Short communication: Virulence of barley leaf rust in the South of Russia in 2017-2019

  • Anastasiya V. Danilova Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution (FSBSI), Federal Research Center of Biological Plant Protection. 350039 Krasnodar-39, FRCBPP http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6009-9757
  • Galina V. Volkova Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution (FSBSI), Federal Research Center of Biological Plant Protection. 350039 Krasnodar-39, FRCBPP
Keywords: winter barley, Rph-genes, population, isolates, Puccinia hordei

Abstract

Aim of study: To analyze the structure of Puccinia hordei populations by virulence in southern Russia during 2017-2019.

Area of study: South of Russia, the leading Russian region for barley production where barley leaf rust is an important foliar disease.

Material and methods: Uredinial samples of P. hordei were collected at the production sites of winter barley in the south of Russia. Single uredinial isolates (total 95) were tested for virulence with 17 differentials with Rph resistance genes.

Main results: No isolates were found virulent to the host line with the Rph13 gene. There was a decrease in the number of fungal isolates virulent to the host lines with Rph5 and Rph7 genes. In 2017 and 2019, isolates containing a large number of virulence alleles (from 11 to 15) prevailed. In 2018, isolates with low (1-5) and medium (6-10) frequency of virulent alleles prevailed, as well as avirulent isolates. The values of the Nei index via diversity showed high similarity of the pathogen populations in 2017-2018 (N = 0.05) and minor differences in 2017-2019 and 2018-2019 (N = 0.13 and 0.16, respectively). The greatest frequency of virulence alleles in accordance with the Nei (Hs) index was noted for the 2018 population (Hs = 0.36). For the 2017 and 2019 populations, this indicator was on average Hs = 0.29 and 0.20, respectively.

Research highlights: Analysis of genetics of the P. hordei population is important for the strategy of varietal distribution in the region and development of rust-resistant cultivars.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arnst BJ, Martens JW, Wright GM, Burnet PA, Sanderson FR, 1979. Incidence, importance and virulence of Puccinia hordei on barley in New Zealand. Ann Appl Biol 92: 185-190. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1979.tb03863.x

Babayants LT, 1988. Methods of breeding and estimation of wheat and barley resistance to diseases. Prague, Czech Republic. 321 pp. (in Russian).

Cotteril PJ, Rees RG, Platz GJ, Dill-Macky R, 1992. Effects of leaf rust on selected Australian barleys. Aus J Exp Agric 32: 747-751. https://doi.org/10.1071/EA9920747

Cotterill PJ, Park RF, Rees RG, 1995. Pathogenic specialization of Puccinia hordei Otth. in Australia, 1966-1990. Aus J Agric Res 46: 127-134. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR9950127

Czembor HJ, Czember H, 2007. Leaf rust resistance in winter barley cultivars and breeding lines. Plant Breed Sci 56: 47-56.

Danilova AV, Volkova GV, Danilov RY, 2014. Leaf rust of barley (causative agent of Puccinia hordei Otth.) in the North Caucasus: distribution and racial composition. KubSAU 101: 1131-1141.

Danilova AV, Volkova GV, 2015. Barley leaf rust is a progressive disease. Plant Prot Quarant 7: 46-48.

Dinh HX, Singh D, Periyannan S, Park RF, 2020. Molecular genetics of leaf rust resistance in wheat and barley. Theor Appl Genet 133: 2035-2050. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-020-03570-8

Dreiseitl A, Steffenson BJ, 2000. Postulation of leaf-rust resistance genes in Czech and Slovak barley cultivars and breeding lines. Plant Breed 119: 211-214. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-0523.2000.00495.x

Dyakov YT, 1998. Population biology of phytopathogenic fungi. Muravey, Moscow. 382 pp. (in Russian)

Fazlikhan L, Keilwagen J, Kopahnke D, Deising H, Ordon F, Perovicm D, 2019. High resolution mapping of RphMBR1012 conferring resistance to Puccinia hordei in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Front Plant Sci 10: 640. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00640

Golan T, Anikster Y, Moseman JG, Wahl I. 1978. A new virulent strain of Puccinia hordei. Euphytica 27: 185-189. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00039134

Griffey CA, Das MK, Baldwin RE, Waldenmaier CM, 1994. Yield losses in winter barley resulting from a new race of Puccinia hordei in North America. Plant Dis 78: 256-260. https://doi.org/10.1094/PD-78-0256

