Susceptibility of non-cereal crops to Fusarium graminearum complex and their role within cereal crop rotation as a source of inoculum for Fusarium head blight
Fusarium graminearum, the cause of Fusarium head blight (FHB), is an important cereal pathogen. Moreover, some non-graminaceous crops are also known to be susceptible to F. graminearum infection. This study assessed the presence of F. graminearum species complex on non-cereal plants, grown in a cereal crop rotation and evaluated its pathogenicity to non-cereal plants in vitro and to spring wheat under field conditions. The relative density of Fusarium species isolated from oilseed rape, pea, potato and sugar beet plants was assessed in 2015 and 2016. A total of 403 isolates of Fusarium spp. were obtained from non-cereal plants and only 5% of the isolates were identified as F. graminearum. The pathogenicity test revealed that isolates of F. graminearum from spring wheat and non-cereal plants caused discolourations on leaves of faba bean, fodder beet, oilseed rape, pea, potato and sugar beet. The pea was the crop most susceptible to F. graminearum isolated from spring wheat. The pathogenicity of F. graminearum from sugar beet, oilseed rape, pea and potato to the same hosts differed depending on isolate and inoculated plant. Under field conditions, F. graminearum isolates from pea, potato, oilseed rape and wild viola were able to cause typical FHB symptoms in spring wheat. Based on the information generated in this study, we conclude that under congenial conditions, growing faba bean, pea, sugar beet, fodder beet, oilseed rape and potato plants in a cereal crop rotation may serve as alternative or reservoir hosts for F. graminearum pathogens.
Ali S, Rivera VV, Seco GA, 2005. First report of Fusarium graminearum causing dry rot of potato in North Dakota. Plant Dis 89: 105. https://doi.org/10.1094/PD-89-0105B
Andrews S, Pitt JI, 1986. Selective medium for isolation of Fusarium species and dematiaceous hyphomycetes from cereals. Appl Environ Microbiol 51 (6): 1235-1238.
Bernhoft A, Torp M, Clasen PE, Løes AK, Kristoffersen AB, 2012. Influence of agronomic and climatic factors on Fusarium infestation and mycotoxin contamination of cereals in Norway. Food Addit Contam 29 (7): 1129-1140. https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2012.672476
Bilgi VN, Bradley CA, Mathew FM, Ali S, Rasmussen JB, 2011. Root rot of dry edible bean caused by Fusarium graminearum. Plant Health Progress online. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHP-2011-0425-01-RS
Broders KD, Lipps PE, Paul PA, Dorrance AE, 2007. Evaluation of Fusarium graminearum associated with corn and soybean seed and seedling disease in Ohio. Plant Dis 91: 1155-1160. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-9-1155
Burlakoti RR, Estrada R, Rivera VV, Boddeda A, Secor GA, Adhikari TB, 2007. Real-time PCR quantification and mycotoxin production of Fusarium graminearum in wheat inoculated with isolates collected from potato, sugar beet and wheat. Phytopathology 97: 835-841. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-97-7-0835
Burlakoti RR, Ali S, Secor GA, Neate SM, McMullen MP, Adhikari TB, 2008. Genetic relationships among populations of Gibberella zeae from barley, wheat, potato, and sugar beet in the Upper Midwest of the United States. Phytopathology 98: 969-976. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-98-9-0969
Chongo G, Gossen BD, Kutcher HR, Gilbert J, Turkington TK, Fernandez MR, McLaren D, 2001. Reaction of seedling roots of 14 crop species to Fusarium graminearum from wheat heads. Can J Plant Pathol 23 (2): 132-137. https://doi.org/10.1080/07060660109506920
Christ DS, Gödecke R, von Tiedemann A, Varrelmann M, 2011. Pathogenicity, symptom development, and mycotoxin formation in wheat by Fusarium species frequently isolated from sugar beet. Phytopathology 101 (11): 1338-1345. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-01-11-0003
De Wolf ED, Madden LV, Lipps PE. 2003. Risk assessment models for wheat Fusarium head blight epidemics based on within-season weather data. Phytopathology 93: 428-435. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO.2003.93.4.428
Demeke T, Clear RM, Patrick SK, Gaba D, 2005. Species-specific PCR-based assays for the detection of Fusarium species and a comparison with the whole seed agar plate method and trichothecene analysis. Int J Food Microbiol 103: 271-284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2004.12.026
Engle JS, Lipps PE, Mills D, 2003. Fusarium head blight severity scale for winter wheat. Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet. Bulletin AC-48-03.
