Technologies used at advanced dairy farms for optimizing the performance of dairy animals: A review

  • Amit K. Singh ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Eastern Regional Station, Livestock Production Management Section, Kalyani
  • Champak Bhakat ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Eastern Regional Station, Livestock Production Management Section, Kalyani
  • Monoj K. Ghosh ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Eastern Regional Station, Animal Nutrition Section, Kalyani
  • Tapas K. Dutta ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Eastern Regional Station, Animal Nutrition Section, Kalyani
Keywords: Applied engineering, sensors, behaviour, production, welfare


Superior germplasm, better nutrition strategies, health care facilities and improved dairy husbandry practices have boosted milk yield and its quality with a rapid rate. Per cow productivity has risen up sharply with considerable increase in the population of dairy animals. Recent era has witnessed the extension of large dairy farms around the world. Demand for high quality and increased quantity of milk is of the prime concern for all the dairy farms. With an increase in the size of animals in a farm, the labour requirement also rises up. Availability of skilled labour at low wage rate is becoming difficult. In last couple of decades, the cost of microprocessors has been reduced to an affordable level. The economic availability of engineered processors, artificial intelligence, improved data statistics combined with expert suggestions has created a revolution in livestock farming. Advanced engineered devices have become alternative to reduce high labour cost. This review focuses on latest knowledge and emerging developments in animal’s welfare focused biomarker activities and activity-based welfare assessment like oestrus, lameness and others. Use of enhanced sensors and data technologies with expert based solutions is anticipated to bring out a substantial improvement in existing dairy farming practices.


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How to Cite
SinghA. K., BhakatC., GhoshM. K., & DuttaT. K. (2021). Technologies used at advanced dairy farms for optimizing the performance of dairy animals: A review. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 19(4), e05R01.
Animal health and welfare