The competitive advantage of the Tunisian palm date sector in the Mediterranean region

  • Rihab Ben-Amor Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, ETSIA, Dept. Economía de la Empresa/Dept. Ingeniería de Alimentos y del Equipamiento Agrícola. Paseo Alfonso XIII 48. 32003 Cartagena (Murcia)
  • Encarnación Aguayo Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, ETSIA, Dept. Ingeniería de Alimentos y del Equipamiento Agrícola. Paseo Alfonso XIII 48. 32003 Cartagena (Murcia)
  • M. Dolores de Miguel-Gómez Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, ETSIA, Dept. Economía de la Empresa. Paseo Alfonso XIII 48. 32003 Cartagena (Murcia)
Keywords: competitiveness indices, date-producing sector, varieties, export-import, Tunisia

Abstract

In Tunisia, date-palm cultivation and production are of clear strategic importance in terms of economic, social and environmental development. However, the globalization of markets has had a huge impact on the traditional concept of the comparative advantage enjoyed by Tunisia in date exports, highlighting the necessary determinants for competitiveness in the international scenario. In fact, an analysis of the competitive advantage of the Tunisian date industry in the Mediterranean area and Iran over the last 20 years shows that Tunisia is still the main supplier of dates to the EU. The Deglet-Nour variety, in particular, puts Tunisia ahead of traditional competitors such as Algeria and Iran, with average of competitiveness indices as BIS 6405.99, DI 17.38, CMS 41.04 and TBI 99.50 are more stable than those countries during the studied period. But it is currently facing new competitors like Israel and re-exporting countries like France. New business strategies (conditioning, new non-chemical treatments, packing, opening new markets, new distribution channels) would be positive responses to tackle current market limitations, the emergence of new producers and restrictive EU policies.

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Author Biography

M. Dolores de Miguel-Gómez, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, ETSIA, Dept. Economía de la Empresa. Paseo Alfonso XIII 48. 32003 Cartagena (Murcia)

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Published
2015-05-29
How to Cite
Ben-AmorR., AguayoE., & de Miguel-GómezM. D. (2015). The competitive advantage of the Tunisian palm date sector in the Mediterranean region. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 13(2), e0101. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2015132-6390
Section
Agricultural economics