Soil physical properties and root activity in a soybean second crop/maize rotation under direct sowing and conventional tillage
Keywords: Glycine max, Zea mays, Crop rotation, Conventional tillage, Zero tillage, Soil chemicophysical properties, Soil fertility, Tracer techniques, Crop yield, Argentina
AbstractSoil degradation is the result of interactions involving the soil itself, human activity, climate, relief, and vegetation. These can lead to changes in or even the loss of certain characteristics of the soil, reducing its present and future productive capacity. The aim of this study was to determine the behaviour of a number of soil physical variables and total organic carbon content, as well as the root activity and yield of crops grown in rotation (soybean in 1998/1999 and maize in 1999/2000) under direct sowing (DS) and conventional tillage (CT) conditions. Root activity was assessed using an isotopic methodology involving the uptake of 32P. The root activity of the soybean crop, which grew under normal rainfall conditions, was greater under CT conditions. That of the maize crop, which grew when rainfall was well below normal, was greater under DS conditions. Bulk density was higher and total porosity lower in the upper 0.10 m of the soil in the DS plots. Conventional tillage led to lower penetration resistance values in the upper layers of the soil profile. No differences in soil total organic carbon were found between the two tillage systems. The soil water content of the upper soil layers was higher under DS. The yield of the soybean crop under CT was 57% higher than under DS. The yield of maize was affected by water deficiency; higher yields were obtained with DS than with CT.
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BarriosM., BozzoA., DebelisS., PereyraA., & BujánA. (2006). Soil physical properties and root activity in a soybean second crop/maize rotation under direct sowing and conventional tillage. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 4(4), 355-362. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2006044-212
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