Search for potential vectors of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’: population dynamics in host crops

  • Gabriela Teresani Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA). Centro de Protección Vegetal y Biotecnología. 46113 Moncada, Valencia
  • Estrella Hernández Instituto Canario de Investigaciones Agrarias (ICIA). Dept. Protección Vegetal. 38270 La Laguna, Tenerife
  • Edson Bertolini Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA). Centro de Protección Vegetal y Biotecnología. 46113 Moncada, Valencia
  • Felipe Siverio Instituto Canario de Investigaciones Agrarias (ICIA). Dept. Protección Vegetal. 38270 La Laguna, Tenerife
  • Carlos Marroquín Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA). Centro de Protección Vegetal y Biotecnología. 46113 Moncada, Valencia
  • Jonathan Molina Instituto Canario de Investigaciones Agrarias (ICIA). Dept. Protección Vegetal. 38270 La Laguna, Tenerife
  • Alfonso Hermoso de Mendoza Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA). Centro de Protección Vegetal y Biotecnología. 46113 Moncada, Valencia
  • Mariano Cambra Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA). Centro de Protección Vegetal y Biotecnología. 46113 Moncada, Valencia
Keywords: sticky plant, squash real-time PCR, Bactericera trigonica, Bactericera tremblayi, Bactericera nigricornis

Abstract

Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ has recently been reported to be associated with vegetative disorders and economic losses in carrot and celery crops in Spain. The bacterium is a carrot seedborne pathogen and it is transmitted by psyllid vector species. From 2011 to 2014 seasonal and occasional surveys in carrot, celery and potato plots were performed. The sticky plant method was used to monitor the arthropods that visited the plants. The collected arthropods were classified into Aphididae and Cicadellidae, and the superfamily Psylloidea was identified to the species level. The superfamily Psylloidea represented 35.45% of the total arthropods captured on celery in Villena and 99.1% on carrot in Tenerife (Canary Islands). The maximum flight of psyllid species was in summer, both in mainland Spain and the Canary Islands, reaching a peak of 570 specimens in August in Villena and 6,063 in July in Tenerife. The main identified psyllid species were as follows: Bactericera trigonica Hodkinson, B. tremblayi Wagner and B. nigricornis Förster. B. trigonica represented more than 99% of the psyllids captured in the Canary Islands and 75% and 38% in 2011 and 2012 in Villena, respectively. In addition, Trioza urticae Linnaeus, Bactericera sp., Ctenarytaina sp., Cacopsylla sp., Trioza sp. and Psylla sp. were captured. ‘Ca. L. solanacearum’ targets were detected by squash real-time PCR in 19.5% of the psyllids belonging to the different Bactericera species. This paper reports at least three new psyllid species that carry the bacterium and can be considered as potential vectors.

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Published
2015-01-30
How to Cite
TeresaniG., HernándezE., BertoliniE., SiverioF., MarroquínC., MolinaJ., Hermoso de MendozaA., & CambraM. (2015). Search for potential vectors of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’: population dynamics in host crops. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 13(1), e1002. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2015131-6551
Section
Plant protection