EPPO, 2002. Efficacy evaluation of fungicides: Root, stem, foliar and pod diseases of rape. EPPO PP 1/78 (3): 100-105.
Gargouri-Kammoun L, Gargouri S, Rezgui S, Trifi M, Bahri N, Hajlaoui MR, 2009. Pathogenicity and aggressiveness of Fusarium and Microdochium on wheat seedlings under controlled conditions. Tunis J Plant Prot 4: 135-144.
Gilbert J, Tekauz A, 2011. Strategies for management of fusarium head blight (FHB) in cereals. PS&C Prairie Soils & Crops Journal 4: 97-104.
Gonzalez HHL, Martinez EJ, Pacin A, Resnik SL, 1999. Relationship between Fusarium graminearum and Aspergillus alternata contamination and deoxynivalenol occurrence of Argentinian durum wheat. Mycopathologia 144: 97-102. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007020822134
Hanson LE, 2006; Fusarium yellowing of sugar beet caused by Fusarium graminearum from Minnesota and Wyoming. Plant Dis 90: 686. https://doi.org/10.1094/PD-90-0686A
Harris LJ, Balcerzak M, Johnston A, Schneiderman D, Ouellet T; 2016; Host-preferential Fusarium graminearum gene expression during infection of wheat, barley, and maize. Fungal Biol 120 (1): 111-123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funbio.2015.10.010
Ilic J, Cosic J, Jurkovic D, Vrandecic K, 2012. Pathogenicity of Fusarium spp. isolated from weeds and plant debris in eastern Croatia to wheat and maize. Poljoprivreda/Agriculture 18: 7-11.
IUSS Working Group WRB, 2015. World Reference Base for soil resources 2014, update 2015. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World Soil Resources Report No. 106. FAO, Rome. 193 pp.
Janaviciene S, Mankeviciene A, Suproniene S, Kochiieru Y, Keriene I, 2018. The prevalence of deoxynivalenol and its derivatives in the spring wheat grain from different agricultural production systems in Lithuania. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 35 (6): 1179-1188. https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2018.1427893
Kumar K, Xi K, Turkington TK, Tekauz A, Helm JH, Tewari JP, 2011. Evaluation of a detached leaf assay to measure fusarium head blight resistance components in barley. Can J Plant Pathol 33 (3): 364-374. https://doi.org/10.1080/07060661.2011.590820
Leslie JF, Summerell BA, 2006. The Fusarium laboratory manual. Blackwell Publ Prof, Ames, IA, USA. 388 pp. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470278376
Madden LV, Hughes G, van den Bosch F, 2007. The study of plant disease epidemics. APS Press, St. Paul, MN, USA. 432 pp.
Mankevičienė A, Jablonskytė-Raščė D, Maikštėnienė S, 2014. Occurence of mycotoxins in spelt and common wheat grain and their products. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 31 (1): 132-138. https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2013.861614
Mourelos CA, Malbran PA, Ghiringhelli PD, Lori GA, 2014. Gramineous and non-gramineous weed species as alternative hosts of Fusarium graminearum, causal agent of Fusarium head blight of wheat, in Argentina. Crop Prot 65: 100-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2014.07.013
Nicholson P, Simpson DR, Weston G, Rezanoor HN, Lees AK, Parry DW, Joyce D, 1998. Detection and quantification of Fusarium culmorum and Fusarium graminearum in cereals using PCR assays. Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 53 (1): 17-37. https://doi.org/10.1006/pmpp.1998.0170
Nielsen LK, Jensen JD, Rodríguez A, Jørgensen LN, Justesen AF, 2012. TRI12 based quantitative real-time PCR assays reveal the distribution of trichothecene genotypes of F. graminearum and F. culmorum isolates in Danish small grain cereals. Int J Food Microbiol 157: 384-392. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2012.06.010
Nirenberg HI, 1976. Untersuchungen über die morphologische und biologisch Diffrenzieerum in der Fusarium Sekion Lisiola. Mitteilungen der Biologischen Bundesanstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft 169: 1-117.
