Short communication: Effect of subclinical mastitis on reproductive performance of Holstein dairy cows in the Northwest of Spain

  • Hafez Sadeghi University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Dept. of Theriogenology, Tehran
  • Uxía Yáñez University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Unit of Reproduction and Obstetrics, Dept. of Animal Pathology. 27002 Lugo http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5869-8147
  • Ana I. De Prado Laboratorios Calier, Barcelona
  • Faramarz Gharagozlou University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Dept. of Theriogenology, Tehran
  • Juan J. Becerra University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Unit of Reproduction and Obstetrics, Dept. of Animal Pathology. 27002 Lugo
  • Pedro G. Herradón University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Unit of Reproduction and Obstetrics, Dept. of Animal Pathology. 27002 Lugo
  • Ana I. Peña University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Unit of Reproduction and Obstetrics, Dept. of Animal Pathology. 27002 Lugo
  • Luis A. Quintela University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Unit of Reproduction and Obstetrics, Dept. of Animal Pathology. 27002 Lugo
Keywords: somatic cell count, fertility, concepcion, milk yield, dairy cattle, pregnancy loss

Abstract

Aim of study: To investigate the effect of subclinical mastitis (SCM) before and after first artificial insemination (AI), characterized by a somatic cell count (SCC) higher than 200×103 cell/mL, on reproductive performance including first service conception rate (FSCR) and pregnancy loss (PL) in Holstein dairy cows.

Area of study: The central area of Lugo, Galicia, Spain.

Material and methods: This retrospective study was conducted on herd database of a population of 80 commercial Holstein dairy cow farms. A total number of 2053 lactations were included in this study. A binary logistic regression was carried out to analyse all data.

Main results: The results of this study indicated that cows that registered a SCC lower than 200×103 cell/mL within 30 days after first AI were more likely to conceive pregnancy than cows with a higher SCC (31.2% and 25.1% FSCR, respectively; OR=1.285, 95% CI=1.000-1.653). Additionally, an increased SCC neither 30 days before nor 30 days after first AI had a negative effect on prevalence of PL in dairy cows.

Research highlights: These findings revealed that SCM within 30 days after first AI negatively affected FSCR, whilst 30 days before first AI did not affect it. Therefore, it could be suggested that preventing subclinical mastitis after first AI, during a critical period of 30 days, is important to maximize the reproductive performance of dairy cows.

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References

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Published
2021-10-29
How to Cite
SadeghiH., YáñezU., De PradoA. I., GharagozlouF., BecerraJ. J., HerradónP. G., PeñaA. I., & QuintelaL. A. (2021). Short communication: Effect of subclinical mastitis on reproductive performance of Holstein dairy cows in the Northwest of Spain. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 19(4), e04SC01. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2021194-18058
Section
Animal breeding, genetics and reproduction