation: a modeling study. Remote Sens Environ 41, 85-103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0034-4257(92)90070-Z
Bakker MM, Govers G, van Doorn A, Quetier F, Chouvardas D, Rounsevell M, 2008. The response of soil erosion and sediment export to land-use change in four areas of Europe: the importance of landscape pattern. Geomorphology 98, 213-226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.12.027
Bi H, Liu B, Wu J, Yun, L, Chen Z, Cui Z, 2009. Effects of precipitation and landuse on runoff during the past 50 years in a typical watershed in the Loess Plateau, China. Int J of Sediment Res 24, 352-364. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1001-6279(10)60009-1
Chen Y, Li X, Su W, Li Y, 2008. Simulating the optimal land-use pattern in the farming-pastoral transitional zone of Northern China. Computers Environ Urban 32, 407-414. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2008.01.001
Chen Y, Yang P, 2001. Recent progresses of international study on land use and land cover change (LUCC). Econ Geogr 1, 021.
De Girolamo A, Porto AL, 2012. Land use scenario development as a tool for watershed management within the Rio Mannu Basin. Land Use Policy 29, 691-701. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2011.11.005
Deng W, Yan D, He Y, Zhang G, 2004. Research of water ecological space. Adv Water Sci 15, 341-345.
Eckhardt K, Ulbrich U, 2003. Potential impacts of climate change on groundwater recharge and streamflow in a central European low mountain range. J Hydrol284, 244-252. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2003.08.005
Fohrer N, Haverkamp S, Eckhardt K, Frede HG, 2001. Hydrologic response to land use changes on the catchment scale. Phys Chem Earth, Part B: Hydrol Oceans Atmos 26, 577-582. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1464-1909(01)00052-1
Fu BJ, Chen L, Ma K, 1999. The effect of land use change on the regional environment in the Yangjuangou catchment in the Loess plateau of China. Acta Geogr Sinica 54, 241-246.
Fu BJ, Chen L, Ma K, Zhou H, Wang J, 2000. The relationships between land use and soil conditions in the Hilly area of the Loess plateau in northern Shaanxi, China. Catena 39, 69-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0341-8162(99)00084-3
Gao Q, Kang M, Xu H, Jiang Y, Yang J, 2010. Optimization of land use structure and spatial pattern for the semi-arid Loess Hilly–Gully region in China. Catena 81, 196-202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2010.03.002
GB/T21010—2007, 2007. In: General Administration of Quality Supervision, I.a.Q.o.t.P.s.R.o.C.A.a.S.A.o.t.P.s.R.o.C. (Ed.).
Gong W, Kong D, Fan W, Wang X, 2009. Characteristic analysis of spatio-temporal pattern evolution of land use in Harbin region of Songhuajiang watershed. T CSAE 25, 249-255.
Graetz R, Pech RP, Davis A, 1988. The assessment and monitoring of sparsely vegetated rangelands using calibrated Landsat data. Int J Remote Sens 9, 1201-1222. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431168808954929
Han J, 2011. Hydrological Response on Land Use Change in Luoyugou Watershed. Beijing Forest University.
Hao F, Chen L, Liu C, Dai D, 2004. Impact of land use change on runoff and sediment yield. J Soil Water Conserv 18, 5-8.
Hörmann G, Horn A, Fohrer N, 2005. The evaluation of land-use options in mesoscale catchments: prospects and limitations of eco-hydrological models. Ecol Model 187, 3-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.01.022
Huisman J, Breuer L, Bormann H, Bronstert A, Croke B, Frede HG, Gräff T, Hubrechts, L, Jakeman A, Kite G, 2009. Assessing the impact of land use change on hydrology by ensemble modeling (LUCHEM) III: Scenario analysis. Adv Water Resour 32, 159-170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2008.06.009
Jing K, 2001. Strategical consideration on expedition environment construction on Loess Plateau. Bull Soil Water Conserv 21.
Jing K, Jiao J, 2010. Discussion on questions in benefit assessment for soil and water conservation. Bull Soil Water Conserv 30.
Kezer K, Matsuyama H, 2006. Decrease of river runoff in the Lake Balkhash basin in Central Asia. Hydrol Process 20, 1407-1423. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hyp.6097
Li T, Ni J, Ju W, 2004. Land-use adjustment with a modified soil loss evaluation method supported by GIS. Future Gener Comp Sy 20, 1185-1195. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2003.11.008
Li XY, Wang YJ , 2007. Grey Rational Degree Analyses for Effects of Different Vegetation Types on Overland Flow. Bull Soil Water Conserv 2, 018.
Liu G, Yu P, Wang Y, Tu X, Xiong W, Xu L, 2011. Spatial-temporal variation of annual sediment yield during 1960—2000 in the Jinghe Basin of Loess Plateau in China. Sci Soil Water Conserv 6, 002.
Liu J, 2011. Discussion on the Method of Making Slope Classification Map with DEM in ArcGIS. Geomat Spat Inform Technol 1, 040.
