Fatty acid composition of muscle and adipose tissues of organic and conventional Blanca Andaluza suckling kids
AbstractInterest in the preservation of autochthonous breeds such as the Blanca Andaluza goat (meat breed), raised under grazing-based management, has recently increased among Spanish farmers. A study of the possibilities of transformation to organic production needs to analyze the quality of their products. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fatty acid (FA) composition of muscle and adipose tissues of Blanca Andaluza goat kids under organic and conventional grazing–based management system. Twenty-four twin kids (12 males, 12 females) were selected from each system. The FA profile was determined in the longissimus thoracis muscle, kidney and pelvic fat. The percentages of C17:0, C17:1, C20:1, C20:4 n-6, C22:2 and several n-3 FAs were higher in organic meat; C12:0, C18:1 trans-11, CLA and C20:5 n-3 were lower in organic meat. The fat depots from the conventional kids showed lower percentages of C12:0, C14:0, C15:0, C17:0, C17:1, C18:3 n-3 and atherogenicity index, and higher percentage of C18:0. In the pelvic fat, the conventional kids displayed lower percentages of C16:0, C18:2 n-6 cis, PUFA, n-3 and n-6 FAs, and greater percentages of C18:1 n-9 cis and MUFA. The conventional kids displayed a major n6:n3 ratio in the kidney fat. No gender differences were observed. Significant differences were found only in some FA percentages of muscle and adipose tissues of suckling kids raised in organic and conventional livestock production systems, and due to this reason conventional grazing–based management farms could easily be transformed into organic production.
Addis M, Cabiddu A, Pinna G, Decandia M, Piredda G, Pirisi A, Molle G, 2005. Milk and cheese fatty acid composition in sheep fed Mediterranean forages with reference to conjugated linoleic acid cis-9, trans-11. J Dairy Sci 88: 3443-3454. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(05)73028-9
Aldai N, Osoro K, Barron LJR, Nájera AI, 2006. Gas-liquid chromatographic method for analysing complex mixtures of fatty acids including conjugated linoleic acids (cis9-trans11 and trans10-cis12 isomers) and long-chain (n-3 or n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids - Application to the intramuscular fat of beef meat. J Chromatography 1110(A): 133-139.
Banskalieva V, Sahlu T, Goetsch AL, 2000. Fatty acid composition of goat muscle fat depots. A review. Small Rumin Res 37: 255-268. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-4488(00)00128-0
Bas P, Morand-Fehr P, 2000. Effect of nutritional factors on fatty acid composition of lamb fat deposits. Livest Prod Sci 64: 61-79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0301-6226(00)00176-7
Bas P, Dahbi E, El Aich A, Morand-Fehr P, Araba A, 2005. Effect of feeding on fatty acid composition of muscles and adipose tissues in young goats raised in the Argan tree forest of Morocco. Meat Sci 71: 317-326. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2005.04.018 PMid:22064232
BOE, 2006. APA/661/2006, Order of 3 March, by replacing the annex to Royal Decree 1682/1997 of 7 November, which updates the Catalog Livestock Breeds of Spain. Boletín Oficial del Estado 59, 10 March 2006, pp: 9656-9657. [In Spanish].
BOE, 2007. Spanish Animal Welfare Act 32/2007: Caring of animals during the production time, transport, experimentation and slaughter time. Boletín Oficial del Estado 268, 8 November 2007, pp: 45914-45920. [In Spanish].
Colomer-Rocher F, Morand-Fehr P, Kirton H, 1987. Standard methods and procedures for goat carcass evaluation, jointing and tissue separation. Livest Prod Sci 17: 149-159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0301-6226(87)90060-1
De La Vega F, Guzmán J.L, Delgado-Pertí-ez M, L. A. Zarazaga L.A, Argüello A, 2013. Fatty acid composition of muscle and internal fat depots of organic and conventional Payoya goat kids. Span J Agric Res 11(3) [In press].
Delgado-Pertí-ez M, Gutiérrez-Pe-a R, Mena Y, Fernández-Cabanás VM, Laberye D, 2013. Milk production, fatty acid composition and vitamin E content of Payoya goats according to grazing level in summer on Mediterranean shrublands. Small Rumin Res [In press]. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2013.06.001
EC, 2007. Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 2092/91. DO L 189, 20-7-2007.
Horcada A, Ripoll G, Alcalde M.J., Sa-udo C, Teixeira A, Panea B, 2012. Fatty acid profile of three adipose depots in seven Spanish breeds of suckling kids. Meat Sci 92: 89-96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2012.04.018 PMid:22578476
Kramer JKG, Cruz-Hernandez C, Deng ZY, Zhou JQ, Jahreis G, Dugan MER, 2004. Analysis of conjugated linoleic acid and trans 18:1 isomers in synthetic and animal products. Am J Clin Nut 79(6): 1137-1145.
MacRae J, O’Reilly L, Morgan P, 2005. Desirable characteristics of animal products from a human health perspective. Livest Prod Sci 94: 95-103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.livprodsci.2004.11.030
Mahgoub O, Khan AJ, Al-Maqbaly RS, Al-Sabahi JN, Annamalai K, Al-Sakry NM, 2002. Fatty acid composition of muscle and fat tissues of Omani Jebel Akhdar goats of different sexes and weights. Meat Sci 61: 381-387. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(01)00208-X
MAGRAMA, 2011. Anuario de estadísticas agrarias on-line 2011. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino. Available in http://www.magrama.gob.es/estadistica/pags/anuario/2011/AE_2011_15.pdf. Consulted in July, 2013.