Jenkins JE, Melville SC, Jemmett JL, 1972. The effect of fungicides on leaf diseases and on yield in spring barley in south-west England. Plant Pathol 21: 49-58. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.1972.tb01723.x

Jost M, Singh D, Lagudah E, Park RF, Dracatos P, 2020. Fine mapping of leaf rust resistance gene Rph13 from wild barley. Theor Appl Genet 133(6): 1887-1895. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-020-03564-6

Kosman E, Leonard KJ, 2007. Conceptual analysis of methods applied to assessment of diversity within and distance between populations with asexual or mixed mode of reproduction. New Phytol 174(3): 683-696. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02031.x

Levine MN, Cherewick WJ, 1952. Studies on dwarf leaf rust of barley. Tech Bull 1056: 1-17.

Mathre DE, 1982. Compendium of barley disease. APS Press. St Paul, MN, USA. 78 pp.

Melville SC, Griffin GW, Jemmett JL, 1976. Effects of fungicide spraying on brown rust and yield in spring barley. Plant Pathol 25: 99-107. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.1976.tb01932.x

Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, 2020. Review of phytosanitary state of agricultural crops in the Russian Federation in 2019 and forecast of development of harmful objects in 2020. Federal State Budgetary Institution "Rosselkhoztsentr", Moscow.

Murray GM, Brennan JP, 2009. The current and potential costs from diseases of barley in Australia. GRDC. https://grdc.com.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0026/203957/disease-loss-wheat.pdf.pdf

Nei M, 1978. Estimation of average heterozygosity and genetic distance from a small number of individuals. Genetics 89(3): 583-590. https://doi.org/10.1093/genetics/89.3.583

Novozhilov KV, Zakharenko VA, 2000. Levels and tendencies of changes in species composition and intrapopulation structure, areas of complexes of harmful and beneficial organisms and forecast of dangerous phytosanitary situations by zones of the country; Novozhilova KV & Zakharenko VA (eds). St. Petersburg, Russia. 100 pp.

Parlevliet JE, Van Der Beek JG, Pieters R, 1981. Presence in Morocco of brown rust, Puccinia hordei, with a wide range of virulence to barley. Cereal Rusts Bull 9: 3-8.

Park RF, Golegaonkar PG, Derevnina L, Sandhu KS, Karaoglu H, Elmansour HM, et al., 2015. Leaf rust of cultivated barley: Pathology and control. Annu Rev Phytopathol 53: 565-589. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-phyto-080614-120324

Semeane Y, Hundie B, Woldeab G, Tadesse D, 1996. Disease survey and loss assessment studies on barley. In: Barley research in Ethiopia: Past work and future prospects; Gebre H & van Leur J (eds.), IAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp: 105-115.

Singh D, Mehnaz M, Dracatos P, Park RF, 2020. Australian barley cultivar pedigree and leaf rust seedling and adult plant resistance genotype information. Cereal Rust Report 17(1): 1-9.

Steffenson BJ, Jin Y, Griffey CA. 1993. Pathotypes of Puccinia hordei with virulence for the barley leaf rust resistance gene Rph7 in the United States. Plant Dis 77: 867-869. https://doi.org/10.1094/PD-77-0867

van Niekerk BD, Pretorius ZA, Boshoff WHP, 2001. Occurrence and pathogenicity of Puccinia hordei on barley in South Africa. Plant Dis 85: 713-717. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.7.713

Volkova GV, Kudinova OA, Gladkova EA, Vaganova OF, Danilova AV, Matveeva IP, 2018. Virulence of populations of rust pathogens in cereal crops. ARIBPP, Krasnodar, Russia. 38 pp.

Volkova GV, Danilova AV, Kudinova OA, 2019. Virulence of the population of the causative agent of barley leaf rust in the North Caucasus in 2014-2017. Agr Biol 54 (3): 589-596. https://doi.org/10.15389/agrobiology.2019.3.589eng

Woldeab G, Fininsa C, Singh H, Yuen J, 2006. Virulence spectrum of Puccinia hordei in barley production systems in Ethiopia. Plant Pathol 55: 351-357. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2006.01357.x

Zadoks JC, Chang TT, Konzak CF, 1974. A decimal code for the growth stages of cereals. Weed Res 14: 415-421. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.1974.tb01084.x

Published
2021-12-22
How to Cite
DanilovaA. V., & Volkova G. V. (2021). Short communication: Virulence of barley leaf rust in the South of Russia in 2017-2019. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 20(1), e10SC01. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2022201-18337
Section
Plant protection