Development of multi-functional combine harvester with grain harvesting and straw baling

  • Zhong Tang Jiangsu University, School of Agricultural Equipment Engineering. Zhenjiang, 212013, Jiangsu
  • Yaoming Li Jiangsu University, School of Agricultural Equipment Engineering. Zhenjiang, 212013, Jiangsu
  • Cheng Cheng Jiangsu University, School of Agricultural Equipment Engineering. Zhenjiang, 212013, Jiangsu
Keywords: Oryza sativa L., transverse threshing cylinder, feeding rate, compression device, square bales, cost and energy consumption


The decomposition and burning of straw results in serious environmental pollution, and research is needed to improve strategies for straw collection to reduce pollution. This work presents an integrated design of multi-functional rice combine harvester that allows grain harvesting and straw baling. This multi-functional combine harvester could reduce the energy consumption required for rice harvesting and simplify the process of harvesting and baling. The transmission schematic, matching parameters and the rotation speed of threshing cylinder and square baler were designed and checked. Then the evaluation of grain threshing and straw baling were tested on a transverse threshing cylinders device tes rig and straw square bales compression test rig. The test results indicated that, with a feeding rate of 3.0 kg/s, the remaining straw flow rate at the discharge outlet was only 1.22 kg/s, which indicates a variable mass threshing process by the transverse threshing cylinder. Then the optimal diameter, length and rotating speed of multi-functional combine harvester transverse threshing cylinder were 554 mm, 1590 mm, and 850 r/min, respectively. The straw bale compression rotating speed of crank compression slider and piston was 95 r/min. Field trials by the multi-functional combine harvester formed bales with height×width×length of 40×50×54-63 cm, bale mass of 22.5 to 26.0 kg and bale density 206 to 216 kg/m3. This multi-functional combine harvester could be used for stem crops (such as rice, wheat and soybean) grain harvesting and straw square baling, which could reduce labor cost and power consumption.


Download data is not yet available.


Anjum A, Ghafoor A, Munir A, Iqbal M, Ahmad M, 2015. Design modification of conventional wheat straw chopper. Agric Eng Int: CIGR Journal 17 (1): 50-58.

Becker R, Bubner B, Remus R, Wirth S, Ulrich A, 2014. Impact of multi-resistant transgenic Bt maize on straw decomposition and the involved microbial communities. Appl Soil Ecol 73 (1): 9-18.

Bortolini M, Cascini A, Gamberi M, Mora C, Regattieri A, 2014. Sustainable design and life cycle assessment of an innovative multi-functional haymaking agricultural machinery. J Clean Prod 82 (2): 23-36.

Chen S, Zhang Z, Wang Z, Guo X, Liu M, Hamoud YA, Qiu R, 2016. Effects of uneven vertical distribution of soil salinity under a buried straw layer on the growth, fruit yield, and fruit quality of tomato plants. Sci Hortic 203 (1): 131-142.

Golpira H, Tavakoli T, Baerdemaeker JD, 2013. Design and development of a chickpea stripper harvester. Span J Agric Res 11 (4): 929-934.

Grisso RD, McCullough D, Cundiff JS, Judd J D, 2013. Harvest schedule to fill storage for year-round delivery of grasses to biorefinery. Biomass Bioenerg 55 (3): 331-338.

Guo L, Yue L, Xirui Z, Xueshang W, Jiao S, 2014. Design on the flail of straw chopper machine to field. J Agric Mechan Res 32 (8): 122-125.

Jin CQ, Tang ZY, Jin M, Wu CY, 2011. Design and experiment of straight baler device behind combine harvester. J Agric Mechan Res 2011-07: 147-150.

Kviz Z, Kumhala F, Masek J, 2015. Plant remains distribution quality of different combine harvesters in connection with conservation tillage technologies. Agron Res 13 (1): 115-123.

Langer TH, Ebbesen MK, Kordestani A, 2015. Experimental analysis of occupational whole-body vibration exposure of agricultural tractor with large square baler. Int J Indust Ergon 47 (2): 79-83.

Li YM, Xu J, Xu LZ, Yin JJ, 2012. Test and analysis of straw compression and baling, advanced materials research. Trans Tech Publ 347: 2626-2629.

Li HT, Huang P, Shu CX, 2013. Research status quo and development trends of harvesting mechanization technology on rice, wheat and rape in China. Agric Eng 3 (5): 1-6.

Lotjonen T, Paappanen T, 2013. Bale density of reed canary grass spring harvest. Biomass Bioenerg 51 (1): 53-59.

