Effect of cover crops in olive groves on Cicadomorpha communities

  • Antonio J. Carpio 1 University of Córdoba, Campus de Rabanales, Dept. of Zoology. 14071 Córdoba. 2 Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos, IREC (UCLM-CSIC-JCCM). Ronda Toledo 12, 13071 Ciudad Real.
  • Marta Solana University of Córdoba, Campus de Rabanales, Dept. of Zoology. 14071 Córdoba
  • Francisco S. Tortosa University of Córdoba, Campus de Rabanales, Dept. of Zoology. 14071 Córdoba
  • Jesús Castro University of Vigo, Dept. of Ecology and Animal Biology. 36310 Vigo
Keywords: Auchenorrhyncha, bare ground, ground cover, xylem-fluid feeder insects, sharpshooters

Abstract

Aim of study: To identify the environmental variables that affect the Cicadomorpha communities and the role played by cover crops in olive groves by comparing olive orchards with cover crop to those with bare ground.

Area of study: Córdoba, Spain.

Material and methods: Two study plots, one with cover crop and the other with bare ground, were delimited in three areas of olives orchards. Three passive samplings (May, June and July) were performed in each study plot to estimate the abundance and the species richness of potential Cicadomorphas vectors of Xylella fastidiosa. In each sampling, eight yellow sticky traps (22 × 35 cm) were randomly distributed in each study plot (n = 144 traps).

Main results: The Cicadomorpha communities were mainly affected by landscape variables (such as the total surface and the distance to remnants of natural vegetation) and environmental variables (such as the temperature, moisture or ETo), whereas cover crops played a secondary role in the abundance of the Cicadomorpha.

Research highlights: The results of the study suggest that Cicadomorpha richness and abundance depend on the structural complexity provided by cover crops (positive effect) and live hedges (negative effect), which may be owing to the higher food abundance and shelter when cover crops are present, whereas higher insect predation may occur close to hedges, probably owing to insectivorous song birds.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Acevedo P, Delibes-Mateos M, Escudero MA, Vicente J, Marco J, Gortázar C, 2005. Environmental constraints in the colonization sequence of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus Linnaeus. 1758) across the Iberian Mountains. Spain J Biogeogr 32: 1671-1680. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2005.01310.x

Achtziger R, 1997. Organization patterns in a tritrophic plant- insect system: Hemipteran communities in hedges and forest margins. In: Vertical food web interactions - Evolutionary patterns and driving forces; Dettner K, Bauer G, Völkl W. (eds). pp: 277-297. Springer, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-60725-7_16

Almeida RP, Nunney L, 2015. How do plant diseases caused by Xylella fastidiosa emerge? Plant Dis 99: 1457-1467. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-02-15-0159-FE

Altieri MA, Wilson RC, Schmidt LL, 1985. The effects of living mulches and weed cover on the dynamics of foliage-and soil-arthropod communities in three crop systems. Crop Protect 4: 201-213. https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-2194(85)90018-3

Anderson MJ, 2001. A new method for non-parametric multivariate analysis of variance. Austral Ecol 26: 32-46. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1442-9993.2001.01070.x

Anderson MJ, Gorley RN, Clarke KR, 2008. Permanova+ for Primer: Guide to Software and Statistical Methods. PRIMER-E, Plymouth, 214 pp.

Andrzejewska L, 1965. Stratification and its dynamics in meadow communities of Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera). Ekol Polska 31: 687-715.

Bengtsson J, Ahnström J, Weibull AC, 2005. The effects of organic agriculture on biodiversity and abundance: a meta-analysis. J Appl Ecol 42: 261-269. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2005.01005.x

Biedermann R, Achtziger, R, Nickel H, Stewart AJ, 2005. Conservation of grassland leafhoppers: a brief review. J Insect Conserv 9: 229-243. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-005-0531-z

Bleicher K, Markó V, Orosz A, 2006. Species composition of Cicada (Auchenorrhyncha) communities in apple and pear orchards in Hungary. Acta Phytopathol Entomol Hung 41 (3-4): 341-355. https://doi.org/10.1556/APhyt.41.2006.3-4.16

Brown VK, Gibson CWD, Kathirithamby J, 1992. Community organisation in leaf hoppers. Oikos 65: 97-106. https://doi.org/10.2307/3544891

Carpio AJ, Castro J, Tortosa FS, 2019. Arthropod biodiversity in olive groves under two soil management systems: presence versus absence of herbaceous cover crop. Agric Forest Entomol 21 (1): 58-68. https://doi.org/10.1111/afe.12303

Castro J, Tortosa FS, Jimenez J, Carpio AJ, 2017. Spring evaluation of three sampling methods to estimate family richness and abundance of arthropods in olive groves. Anim Biodiv Conserv 40: 193-210. https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2017.40.0193

