Feeding responses by Scolytus scolytus to twig bark extracts from elms
AbstractFeeding responses by Scolytus scolytus were tested using elm twig bark extracts in a laboratory bioassay. One to 4- years-old elm twigs or small branches were sampled in spring and their bark extracted separately with methanol and with a mixture of petroleum ether and diethyl ether (1:1) as solvents. Bark extracts were tested in a two choice feeding bioassay consisting of two polyurethane discs placed in a 10 cm diameter Petri dish. Extracts were applied onto the discs and the amount of disc eaten by ten freshly emerged S. scolytus adults was recorded after 24 hours. Ten U. minor, two U. laevis, six U. glabra, three Dutch hybrids (European x Asiatic) and one U. pumila trees were tested in several comparisons. Discs with extracts from both U. laevis trees were significantly less eaten than those from U. pumila or from U. minor trees in two choice tests. Similarly, extracts from all U. glabra trees received less feeding than those from U. minor. On the contrary, S. scolytus showed no difference in feeding between U. pumila and U. minor extracts, and similarly for Dutch hybrids in comparison with two U. minor clones. Again, beetles preferred to feed on Dutch hybrid extracts better than in those from U. laevis. Significant intraspecific differences in feeding were obtained in U. minor. One of the U. minor clones resulted less chosen when compared to other four trees. Extracts from a dying U. minor tree received more feeding than those from a healthy tree. Comparisons were also made between bark extracts from 2-to 4-year-old vs. current-year twigs within the same trees. In one of the four U. minor tested, a significant preference for the older twig extracts was recorded.
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