Short communication: Zizyphus fruit fly (Carpomya incompleta (Becker), Diptera: Tephritidae) is expanding its range in Europe
Aim of study: To identify a new pest of jujube reported by the farmers in Spain.
Area of study: The Iberian Peninsula (Spain).
Material and methods: The insects were identified according to the mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit I (COI) gene and the main morphological features of this tephritid species, including the ocellar seta, the mesonotum and apical crossband in winds.
Main results: Based on morphological characterization the insects were identified as Carpomya incompleta (Becker) (Diptera: Tephritidae), which was confirmed by the phylogenetic analysis with more than 94% of identity. Besides, the distance analysis showed very low intraspecific divergence in C. incompleta sequences.
Research highlights: We report the presence of the zizyphus fruit fly in Spain for the first time. This presence has been reported to the Early Warning Systems on Alien Invasive Species of the Andalusian Government (Spain).
Abdel-Galil FA, Rizk MM, Temerak SA, Darwish DY, 2014. Studies on the parasitoid Opius concolor Sźepligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), associated with zizyphus fruit fly, Carpomyia incompleta Becker (Diptera: Tephritidae). Arch Phytopathol Plant Prot 47: 665-674. https://doi.org/10.1080/03235408.2013.817161
Abdel-Galil FA, Amro MA, Mohamed DS, El-Kousy EM, 2019. The potential effects of entomopathogenic fungus, Beauveria bassiana (Bals.-Criv.) Vuill., on certain genera of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) under laboratory conditions. J Basic Appl Mycol 10: 1-7.
Al-Masudey AD, Al-Yousuf AA, 2013. Effect of jujube fruit cultivars on chemical control of jujabe fruit fly Carpomyia incompleta. Kufa J Agric Sci 5: 111-124.
Barr NB, 2009. Pathway analysis of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) using mitochondrial DNA. J Econ Entomol 102: 401-411. https://doi.org/10.1603/029.102.0153
CABI, 2022. Invasive species compendium. https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/11408.
El Harym Y, Belqat B, 2017. First checklist of the fruit flies of Morocco, including new records (Diptera, Tephritidae). ZooKeys 702: 137-171. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.702.13368
EPPO, 2016. PM 7/129 (1) DNA barcoding as an identification tool for a number of regulated pests. EPPO Bull 46: 501-537. https://doi.org/10.1111/epp.12344
EPPO, 2022. EPPO Platform on PRAs. https://pra.eppo.int/pra/692f2cbd-3988-4148-99f0-2bc953310751.
Felsenstein J, 1985. Confidence limits on phylogenies: An approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39: 783-791. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.1985.tb00420.x
Guo S, Ge X, Zou Y, Zhou Y, Wang T, Zong S, 2019. Projecting the potential global distribution of Carpomya vesuviana (Diptera: Tephritidae), considering climate change and irrigation patterns. Forests 10: 355-376. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10040355
Jamil RM, Al-Yousuf AA, Al-Doughachy R, 2004. Study of preparation of insecticide carbaryl linked to urea formaldeyde resin and its effectivity on the infection of Ziziphus plant with insect Tarucus rosacus. Basrah J Agric Sci 17: 209-222.
Jiang F, Liang L, Li Z, Yu Y, Wang J, Wu Y, Zhu S, 2018. A conserved motif within cox 2 allows broad detection of economically important fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). Sci Rep 8: 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-20555-2
Karimi J, Darsouei R, 2014. Presence of the endosymbiont Wolbachia among some fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) from Iran: A multilocus sequence typing approach. J Asia Pac Entomol 17: 105-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aspen.2013.11.002
Kimura M, 1980. A simple method for estimating evolutionary rate of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. J Mol Evol 16: 111-120. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01731581
Korneyev VA, Mishustin RI, Korneyev SV, 2017. The Carpomyini fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of Europe, Caucasus, and Middle East: new records of pests, with improved keys. Vestn Zool 51: 453-470. https://doi.org/10.2478/vzoo-2017-0056
Kumar S, Stecher G, Li M, Knyaz C, Tamura K, 2018. MEGA X: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis across computing platforms. Mol Biol Evol 35: 1547-1549. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msy096
Kunprom C, Pramual P, 2019. DNA barcoding of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Thailand: ambiguity, misidentification and cryptic diversity. Mitochondrial DNA A 30: 861-873. https://doi.org/10.1080/24701394.2019.1693550
Morsy MAA, 1971. Studies on certain fruit pests in Upper Egypt. M. Sc. Thesis, Fac. Agric. Assiut Univ. Egypt. 67 pp.
Pollini A, 2012. Il principali parassiti che possono attaccare le specie da frutto minori. Vita in Campagna 7-8: 29-32.
Pollini A, Cravedi P, 2014. Carpomya vesuviana A. Costa (Diptera Tephritidae Trypetinae Carpomyini) from jujube tree in Emilia-Romagna (Northern Italy). Redia 97: 117-118.
Qin Y, Paini DR, Wang C, Fang Y, Li Z, 2015. Global establishment risk of economically important fruit fly species (Tephritidae). PloS One 10: e0116424. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116424
Radonjić S, Hrnčić S, Perović T, 2019. Overview of fruit flies important for fruit production on the Montenegro seacoast. Biotechnol Agron Soc Environ 23: 46-56. https://doi.org/10.25518/1780-4507.17776
Rizk MM, Temerak SA, Abdel-Galil FA, Darwish DY, 2014. Toxicity and persistence of Spinosad® (Conserve 0.024% and Tracer 24%) to Zizyphus fruit fly, Carpomyia incompleta Becker (Diptera: Tephritidae), under laboratory conditions. Arch Phytopathol Plant Prot 47: 1666-1674. https://doi.org/10.1080/03235408.2013.853914
Stecher G, Tamura K, Kumar S, 2020. Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MEGA) for MacOS. Mol Biol Evol 37(4): 1237-1239. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msz312
White IM, Elson-Harris MM, 1992. Fruit flies of economic significance: their identification and bionomics. CAB, Wallingford, UK, 601 pp. https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851987903.0000
Copyright (c) 2022 INIA-CSIC
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
© CSIC. Manuscripts published are the property of Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.
SJAR is an Open Access Journal. All articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the basic information and the legal text of the license. The indication of the license CC-by must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.