Susceptibility of non-cereal crops to Fusarium graminearum complex and their role within cereal crop rotation as a source of inoculum for Fusarium head blight
Fusarium graminearum, the cause of Fusarium head blight (FHB), is an important cereal pathogen. Moreover, some non-graminaceous crops are also known to be susceptible to F. graminearum infection. This study assessed the presence of F. graminearum species complex on non-cereal plants, grown in a cereal crop rotation and evaluated its pathogenicity to non-cereal plants in vitro and to spring wheat under field conditions. The relative density of Fusarium species isolated from oilseed rape, pea, potato and sugar beet plants was assessed in 2015 and 2016. A total of 403 isolates of Fusarium spp. were obtained from non-cereal plants and only 5% of the isolates were identified as F. graminearum. The pathogenicity test revealed that isolates of F. graminearum from spring wheat and non-cereal plants caused discolourations on leaves of faba bean, fodder beet, oilseed rape, pea, potato and sugar beet. The pea was the crop most susceptible to F. graminearum isolated from spring wheat. The pathogenicity of F. graminearum from sugar beet, oilseed rape, pea and potato to the same hosts differed depending on isolate and inoculated plant. Under field conditions, F. graminearum isolates from pea, potato, oilseed rape and wild viola were able to cause typical FHB symptoms in spring wheat. Based on the information generated in this study, we conclude that under congenial conditions, growing faba bean, pea, sugar beet, fodder beet, oilseed rape and potato plants in a cereal crop rotation may serve as alternative or reservoir hosts for F. graminearum pathogens.
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