Parikka P, Hakala K, Tiilikkala K, 2012. Expected shifts in Fusarium species' composition on cereal grain in Northern Europe due to climatic change. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 29 (10): 1543-1555. https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2012.680613
Parry DW, Jenkinson P, Mc Leod L, 1995. Fusarium ear blight in small grain cereals-a review. Plant Pathol 44: 207-238. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.1995.tb02773.x
Pereyra SA, Dill-Macky R, Sims AL, 2004. Survival and inoculum production of Gibberella zeae in wheat residue. Plant Dis 88: 724-730. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS.2004.88.7.724
Pereyra SA, Dill-Macky R, 2008. Colonisation of residues of diverse plant species by Gibberella zeae and their contribution to Fusarium head blight inoculum. Plant Dis 92: 800-807. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-92-5-0800
Purahong W, Nipoti P, Pisi A, Lemmens M, Prodi A, 2014. Aggressiveness of different Fusarium graminearum chemotypes within a population from Northern-Central Italy. Mycoscience 55 (1): 63-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.myc.2013.05.007
Raudonius S, 2017. Application of statistics in plant and crop research: important issues. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture 104 (4): 377-382. https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2017.104.048
Sakalauskas S, Stumbriene K, Suproniene S, Svegzda P, 2014. Changes in Fusarium link species composition from Lithuanian wheat grain in years 2005-2007 to 2011-2013. Proc Latv Acad Sci B Nat Exact Appl Sci 32 (1): 45-50. https://doi.org/10.2478/plua-2014-0013
Sneideris D, Ivanauskas A, Suproniene S, Kadziene G, Sakalauskas S, 2018. Genetic diversity of Fusarium graminearum isolated from weeds. Eur J Plant Pathol. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-018-1543-3
Suga H, Gale LR, Kistler C, 2004. Development of VNTR markers for two Fusarium graminearum clade species. Mol Ecol Notes 4: 468-470. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-8286.2004.00703.x
Supronienė S, Sakalauskas S, Mankevičienė A, Barčauskaitė K, Jonavičienė A, 2016a. Distribution of B type trichothecene producing Fusarium species in wheat grain and relation to mycotoxins DON and NIV concentrations. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture 103 (3): 281-288. https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2016.103.036
Suproniene S, Sakalauskas S, Stumbriene K, Zvirdauskiene R, Svegzda P, 2016b. Variances in trichothecene chemotype distribution in Lithuanian wheat grain and within pure culture Fusarium graminearum isolated from the same grain samples. Eur J Plant Pathol 144: 371-381. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-015-0774-9
Vaughan M, Backhouse D, Del Ponte EM, 2016. Climate change impacts on the ecology of Fusarium graminearum species complex and susceptibility of wheat to Fusarium head blight: A review. World Mycotoxin J 9 (5): 685-700. https://doi.org/10.3920/WMJ2016.2053
Waalwijk C, Kastelein P, de Vries I, Kerényi Z, van der Lee T, Hesselink T, Köhl J, Kema G, 2003. Major changes in Fusarium spp. in wheat in the Netherlands. Eur J Plant Pathol 109 (7): 743-754. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1026086510156
Wilcoxson RD, Busch RH, Ozmon EA, 1992. Fusarium head blight resistance in spring wheat cultivars. Plant Dis 76 (7): 658-661. https://doi.org/10.1094/PD-76-0658
Xu XM, Nicholson P, Thomsett MA, Simpson D, Cooke BM, Doohan FM, Brennan J, Monaghan S, Moretti A, Mule G, et al., 2008. Relationship between the fungal complex causing Fusarium head blight of wheat and environmental conditions. Phytopathology 98 (1): 69-78. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-98-1-0069
Yang F, Jacobsen S, Jørgensen HJL, Collinge DB, Svensson B, Finnie C, 2013. Fusarium graminearum and its interactions with cereal heads: studies in the proteomics era. Front Plant Sci 37 (4): 1-8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2013.00037
Yli-Mattila T, 2010. Ecology and evolution of toxigenic Fusarium species in cereals in Northern Europe and Asia. J Plant Pathol 92: 7-18.
© INIA. Manuscripts published are the property of the Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.
SJAR is an Open Access Journal. All articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the basic information and the legal text of the license. The indication of the license CC-by must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.