Quantity-to-intensity (Q/I) relationships can efficiently characterize intensively cultivated agricultural soils in Bangladesh for better potassium supplying capacity
Aim of the study: Firstly, to evaluate the K dynamics of soils through a quantity-intensity isotherm study; and secondly, to characterize the soils on the basis of quantity-intensity (Q/I) parameters.
Area of study: Gazipur, Bangladesh
Material and methods: Eleven soils collected from major agro-ecological zones in Bangladesh were evaluated for their varying K dynamics parameters, and K supplying capacities of these soils were described.
Main results: The Q/I plot showed both linear and polynomial relationships for soils in the study. The eleven soils had labile K ranging from 0.022 in Palashbari clay loam to 1.35 cmol kg-1 in Barisal clay. The latter soil had the highest equilibrium K activity ratio (0.003 mol L-1)1/2 and potential buffering capacity (PBC) (460.4 (cmol kg-1) (mol L-1)1/2). The PBC of soils for non-exchangeable pool (PBCne) was much higher than that of exchangeable pool (PBCe) in most soils. The largest amount of PBCne and PBCe occurred in Barisal clay, Gopalpur clay, Jhalokathi clay and Nachol loam which had a higher K desorption rate than all the other soils. The equilibrium exchangeable K, critical exchangeable K and equilibrium solution K of the soils varied widely (0.0006-0.035, 0.06-0.61 and 0.06-0.604 cmol kg-1, respectively). The added K was converted almost equally for the respective soils, with specific reference to the respective exchangeable and non-exchangeable pool for Barisal clay and Nachol loam.
Research highlights: All the studied parameters revealed wide variations among the soils. The linear and polynomial relationships for soils can efficiently characterize intensively cultivated soils in Bangladesh.
Barbayiannis N, Evangelou VP, Keramidas VC, 1996. Potassium-ammonium calcium quantity/intensity studies in the binary and ternary models in two soils of micaceous mineralogy of northern Greece. Soil Sci 161: 716-724. https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-199610000-00008
BARC, 2012. Fertilizer recommendation guide-2012. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Farmgate Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Beckett PHT, 1964a. Studies on soil potassium: I. Confirmation of the ratio law: Measurement of potassium potential. J Soil Sci 15: 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1964.tb00239.x
Beckett PHT, 1964b. Studies on soil potassium: II. The 'immediate' Q/I relations of labile potassium in the soil. J Soil Sci 15: 9-23. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1964.tb00240.x
Beckett PHT, Nafady MHM, 1967. Studies on soil potassium: VI. The effect of K-fixation and release on the form of the K: (Ca + Mg) exchange isotherm. J Soil Sci 18: 244-262. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1967.tb01504.x
Beckett PHT, Nafady MHM, 1969. The effect of prolonged cropping on the exchange surfaces of the clays of Broadbalk field. J Soil Sci Banner 20: 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1969.tb01549.x
Beckett PHT, Craig JB, Nafady WJP, 1966. Studies on soil potassium: V. The stability of Q/I relations. Plant Soil 25: 435-455. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01394467
Bertsch PM, Thomas GW, 1985. Potassium status of temperate region soils. Potassium in agriculture (Munson et al., eds.) Am Soc Agron Madison, USA. pp: 131-162.
Bouyoucos GJ, 1962. Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analysis of soils. Agron J 54: 464-465. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1962.00021962005400050028x
Claasen N, Syring KM, Jungk A., 1986. Verification of a mathematical model by simulating potassium uptake from soil. Plant Soil 95: 209-220. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02375073
Datta SC, Sastry TG, 1988. Determination of threshold levels for potassium release in three soils. J Ind Soc Soil Sci 36: 676-681.
Dobermann A, Cassman KG, Mamaril CP, Sheehy JE, 1998. Management of phosphorus, potassium and sulfur in intensive, irrigated lowland rice. Field Crops Res 56: 113-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(97)00124-X
Dobermann A, Fairhurst TH, 2000. Rice: Nutrient disorders & nutrient management. Handbook Series. Potash & Phosphate Inst of Canada (PPIC) and Int Rice Res Inst (IRRI), 191 pp.
Dobermann A, Witt C, Dawe D, 2003. Increasing productivity of intensive systems through site-specific nutrient management. Science Publishers and IRRI, New Delhi, India and Makati city, Philippines.