Castro-Caro JC, Barrio IC, Tortosa FS, 2015. Effects of hedges and herbaceous cover on passerine communities in Mediterranean olive groves. Acta Ornithol 50: 180-192. https://doi.org/10.3161/00016454AO2015.50.2.006

Clarke KR, 1993. Non‐parametric multivariate analyses of changes in community structure. Austral Ecol 18 (1): 117-143. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.1993.tb00438.x

Chuche J, Thiéry D, 2014. Biology and ecology of the flavescence dorée vector Scaphoideus titanus, a review. Agron Sustain Dev 34: 381-403. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-014-0208-7

Coll M, Guershon M, 2002. Omnivory in terrestrial arthropods: mixing plant and prey diets. Annu Rev Entomol 47 (1): 267-297. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.47.091201.145209

Cotes B, Campos M, García PA, Pascual F, Ruano F, 2011. Testing the suitability of insect orders as indicators for olive farming systems. Agr Forest Entomol 13 (4): 357-364. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-9563.2011.00526.x

Della Giustina W, 1989. Homoptères Cicadellidae, Vol. 3. Complements aux Ouvrages d′ Henri Ribaut. Faune de France, 73, INRA, Paris.

Dellapé G, Bouvet JP, Paradell SL, 2013. Diversity of Cicadomorpha (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha) in citrus orchards in Northeastern Argentina. Fla Entomol 96 (3): 1125-1135. https://doi.org/10.1653/024.096.0353

Denno RF, 1994. Influence of habitat structure on the abundance and diversity of planthoppers. In: Planthoppers-Their ecology and management; Denno RF, Perfect TJ (Eds.). pp: 140-1600. Chapman & Hall, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-2395-6_4

Denno RF, Roderick GF, 1991. Influence of patch size, vegetation structure and host plant architecture on the diversity, abundance and life history styles of sap-feeding herbivores. In: Habitat structure: The physical arrangement of objects in space; Bell SS, McCoy ED, Muchinsky HR (Eds.). pp: 169-196. Chapman & Hall, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-3076-9_9

Di Rienzo JA, Casanoves F, Balzarini MG, Gonzalez L, Tablada M, Robledo YC, 2011. InfoStat versión 2011. Grupo InfoStat. FCA. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina. http://www.infostat.com.ar

EFSA, 2015. Scientific opinion of the risk to plant health posed by Xylella fastidiosa in the EU territory, with the identification and evaluation of risk reduction options. EFSA Journal 13: 3989. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2015.3989

EFSA Panel on Plant Health, Bragard C, Dehnen‐Schmutz K, Di Serio F, Gonthier P, Jacques MA, et al., 2019. Update of the scientific opinion on the risks to plant health posed by Xylella fastidiosa in the EU territory. EFSA Journal 17 (5): e05665.

Evans JW, 1947. A natural classification of leafhoppers (Jassoidea, Homoptera). Trans R Entomol Soc Lon 98: 105-262. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1947.tb01054.x

Fereres A, 2017. Estudios sobre los vectores transmisores de Xylella fastidiosa en olivar. XVIII Simp. Cient.-Téc. Expoliva, 10-12 May.

Frazier NW, 1965. Xylem viruses and their insect vectors. Proc. Int. Conf. on Virus and Vector on Perennial Hosts, Davis, CA, USA, 6-10 Sept, pp: 91-99.

Gibson CWD, Brown VK, Losito L, McGavin GC, 1992. The response of invertebrate assemblies to grazing. Ecography 15 (2): 166-176. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.1992.tb00020.x

Gómez JA, Rodríguez-Carretero MT, Lorite IJ, Fereres E, 2014. Modeling to evaluate and manage climate change effects on water use in Mediterranean olive orchards with respect to cover crops and tillage management. In: Practical applications of agricultural system models to optimize the use of limited water; Lajpat RA, Liwang M, Robert JL (Eds.). pp: 237-266. Am Soc of Agron, Madison, WI, USA. https://doi.org/10.2134/advagricsystmodel5.c10

Gómez JA, Sobrinho TA, Giráldez JV, Fereres E, 2009. Soil management effects on runoff, erosion and soil properties in an olive grove of Southern Spain. Soil Till Res 102 (1): 5-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2008.05.005

Guerrero-Casado J, Carpio AJ, Prada LM, Tortosa FS, 2015. The role of rabbit density and the diversity of weeds in the development of cover crops in olive groves. Span J Agric Res 13: 1-4. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2015133-7022

Hay SI, Tucker CJ, Rogers DJ, Packer MJ, 1996. Remotely sensed surrogates of meteorological data for the study of the distribution and abundance of arthropod vectors of disease. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 90: 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/00034983.1996.11813021

Helbing F, Fartmann T, Löffler F, Poniatowski D, 2017. Effects of local climate, landscape structure and habitat quality on leafhopper assemblages of acidic grasslands. Agric Ecosyst Environ 246: 94-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2017.05.024

