Comparative performance analysis of innovative separation chamber configurations: Numerical and experimental investigations

  • Mansour Zobeiri Urmia University, Dept. of Mechanical and Biosystems Engineering, Urmia
  • Vahid Rostampour Urmia University, Dept. of Mechanical and Biosystems Engineering, Urmia
  • Adel Rezvanivand-Fanaei Urmia University, Dept. of Mechanical and Biosystems Engineering, Urmia
  • Ali M. Nikbakht Urmia University, Dept. of Mechanical and Biosystems Engineering, Urmia
Keywords: CFD, HSPh, purification, separation chamber

Abstract

Aim of study: Novel configurations of separation chamber are proposed to resolve the critical issue of separation in agro-industrial equipment.

Area of study: Dept. of Mechanical and Biosystems Engineering, Urmia, Iran

Material and methods: Precise and instrumented experimentation has been conducted to calibrate the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methodology in the modeling and simulating chickpea pod separation. Mechanisms were selected based on optimizing separation efficiency, relative purification and required airflow as a criterion for energy consumption.

Main results: Applying a guiding blade and suction fans may potentially increase the separation efficiency while reducing the relative purification and required airflow. The highest separation efficiency (95%), the lowest required airflow (545 m³/h) and the lowest pressure drop (16.3 Pa), were obtained by such configuration. Furthermore, the highest relative purification of 90% was achieved when the mechanism was free of blade and fans.

Research highlights: To integrate the advantages of the above-mentioned configurations, a series-type assembling them is proposed to preserve the separation efficiency and relative purification at the highest level, meanwhile reducing the required airflow. Also, 15% enhancement in the separation efficiency and 302.8 m³/h reductions in the airflow were found as a crucial finding. The high correlation of experimental and theoretical CFD results is the key point to motivate the researchers for extension of similar case projects.

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Published
2021-06-08
How to Cite
ZobeiriM., RostampourV., Rezvanivand-FanaeiA., & NikbakhtA. M. (2021). Comparative performance analysis of innovative separation chamber configurations: Numerical and experimental investigations. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 19(2), e0206. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2021192-15463
Section
Agricultural engineering