Identification and antifungal activity of an actinomycete strain against Alternaria spp.

  • Fen Gao The Institute of Applied Chemistry, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006
  • Yuanhua Wu College of Plant Protection, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110161
  • Mengliang Wang The Institute of Applied Chemistry, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006
Keywords: antagonistic actinomycete, tobacco brown spot, polyphasic taxonomical, Streptomyces microflavus

Abstract

Alternaria alternata (Fries) Keissler is a phytopathogenic fungus responsible for tobacco brown spot disease. This study aims to evaluate the antifungal activity of strain 163 against A. alternata and clarify its taxonomic status. The evaluation of the antifungal activity of strain 163 and its bacteria-free filtrate of fermentation broth was done through measuring the diameters of inhibition zones, and testing the antimicrobial spectrum and the inhibition effect on mycelial growth in vitro. The biocontrol activity of the bacteria-free filtrate in vivo was evaluated by using detached tobacco leaves method and assaying the inhibition rate to disease incidence in growth chamber. A polyphasic approach was taken in the identification of strain 163. The bacterial strain 163 showed inhibitory effect in vitro against A. alternata. The bacteria-free filtrate of the strain 163 fermentation broth showed a 56.7% inhibition rate in a detached leaf assay. In growth chamber conditions, it showed greater biocontrol activity when applied before plants being inoculated with A. alternata than after, the inhibition rate being 46.05%. Investigations into the morphological, cultural, physiological and biochemical properties of strain 163 found it to be most similar to Streptomyces microflavus. Its classification into cell wall type I and sugar type C further confirmed its Streptomyces characteristics. Construction of a phylogenetic tree based on 16S rDNA verified that strain 163 was most closely related to Streptomyces microflavus. From polyphasic taxonomical analysis, strain 163 was found to be identical to S. microflavus.

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References

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Published
2014-10-09
How to Cite
GaoF., WuY., & WangM. (2014). Identification and antifungal activity of an actinomycete strain against Alternaria spp. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 12(4), 1158-1165. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2014124-5547
Section
Plant protection