Evangelou VP, Wang J, Phillips RE, 1994. New developments and perspectives of soil potassium quantity-intensity relationships. Adv Agron 52: 173-277. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(08)60624-0
Hasan R, 2002. Potassium status of soils in India. Better Crops Int 16 (2): 3-5.
Islam A, Muttaleb A, 2016. Effect of potassium fertilization on yield and potassium nutrition of Boro rice in a wetland ecosystem of Bangladesh. Arch Agron Soil Sci 62 (11): 1530-1540. https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2016.1157259
Islam A, Saha PK, Biswas JC, Saleque MA, 2016. Potassium fertilization in intensive wetland rice system: yield, potassium use efficiency and soil potassium status. Int J Agric Pap 1 (2): 7-21.
Islam A, Karim AJMS, Solaiman ARM, Islam MS, Saleque MA, 2017. Eight-year long potassium fertilization effects on quantity/intensity relationship of soil potassium under double rice cropping. Soil Till Res 169: 99-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2017.02.002
Jalali M, 2007. Site-specific potassium application based on the fertilizer potassium availability index of soil. Precis Agric 8: 199-211. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11119-007-9039-8
Jalali M, Kolahchi Z, 2007. Short-term potassium release and fixation in some calcareous soils. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 170: 530-537. https://doi.org/10.1002/jpln.200622014
Jimenez C, Parra MA, 1991. Potassium quantity-intensity relationships in calcareous Vertisols and Inceptisols of southwestern Spain. Soil Sci Soc Am J 55: 985-989. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1991.03615995005500040015x
Jiyun J, Lin B, Zhang W, 1999. Improving nutrient management for sustainable development of agriculture in China. In: Nutrient disequilibria in agroecosystems. Concepts and case studies; Smaling EMA, Oenema O, Fresco LO (eds.). CABI Pub, University Press, Cambridge, UK. pp: 157-174.
Johnston AE, Goulding KWT, 1990. The use of plant and soil analysis to predict the potassium supplying capacity of soil. Proc 22nd Colloq of the Int Potash Inst (Bern, Switzerland), Soligorsk (USSR).
Liu G, Li Y, Poterfield DM, 2009. Genotypic differences in potassium nutrition in lowland rice hybrids. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 40: 1803-1821. https://doi.org/10.1080/00103620902896704
Mortland MM, 1961. The dynamic character of potassium release and fixation. Soil Sci 91: 11-13. https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-196101000-00003
Nair KPP, 1996. The buffering power of plant nutrients and effects on availability. Adv Agron 57: 237-287. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(08)60926-8
Nair KPP, Sadanandan AK, Hamza S, Abraham J, 1997. The importance of potassium buffer power in the growth and yield of cardamom. J Plant Nutr 20: 987-997. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904169709365311
Oberthuer T, Dobermann A, Neue HU, 1995. Spatial modeling of soil fertility. A case study in Nueva Ecija, Philippines. Proc Int Rice Res Conf, 13-17 Feb, IRRI Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines.
Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR, 1982. Methods of soil analysis, Part 2, 2nd edition. Am Soc Agron, Inc., Madison, WI, USA.
Patrick Jr. WH, Mikkelsen DS, Wells BR, 1986. Plant nutrient behavior in flooded soils. In: Fertilizer technology and use; Englested OP (Ed.), 3rd ed. Soil Sci Soc Am, Madison, WI, USA. pp: 197-228. https://doi.org/10.2136/1985.fertilizertechnology.c6
Rupa TR, Srivastava S, Swarup A, Singh D, 2001. Potassium supplying power of a Typic Ustochrept profile using quantity/intensity technique in a long-term fertilized plot. J Agric Sci 137: 195-203. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859601001216
Saleque MA, Anisuzzaman M, Moslehuddin AZM, 2009. Quantity-intensity relationships and potassium buffering capacity of four Ganges River Floodplain soils. Commun. Soil Sci Plant Anal 40: 1333-1349. https://doi.org/10.1080/00103620902761320
Saunders DA, 1990. Report of an on-farm survey- Dinajpur district: Farmers' practices and problems, and their implications. Monogr 6, BARI, Wheat Research Centre, Noshipur, Bangladesh, 39 pp.