Hollier JA, Maczey N, Masters GJ, Mortimer SR, 2005. Grassland leafhoppers (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha) as indicators of habitat condition-a comparison of between-site and between-year differences in assemblage composition. J Insect Conserv 9: 299-307. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-005-8821-z

Hope ACA, 1968. A simplified Monte Carlo significance test procedure. J R Stat Soc Series B Stat Methodol 3: 582-598. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2517-6161.1968.tb00759.x

Hopkins DL, Purcell AH, 2002. Xylella fastidiosa: cause of Pierce's disease of grapevine and other emergent diseases. Plant Dis 86 (10): 1056-1066. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.10.1056

Janse JD, Obradovic A, 2010. Xylella fastidiosa: its biology, diagnosis, control and risks. J Plant Pathol 92: S35-S48.

Kleijn D, Sutherland WJ, 2003. How effective are European agri-environment schemes in conserving and promoting biodiversity? J Appl Ecol 40: 947-969. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2003.00868.x

Körösi Á, Batáry P, Orosz A, Rédei D, Baldi A, 2012. Effects of grazing, vegetation structure and landscape complexity on grassland leafhoppers (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha) and true bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) in Hungary. Insect Conserv Divers 5: 57-66. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-4598.2011.00153.x

Kruess A, 2003. Effects of landscape structure and habitat type on a plant-herbivore-parasitoid community. Ecography 26: 283-290. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0587.2003.03402.x

La Spina M, De Mendoza AH, Toledo J, Albujer E, Gilabert J, Badia V, Fayos V, 2005. Prospección y estudio de la dinámica poblacional de cicadélidos (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae) en viñedos de las comarcas meridionales valencianas. Bol Sanid Veg Plagas 31: 397-406.

Le Quesne WJ, 1965. Handbooks for the identification of British insects. Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha (excluding Deltocephalinae and Typhlocybinae), vol. II, Part 2a. Roy Entomol Soc of London, UK, 66 pp.

Le Quesne, WJ, 1969. Handbooks for the identification of British insects. Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha (Deltocephalinae). Roy Entomol Soc of London, UK,

Markó V, Jenser G, Kondorosy E, Ábrahám L, Balázs K, 2013. Flowers for better pest control? The effects of apple orchard ground cover management on green apple aphids (Aphis spp.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), their predators and the canopy insect community. Biocontrol Sci Techn 23 (2): 126-145. https://doi.org/10.1080/09583157.2012.743972

Maskell LC, Bullock JM, Smart SM, Thompson K, Hulme PE, 2006. The distribution and habitat associations of non-native plant species in urban riparian habitats. J Veg Sci 17: 499-508. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-1103.2006.tb02471.x

Masters GJ, Brown VK, Clarke IP, Whittaker JB, Hollier JA, 1998. Direct and indirect effects of climate change on insect herbivores: Auchenorrhyncha (Homoptera). Ecol Entomol 23: 45-52. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2311.1998.00109.x

Mazzoni V, 2005. Contribution to the knowledge of the Auchenorrhyncha (Hemiptera Fulgoromorpha and Cicadomorpha) of Tuscany (Italy). Redia 88: 85-102.

McArdle BH, Anderson MJ, 2001. Fitting multivariate models to community data: a comment on distance-based redundancy analysis. Ecology 82: 290-297. https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(2001)082[0290:FMMTCD]2.0.CO;2

McClure MS, 1982. Factors affecting colonization of an orchard by leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) vectors of peach X-disease. Environ Entomol 11: 695-700. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/11.3.695

Morente M, Fereres A, 2017. Vectores de Xylella fatidiosa. In: Enfermedades causadas por la bacteria Xylella fastidiosa; Marco-Noales E, López, MM. (eds). pp: 81-101. Cajamar Caja Rural.

Morris MG, 1981. Responses of grassland invertebrates to management by cutting. III. Adverse effects on Auchenorhyncha. J Appl Ecol 18: 107-123. https://doi.org/10.2307/2402481

Murdoch W, Evans FC, Peterson CH, 1972. Diversity and pattern in plants and insects. Ecology 53: 819-829. https://doi.org/10.2307/1934297

Nickel H, Hildebrandt J, 2003. Auchenorrhyncha communities as indicators of disturbance in grasslands (Insecta, Hemiptera)-a case study from the Elbe flood plains (northern Germany). Agric Ecosyst Environ 98: 183-199. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8809(03)00080-X

Nickel H, Achtziger R, 2005. Do they ever come back? Responses of leafhopper communities to extensification of land use. J Insect Conserv 9: 319-333. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-005-8824-9

Novotny V, Wilson MR, 1977. Why are there no small species amongxylem-sucking insects? Evol Ecol 11: 419-437. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018432807165

Paredes D, Cayuela L, Campos M, 2013. Synergistic effects of ground cover and adjacent vegetation on natural enemies of olive insect pests. Agric Ecosyst Environ 173: 72-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2013.04.016

Pedigo LP, Buntin GD (Eds), 1993. Handbook of sampling methods for arthropods in agriculture. CRC Press. 416 pp.

