Hematological parameters, liver integrity and growth of Nile tilapia fingerlings fed diets supplemented with propolis extract

  • Glaucia M. R. Maccari Aquaculture Management Study Group (GEMAq), State University of Western Parana – Unioeste. Rua da Faculdade 645. Jardim Santa Maria, 85903-000 Toledo, Paraná
  • Danielle Z. Damasceno Zoetis, Pharmaceutical Industry, São Paulo
  • Mariana Lins-Rodrigues Aquaculture Management Study Group (GEMAq), State University of Western Parana – Unioeste. Rua da Faculdade 645. Jardim Santa Maria, 85903-000 Toledo, Paraná
  • Fábio Bittencourt Aquaculture Management Study Group (GEMAq), State University of Western Parana – Unioeste. Rua da Faculdade 645. Jardim Santa Maria, 85903-000 Toledo, Paraná
  • Marcos L. Bruschi Drug Release Systems Research and Development Laboratory, State University of Maringá. Maringá
  • Lucas A. S. Toledo Drug Release Systems Research and Development Laboratory, State University of Maringá. Maringá
  • Aldi Feiden Aquaculture Management Study Group (GEMAq), State University of Western Parana – Unioeste. Rua da Faculdade 645. Jardim Santa Maria, 85903-000 Toledo, Paraná
Keywords: Additives, Apis mellifera, bee products, fish farm, productive performance

Abstract

Aim of study: To assess the effects of propolis extract supplementation in diets for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings on growth performance, hematological and histological parameters.

Area of study: The study was carried out in Paraná (Brazil).

Material and methods: The experimental design was based on six treatments including the control diet and propolis supplementation (2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% in the diet). Three hundred Nile tilapia fingerlings, with an initial weight of 0.61± 0.02 g, were distributed in 30 plastic mesh hapas (0.15 m3 each) arranged in a concrete tank of 25 m3 of water volume. The duration of the experimental period was 90 days.

Main results: The increasing levels of propolis did not influence the growth performance and proximate composition of fishes. Red blood cells and hematological indices were not affected by propolis supplementation. However, total leukocytes and thrombocytes were higher in fish fed on propolis diets, being significant in fish fed 2% and 8%, and 6% and 8% supplemented diets groups, respectively.

Research highlights: The supplementation of propolis alcoholic extract in the range of 2, 4, 6 and 8% in the diet for Nile tilapia fingerlings promote healthier fish with increased immunity in the evaluated culture conditions.

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References

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Published
2021-12-10
How to Cite
MaccariG. M. R., DamascenoD. Z., Lins-RodriguesM., BittencourtF., BruschiM. L., ToledoL. A. S., & FeidenA. (2021). Hematological parameters, liver integrity and growth of Nile tilapia fingerlings fed diets supplemented with propolis extract . Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 19(4), e0612. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2021194-17279
Section
Animal production