An improved contour symmetry axes extraction algorithm and its application in the location of picking points of apples

  • Dandan Wang College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100
  • Huaibo Song College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100
  • Xiuli Yu College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100
  • Weiyuan Zhang College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100
  • Weifeng Qu College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100
  • Yue Xu College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100
Keywords: picking robot, fruit picking point, symmetry axes extraction, moment of inertia, convex hull

Abstract

The key problem for picking robots is to locate the picking points of fruit. A method based on the moment of inertia and symmetry of apples is proposed in this paper to locate the picking points of apples. Image pre-processing procedures, which are crucial to improving the accuracy of the location, were carried out to remove noise and smooth the edges of apples. The moment of inertia method has the disadvantage of high computational complexity, which should be solved, so convex hull was used to improve this problem. To verify the validity of this algorithm, a test was conducted using four types of apple images containing 107 apple targets. These images were single and unblocked apple images, single and blocked apple images, images containing adjacent apples, and apples in panoramas. The root mean square error values of these four types of apple images were 6.3, 15.0, 21.6 and 18.4, respectively, and the average location errors were 4.9°, 10.2°, 16.3° and 13.8°, respectively. Furthermore, the improved algorithm was effective in terms of average runtime, with 3.7 ms and 9.2 ms for single and unblocked and single and blocked apple images, respectively. For the other two types of apple images, the runtime was determined by the number of apples and blocked apples contained in the images. The results showed that the improved algorithm could extract symmetry axes and locate the picking points of apples more efficiently. In conclusion, the improved algorithm is feasible for extracting symmetry axes and locating the picking points of apples.

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Published
2015-02-12
How to Cite
WangD., SongH., YuX., ZhangW., QuW., & XuY. (2015). An improved contour symmetry axes extraction algorithm and its application in the location of picking points of apples. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 13(1), e0205. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2015131-6181
Section
Agricultural engineering