MAGRAMA, 2012. Informe ovino-caprino on-line 2012. Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente. Available in http://www.magrama.gob.es/es/estadistica/temas/estadisticas-agrarias/Informe_de_Ovino-Caprino_2012_tcm7-286211.pdf. Consulted in July, 2013.
Mancilla-Leytón JM., Martín Vicente A, Delgado-Pertí-ez M, 2013. Summer diet selection of dairy goats grazing in a Mediterranean shrubland and the quality of secreted fat. Small Rumin Res 113: 437-445. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2013.04.010
Mena Y, Ligero M, Ruiz FA, Nahed J, Castel JM, Acosta JM, Guzmán JL, 2009a. Organic and conventional dairy goat production systems in Andalusian mountainous areas. Opt Méditerr A 91: 253-256.
Mena Y, Nahed J, Ruiz FA, Castel JM, Ligero M, 2009b. Proximity to the organic model of dairy goat systems in the Andalusian mountains (Spain). Trop Subtrop Agroec 11: 69-73.
Nudda A, Palmquist DL, Battacone G, Fancellu S, Rassu SPG, Pulina G, 2008. Relationships between the contents of vaccenic acid, CLA and n-3 fatty acids of goat milk and the muscle of their suckling kids. Livest Sci 118: 195-203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2008.01.020
Pajor F, Gallo O, Steiber O, Tasi J, Poti P, 2009. The effect of grazing on the composition of conjugated linoleic acid isomers and other fatty acids of milk and cheese in goats. J Anim Feed Sci 18(3): 429-439.
Potchoiba MJ, Lu CD, Pinkerton F, Sahlu T, 1990. Effects of all-milk diet on weight gain, organ development, carcass characteristics and tissue composition, including fatty acids and cholesterol contents, of growing male goats. Small Rumin Res 3(6): 583-592. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0921-4488(90)90053-9
Ruiz FA, Castel JM, Mena Y, Camú-ez J, González-Redondo P, 2008. Application of the technico-economic analysis for characterizing, making diagnoses and improving pastoral dairy goat systems in Andalusia (Spain). Small Rumin Res 77: 208-220. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2008.03.007
Santos VAC, Silva AO, Cardoso JVF, Silvestre AJD, Silva SR, Martins C, Azevedo JMT, 2007. Genotype and sex effects on carcass and meat quality of suckling kids protected by the PGI ''Cabrito de Barroso''. Meat Sci 75: 725-736. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2006.10.003 PMid:22064038
Sanz Sampelayo MR, Fernández JR, Ramos E, Hermoso R, Gil Extremera F, Boza J, 2006. Effect of providing a polyunsaturated fatty acid-rich protected fat to lactating goats on growth and body composition of suckling goat kids. Anim Sci 82: 337-344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/ASC200646
Sanz Sampelayo MR, Chilliard Y, Schmidely Ph, Boza J, 2007. Influence of type of diet on the fat constituents of goat and sheep milk. Small Rumin Res 68: 42-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2006.09.017
Simopoulos AP, 2002. The importance of the ratio of omega-6/omega-3 essential fatty acids. Biomed Pharmacother 56: 365-379. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0753-3322(02)00253-6
Sukhija PS, Palmquist DL, 1988. Rapid method of determination of total fatty acid content and composition of feedstuff and faeces. J Agr Food Chem 36: 1202-1206. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf00084a019
Talpur FN, Bhanger MI, Sherazi STH, 2008. Intramuscular fatty acid profile of longissimus dorsi and semitendinosus muscle from Pateri goats fed under traditional feeding systems of SINDO, Pakistan. Meat Sci 80: 819-822. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2008.03.028 PMid:22063602
Todaro M, Corrao A, Alicata ML, Schinelli R, Giaccone P, Priolo A, 2004. Effects of litter size and sex on meat quality traits of kid meat. Small Rumin Res 54: 191-196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2003.11.011
Tsiplakou E, Mountzouris KC, Zervas G, 2006. Concentration of conjugated linoleic acid in grazing sheep and goat milk fat. Lives Sci 103: 74-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2006.01.010
Ulbricht TLV, Southgate DAT, 1991. Coronary heart disease: seven dietary factors. The Lancet 338: 49-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(91)91846-M
Vasta V, Pennisi P, Lanza M, 2007. Intramuscular fatty acid composition of lambs given a tanniniferous diet with or without polyethylene glycol supplementation. Meat Sci 76: 739-745. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2007.02.015 PMid:22061252
Vasta V, Ya-ez-Ruiz RD, Mele M, Serra A, Luciano G, Lanza M, Biondi L, Priolo A, 2010. Bacterial and protozoal communities and fatty acid profile in the rumen of sheep fed a diet containing added tannins. Appl Environ Microbiol 76(8): 2549-2555. http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02583-09 PMid:20173064 PMCid:PMC2849217
Wood JD, Enser M, Fisher AV, Nute GR, Sheard PR, Richardson RI, Hughes SI, Whittington FM, 2008. Fat deposition, fatty acid composition and meat quality: A review. Meat Sci 78: 343-358. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2007.07.019 PMid:22062452
WHO, 1995. Fats and oils in human nutrition: report of a joint expert consultation. FAO and the World Health Organization. FAO Food Nutr Pap 57: 1-147.
WHO, 2010. Fats and oils in human nutrition: report of an expert consultation. FAO and the World Health Organization. FAO Food Nutr Pap 91: 1-166. PMid:21812367
© CSIC. Manuscripts published are the property of Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.
SJAR is an Open Access Journal. All articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the basic information and the legal text of the license. The indication of the license CC-by must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.