Martelli R, Bentini M, 2015. Harvest storage and handling of round and square bales of giant reed and switchgrass, an economic and technical evaluation. Biomass Bioenerg 73 (1): 67-76.

Marxen A, Klotzbücher T, Jahn R, Kaiser K, Nguyen VS, Schmidt A, Vetterlein D, 2016. Interaction between silicon cycling and straw decomposition in a silicon deficient rice production system. Plant Soil 398 (2): 153-163.

Mathanker SK, Maughan JD, Hansen AC, Grift TE, Ting KC, 2014. Sensing miscanthus swath volume for maximizing baler throughput rate. T ASABE 57 (2): 355-362.

Mathanker SK, Hansen AC, 2015. Impact of miscanthus yield on harvesting cost and fuel consumption. Biomass Bioenerg 81 (1): 162-166.

Mingze Y, Bo L, Tieliang W, Xue F, 2016. Effects of straw size in buried straw layers on water movement in adjacent soil layers. Int J Agr Biol Eng 9 (2): 74-84.

Mozner Z, Tabi A, Csutora M, 2012. Modifying the yield factor based on more efficient use of fertilizer e the environmental impacts of intensive and extensive agricultural practices Ecol Indic 16 (1): 58-66.

Osueke ECO, 2011. Simulation and optimization modeling of performance of a cereal thresher. Int J Eng Technol IJET-IJENS 11 (3): 143-152.

Shinners KJ, Schlesser WM, 2014. Reducing baler losses in arid climates by steam re-hydration. Appl Eng Agr 30 (1): 11-16.

Singh KP, Pardeshi IL, Kumar M, Srinivas K, Srivastva AK, 2008. Optimisation of machine parameters of a pedal-operated paddy thresher using RSM. Biosyst Eng 100 (4): 591-600.

Sokhansanj S, Webb E, Turhollow A, 2014. Cost impacts of producing high density bales during biomass harvest. Am Soc Agr Biol Eng 16 (1): 13-16.

Song D, Wang G, Xue Z, Zhang J, Huang Z, Yang Z, 2014. Design and Analysis on compression mechanism of small square bales of sugarcane leaf Baler. Agr Sci Technol 15 (10): 1812-1815.

Summerell BA, Burgess LW, 1989. Decomposition and chemical composition of cereal straw. Soil Biol Biochem 21 (4): 551-559.

Tang Z, Li YM, Wang CH, 2013. Experiments on variable-mass threshing of rice in the tangential-longitudinal-flow combine harvester. J Agr Sci Technol 15 (6): 1319-1334.

Valentin V, Lucreţia P, Sorin B, Sorin B, Aurel D, 2009. Contributions to modeling the threshing and separating process within a threshing apparatus with axial flow. UPB Sci Bull 71 (1): 150-158.

Wang FD, Chen Z, Wang JY, Wang XW, Chen F, 2009. Design and experiment of 4YF-1300 large rectangular baler. T Chin Soc Agr Machin 40 (11): 36-40.

Xiong Y, Li H, Zhang S, Chen L, Li X, Han L, 2015. Motion laws and design basis of the knotter wiper mechanism. J Agr Mechan Res 27 (7): 113-118.

Yang BS, Cao JM, Li XY, 2007. Technical situation and development trends of rice harvest mechanization. J Agric Mechan Res 19 (7): 227-228.

Yang H, Yang B, Dai Y, Xu M, Koide RT, Wang X, 2015. Soil nitrogen retention is increased by ditch-buried straw return in a rice-wheat rotation system. Eur J Agron 69 (1): 52-58.

Yin JJ, Li S, Li YM, 2011. Kinematic simulation and time series analysis of D-knotter and its ancillary mechanisms. T Chin Soc Agr Machin 42 (6): 103-107.

Yin JJ, Zhang WQ, Chen YM, Gao Q, 2015. Parameters analysis of rope-holding motion, knot-winding motion, rope-biting motion of knotter and knotting tests. T Chin Soc Agr Machin 46 (9): 135-143.

Zhao Y, Pang H, Wang J, Huo L, Li Y, 2014. Effects of straw mulch and buried straw on soil moisture and salinity in relation to sunflower growth and yield. Field Crops Res 161 (2): 16-25.

How to Cite
TangZ., LiY., & ChengC. (2017). Development of multi-functional combine harvester with grain harvesting and straw baling. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 15(1), e0202.
Agricultural engineering