Influence of overliming vineyard acid soils on the macro-nutritional status of grapevines

  • Miguel A. Olego Instituto de Investigación de la Viña y el Vino (IIVV). Universidad de León, León
  • Miguel J. Quiroga Instituto de Investigación de la Viña y el Vino (IIVV). Universidad de León, León
  • Mateo Cuesta Instituto de Investigación de la Viña y el Vino (IIVV). Universidad de León, León
  • Paula A. Oliveira Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences. Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro. Vila Real
  • José E. Garzón-Jimeno Instituto de Investigación de la Viña y el Vino (IIVV). Universidad de León, León
Keywords: nutrient interaction, phosphorus, potassium, grape seeds, grape skins

Abstract

Aim of study: The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of overliming with dolomitic lime on the topsoil and grapevine macro-nutritional levels (both petiole and grape tissues), as well as on berry weight and must quality properties in grapevines growing on an acid soil.

Area of study: The study was carried out in the viticultural region of El Bierzo (Spain), one of the main wine protected designation of origin in the northwest of Spain.

Material and methods: The effects of overliming were studied in soil parameters, petiole and grape tissues, as well as in must quality during three years (2014-2016). Data analysis was performed using factorial ANOVA (both parametric and non-parametric tests have been used).

Main results: The results found on the soil levels of magnesium and phosphorus were mirrored by those shown in petiole and grape tissues. Data suggest that insufficient Mg supply in vineyard acid soils could lead to a lower P vascular movement in vines. Additionally, our findings suggest that a great decrease of K levels in vine tissues as a consequence of overliming, could lead to changes in harvest quality.

Research highlights: Overliming with dolomitic limestone in large quantities decreased soil exchangeable K, as well as improved supply of exchangeable Mg and available P. Additionally Mg and P levels in both petiole and grape tissues were significantly affected by overliming.

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Author Biography

Miguel A. Olego, Instituto de Investigación de la Viña y el Vino (IIVV). Universidad de León, León
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Published
2021-08-12
How to Cite
OlegoM. A., QuirogaM. J., CuestaM., OliveiraP. A., & Garzón-JimenoJ. E. (2021). Influence of overliming vineyard acid soils on the macro-nutritional status of grapevines. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 19(3), e0903. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2021193-17638
Section
Plant production (Field and horticultural crops)