Schneider A, 1997a. Influence of soil solution Ca concentration on short term K release and fixation of a loamy soil. Consequence for K buffer power prediction. Eur J Soil Sci 48: 499-512. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2389.1997.00107.x
Schneider A, 1997b. Short-term release and fixation of K in calcareous clay soils: consequence for K buffer power prediction. Eur J Soil Sci 48: 499-512. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2389.1997.00107.x
Schneider, A., 1997c. Release and fixation of potassium by loamy soil as affected by initial soil water content and potassium status of soil samples. Eur J Soil Sci 48: 263-271. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1997.tb00546.x
Schindler FV, Woodard HJ, Doolittle JJ, 2005. Assessment of soil potassium sufficiency as related to quantity-intensity in montmorillonitic soils. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 36: 2255-2270. https://doi.org/10.1080/00103620500196630
Schollenberger CJ, 1980. Semimicro Schollenberger's method. In: Analytical methods of nutrients in soil. Japan Soc Soil Sci Plant Nutr, pp: 34-41. Yokendo Co., Tokyo. [In Japanese].
Scott AD, Smith SJ, 1987. Sources, amounts, and forms of alkali elements in the soil. Adv Soil Sci 6: 101-147. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-4682-4_3
Selim HM, Mansell RS, Zelazny RS, 1976. Modelling reactions and transport of potassium in soils. Soil Sci 122: 77-84. https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-197608000-00003
Sharma BD, Mishra B, 1989. Release of non-exchangeable potassium in textural difference of western Uttar pradesh. Soils Ferti 52 (1): 13.
Sharma S, Chander G, Verma TS, Verma S, 2013. Soil potassium fractions in rice-wheat cropping system after twelve years of Lantana residue incorporation in a Northwest Himalayan acid Alfisol. J Plant Nutr 36: 1809-1820. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2013.815202
Shil NC, Saleque MA, Islam MR, Jahiruddin M, 2016. Soil fertility status of some of the intensive crop growing areas under major agro-ecological zones of Bangladesh. Bangladesh J Agril Res 41 (4): 735-757. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjar.v41i4.30705
Sparks DL, 1987. Potassium dynamics in soils. Adv Soil Sci 6: 1-63. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-4682-4_1
Sparks DL, Liebhardt WC, 1982. Temperature effects on potassium exchange and selectivity in Delaware soils. Soil Sci 133: 10-17. https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-198201000-00003
Sparks DL, Huang PM, 1985. Physical chemistry of soil potassium. In:. Potassium in Agriculture; Munson RD (ed.). Am Soc Agron, Madison, USA, pp: 201-276. https://doi.org/10.2134/1985.potassium.c9
Tabatabai MA, Hanway JJ, 1969. Potassium supplying power of Iowa soils at their minimal levels of exchangeable potassium. Proc Soil Sci Soc Am 33: 105-109. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1969.03615995003300010029x
Thomas GW, 1982. Exchangeable cations. In: Methods of soil analysis: Part 2, Chemical and microbiological properties; Page AL (ed.), pp: 159-164. Am Soc Agron, Madison, WI, USA. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronmonogr9.2.2ed.c9
Tiwari KN, 1985. Changes in potassium status of alluvial soils under intensive cropping. Fert News 30 (9): 17-24.
Uddin MS, 2009. Dynamics of potassium in paddy soils. Ph. D. Dissertation. Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.
Wang JJ, Scott AD, 2001. Effect of experimental relevance on potassium Q/I relationships and its implications for surface and subsurface soils. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 32: 2561-2575. https://doi.org/10.1081/CSS-120000391
Wang J, Farrell RE, Scott AD, 1988. Potentiometric determination of potassium Q/I relationships. Soil Sci Soc Am J 52: 657-662. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1988.03615995005200030011x
Wang JJ, Harrell DL, Bell PF, 2004. Potassium buffering characteristics of three soils low in exchangeable potassium. Soil Sci Soc Am J 68: 654-661. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2004.6540
Wells BR, Huey BA, Norman RJ, Helms RS, 1993. Rice. In: Nutrient deficiencies and toxicities in crop plants; Bennett WF (Ed.). Am Phytopathol Soc, St. Paul, MN, USA. pp: 15-19.
Zhu D, Lu J, Cong R, Ren T, Zhang W, Li L, 2019. Potassium management effects on quantity/intensity relationship of soil potassium under rice-oilseed rape rotation system. Arch Agron Soil Sci 65: 1274-1287. https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2019.1663830
© INIA. Manuscripts published are the property of the Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.
SJAR is an Open Access Journal. All articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the basic information and the legal text of the license. The indication of the license CC-by must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.