Analysis of vineyard differential management zones and relation to vine development, grape maturity and quality

  • J. A. Martinez-Casasnovas University of Lleida, Department of Environment and Soil Science, Av. Rovira Roure 191, E25198 Lleida
  • J. Agelet-Fernandez University of Lleida, Department of Environment and Soil Science, Av. Rovira Roure 191, E25198 Lleida
  • J. Arno University of Lleida, Department of Agro–Forestry Engineering. University of Lleida. Av. Rovira Roure 191, 25198 Lleida
  • M. C. Ramos University of Lleida, Department of Environment and Soil Science, Av. Rovira Roure 191, E25198 Lleida
Keywords: cluster analysis, differential management zones, NDVI, precision viticulture, selective harvesting, yield maps


The objective of research was to analyse the potential of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) maps from satellite images, yield maps and grapevine fertility and load variables to delineate zones with different wine grape properties for selective harvesting. Two vineyard blocks located in NE Spain (Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah) were analysed. The NDVI was computed from a Quickbird-2 multi-spectral image at veraison (July 2005). Yield data was acquired by means of a yield monitor during September 2005. Other variables, such as the number of buds, number of shoots, number of wine grape clusters and weight of 100 berries were sampled in a 10 rows × 5 vines pattern and used as input variables, in combination with the NDVI, to define the clusters as alternative to yield maps. Two days prior to the harvesting, grape samples were taken. The analysed variables were probable alcoholic degree, pH of the juice, total acidity, total phenolics, colour, anthocyanins and tannins. The input variables, alone or in combination, were clustered (2 and 3 Clusters) by using the ISODATA algorithm, and an analysis of variance and a multiple rang test were performed. The results show that the zones derived from the NDVI maps are more effective to differentiate grape maturity and quality variables than the zones derived from the yield maps. The inclusion of other grapevine fertility and load variables did not improve the results.


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How to Cite
Martinez-CasasnovasJ. A., Agelet-FernandezJ., ArnoJ., & RamosM. C. (2012). Analysis of vineyard differential management zones and relation to vine development, grape maturity and quality. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(2), 326-337.
Agricultural engineering