Pe'er G, Dicks LV, Visconti P, Arlettaz R, Báldi A, Benton TG, Collins S, Dieterich M, Gregory RD, Harting F, et al, 2014. EU agricultural reform fails on biodiversity. Science 344: 1090-1092. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1253425

Perrino EV, Ladisa G, Calabrese G, 2014. Flora and plant genetic resources of ancient olive groves of Apulia (Southern Italy). Genet Resour Crop Evol 61: 23-53. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-013-0013-1

Prischmann DA, James DG, Storm CP, Wright LC, Snyder WE, 2007. Identity, abundance, and phenology of Anagrus spp. (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) and leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) associated with grape, blackberry, and wild rose in Washington State. Ann Entomol Soc Am 100: 41-52. https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8746(2007)100[41:IAAPOA]2.0.CO;2

Purcell AH, 1997. Xylella fastidiosa, a regional problem or global threat? J Plant Pathol 79: 99-105.

Purcell AH, Finlay AH, 1979. Evidence for noncirculative transmission of Pierce's disease bacterium by sharpshooter leafhoppers. Phytopathology 69: 393-395. https://doi.org/10.1094/Phyto-69-393

Redak RA, Purcell AH, Lopes JR, Blua MJ, Mizell RF 3rd, Andersen PC, 2004. The biology of xylem fluid-feeding insect vectors of Xylella fastidiosa and their relation to disease epidemiology. Annu Rev Entomol 49: 243-270. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.49.061802.123403

Riedle-Bauer M, Tiefenbrunner A, Tiefenbrunner W, 2006. Untersuchungen zur Zikadenfauna (Hemiptera, Aucchenorrhyncha) einiger Weingärten Ostösterreichs und ihrer nahen Umgebung. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 38: 1637-1654.

Rodríguez-Entrena M, Arriaza M, 2013. Adoption of conservation agriculture in olive groves: Evidences from southern Spain. Land Use Policy 34: 294-300. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.04.002

Schaffers AP, Raemakers IP, Sýkora KV, TerBraak CJ, 2008. Arthropod assemblages are best predicted by plant species composition. Ecology 89: 782-794. https://doi.org/10.1890/07-0361.1

Simoes MP, Belo AF, Pinto-Cruz C, Pinheiro AC, 2014. Natural vegetation management to conserve biodiversity and soil water in olive orchards. Span J Agric Res 12: 633-643. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2014123-5255

Taylor K, 2009. Biological flora of the British Isles: Urtica dioica L. J Ecol 97: 1436-1458. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2009.01575.x

Waloff N, 1980. Studies on grassland leafhoppers (Auchenorrhyncha, Homoptera) and their natural enemies. In Adv Ecol Res 11: 81-215. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2504(08)60267-6

Weintraub PG, 2007. Insect vectors of phytoplasmas and their control-an update. Bull Insectol 60: 169-173.

Weintraub PG, Orenstein S, 2004. Potential leafhopper vectors of phytoplasma in carrots. Int J Trop Insect Sci 24 (3): 228-235. https://doi.org/10.1079/IJT200426

Weintraub PG, Beanland L, 2006. Insect vectors of phytoplasmas. Annu Rev Entomol 51: 91-111. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.51.110104.151039

Wells JM, Raju BC, Hung HY, Weisburg WG, Mandelco-Paul L, Brenner DJ, 1987. Xylella fastidiosa gen. nov., sp. nov: gram-negative, xylem-limited, fastidious plant bacteria related to Xanthomonas spp. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 37: 136-143. https://doi.org/10.1099/00207713-37-2-136

Yang X, Zhang T, Chen B, Zhou G, 2017. Transmission biology of rice stripe mosaic virus by an efficient insect vector Recilia dorsalis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). Front Microbiol 8: 2457. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.02457

Zhong-Xian L, Ping-Yang Z, Geoff MG, Xu-Song Z, Donna MY, Kong-Luen H, Ya-Jun Y, Hong-Xing X, 2014. Mechanisms for flowering plants to benefit arthropod natural enemies of insect pests: Prospects for enhanced use in agriculture. Insect Sci 21: 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1111/1744-7917.12000

Published
2020-09-22
How to Cite
CarpioA. J., SolanaM., TortosaF. S., & CastroJ. (2020). Effect of cover crops in olive groves on Cicadomorpha communities. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 18(2), e0303. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2020182-15991
Section
Agricultural environment and ecology