Assessment of combining ability for yield and quality components in hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)

  • Narayanasamy Rohini Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Dept. Vegetable Crops, Periyakulam-625 604, Tamil Nadu
  • Valliyappan Lakshmanan Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Dept. Vegetable Crops, Periyakulam-625 604, Tamil Nadu
  • Desabandhu Saraladevi Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Dept. Vegetable Crops, Periyakulam-625 604, Tamil Nadu
  • John J. Amalraj Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Dept. Plant Genetic Resource, Coimbatore-641003, Tamil Nadu
  • Perumal Govindaraju Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, ADAC&RI, Dept. Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Trichy -620 009, Tamil Nadu
Keywords: chilli, growth, capsaicin, dry yield, GCA, SCA, RCA


Six parental genotypes and their thirty F1 hybrids in a full diallel cross system with reciprocals, were used in the present study to estimate combining ability for five quantitative and five qualitative traits in hot pepper. The mean sum of squares due to general combining ability (GCA), specific combining ability (SCA) and reciprocal combining ability (RCA) were significant for all the characters which suggest that these parents could have performed differently in different combinations indicating interallelic interactions. All the traits studied exhibited greater SCA variance than GCA, suggesting that these traits are controlled by non-additive gene action. Analysis of the GCA effects of parents for various traits revealed that LCA625, K1 and PKM1 were the best general combiners for almost all the traits. Estimates of SCA effects showed that the hybrids LCA625 × K1, K1 × Arka LohitandPusa Jwala × PKM1were found to be the best combiners for yield and its attributes. The hybrid K1 × Arka Lohitwas the best reciprocal combiner for quality parameters based on its better mean performance and combining ability. These results suggest that commercial production of hot pepper hybrids and isolation of pure lines from these hybrids is a possible way to enhance the yield and fruit quality.


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How to Cite
RohiniN., LakshmananV., SaraladeviD., AmalrajJ. J., & GovindarajuP. (2017). Assessment of combining ability for yield and quality components in hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 15(2), e0703.
Plant breeding, genetics and genetic resources