Los S, Pollack N, Parris M, Collatz G, Tucker C, Sellers P, Malmström C, DeFries R, Bounoua L, Dazlich D, 2000. A global 9-yr biophysical land surface dataset from NOAA AVHRR data. J Hydrometeorol 1, 183-199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1525-7541(2000)001<0183:AGYBLS>2.0.CO;2
LUCC, 1996. Land Use and Cover Change (LUCC) Open Science Meeting Proceedings LUCC Report Series No. 1, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Maximov IA, 2003. Integrated assessment of climate and land use change effects on hydrology and water quality of the Upper and Lower Great Miami River. University of Cincinnati.
Niehoff D, Fritsch U, Bronstert A, 2002. Land-use impacts on storm-runoff generation: scenarios of land-use change and simulation of hydrological response in a meso-scale catchment in SW-Germany. J Hydrol 267, 80-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(02)00142-7
North PR, 2002. Estimation of f APAR, LAI, and vegetation fractional cover from ATSR-2 imagery. Remote Sens Environ 80, 114-121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0034-4257(01)00292-9
Nossent J, Bauwens W, 2007. Comparing SWAT and WetSpa on the River Grote Laak, Belgium, The Fourth International SWAT Conference. Institute for Water Education, Delft, the Netherlands, 9 pp.
Panagopoulos Y, Makropoulos C, Baltas E, Mimikou M, 2011. SWAT parameterization for the identification of critical diffuse pollution source areas under data limitations. Ecol Modell 222, 3500-3512. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2011.08.008
Qiu LJ, Zheng FL, Yin RS, 2012. SWAT-based runoff and sediment simulation in a small watershed, the loessial Hilly-Gully region of China: capabilities and challenges. Int J Sediment Res 27, 226-234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1001-6279(12)60030-4
Sellers P, Tucker C, Collatz G, Los S, Justice C, Dazlich D, Randall D, 1994. A global 1 by 1 NDVI data set for climate studies. Part 2: The generation of global fields of terrestrial biophysical parameters from the NDVI. Int J Remote Sens 15, 3519-3545. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431169408954343
Stolte J, Ritsema C, Bouma J, 2005. Developing interactive land use scenarios on the Loess Plateau in China, presenting risk analyses and economic impacts. Agr Ecosyst Environ 105, 387-399. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2004.01.045
Sullivan A, Ternan J, Williams A, 2004. Land use change and hydrological response in the Camel catchment, Cornwall. Appl Geogr 24, 119-137. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2003.11.002
Tang L, Zhang Z, Wang X, Wang S, Zha T, 2010. Effects of Precipitation and Land Use/Cover Variability on Erosion and Sediment Yield in Qingshuihe Watershed on the Loess Plateau, China. J Nat Resour 8, 011.
Trimble SW, 1999. Decreased rates of alluvial sediment storage in the Coon Creek Basin, Wisconsin, 1975-93. Sci 285, 1244-1246. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.285.5431.1244
Van Oost K, Govers G, Desmet P, 2000. Evaluating the effects of changes in landscape structure on soil erosion by water and tillage. Landscape ecol 15, 577-589. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1008198215674
Wang W, Jiao J, 1996. Rainfall and erosion sediment yield in the Loess Plateau and sediment transportation in the Yellow River basin. Beijing: Science Press 145, 142-144.
Wang R, Qin B, Huang, C, 2008. Characteristics of typical rainstorm, flood and sediment yield in Luoyugou Watershed. Sci Soil Water Conserv 6, 12-17.
Wang S, Zhang Z, 2006. Effects of land use change on hydrological dynamics at water sheds calein the Loess Plateau. A case study in the Luergou water shed, Gansu Province. Journal of Beijing Forestry University 28, 48.
Wu J, 2003. The key research topics in landscape ecology. Acta Ecol Sinica 24, 2074-2076.
Xie Y, 2009. Study on the ecological response of hydrology on forest vegetation change in Luoyu Watershed based on the SWAT model. Res Soil Water Conserv 16, 197-202.
Xing W, Zhenyao S, 2007. Analysis of the changes of land use/cover and landscape pattern in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. T Chinese Soc Agr Eng 2007.
Xu T, 2002. Evaluation of Soil Erosion Based on GIS in a Small Watershed. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University 26.
Yang D, Kanae S, Oki T, Koike T, Musiake K, 2003. Global potential soil erosion with reference to land use and climate changes. Hydrol Process 17, 2913-2928. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hyp.1441
Zhang X, Srinivasan R, Hao E, 2007. Predicting hydrologic response to climate change in the Luohe River basin using the SWAT model. T ASABE 50, 901-910. http://dx.doi.org/10.13031/2013.23154
Zhang Y, 2012. The Effect of Land Use Change on Water and Soil Loss in Typical Small Watershed of Loess Hilly-Gully Region. Beijing Forest University, China.
© CSIC. Manuscripts published are the property of Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.
Forest Systems is an Open Access Journal. All articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the basic information and the legal text of the license. The indication of the license CC-by must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.