Impact of water stress and nutrition on Vitis vinifera cv. ‘Albariño’: Soil-plant water relationships, cumulative effects and productivity

Keywords: fertigation, leaf-water potential, phenological stage, soil water content, water activity meter, water stress integral

Abstract

The objective of the present study is to apply different systems of fertigation (rainfed, R; surface drip irrigation, DI, and subsurface drip irrigation, SDI) in Vitis vinifera (L.) cv. ‘Albariño’ to evaluate the cumulative effect of water stress (water stress integral) on yield parameters and to establish the relationship between indices and production. The study was conducted over four years (2010-2013) in a commercial vineyard (Galicia, NW Spain). The volumetric soil water content (θ) (with TDR) and predawn (ψp), midday (ψm) and stem (ψstem) leaf-water potential were determined with a water activity meter during the growing stages (flowering-harvest) from 2010-2013. The number of clusters, their weight and yield/vine were determined at harvest. Must composition was studied to evaluate nutrition treatments. Ψp is presented as the best indicator of the water status of the plant, and the sole use of θ is not recommended as a reference. The soil-plant water status variables were strongly correlated, especially between foliar variables (0.91<R2<0.98), with θ presenting the lowest reliability (0.28<R2<0.81). SDI was the treatment with the highest hydric comfort and greater yield/vine (6.1 kg) and weight per cluster (95.0 g), but lower elements concentration in must. The water stress integral showed that the veraison and harvest stages were very sensitive to water stress in vines. Linear relationships were established between Sψp and W (R2=0.65) and Y (R2=0.56) at veraison. The water stress integral is presented as a useful working tool for vine growers because it allows the prediction of future yield at early phenological states.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Allen RG, Pereira LS, Raes D, Smith M, 1998. Crop evapotranspiration. Guidelines for computing crop water requirements. Irrig Drain Paper 56. FAO, Rome, Italy.

Améglio T, Archer P, Cohen M, Valancogne C, Daudet FA, Dayau S, Cruiziat P, 1999. Significance and limits in the use of predawn leaf water potential for tree irrigation. Plant Soil 207: 155-167. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1026415302759

Asenjo JL, Yuste J, 2003. Estimación del estado hídrico del suelo por tensiometría y volumetría y su relación con el estado hídrico del viñedo. Proc VI Jornadas sobre Investigación de la Zona no Saturada del Suelo; Álvarez-Benedí J, Marinero P (eds.). pp: 177-180.Valladolid, Spain. http://www.zonanosaturada.com/publics/V6/p177-180.pdf.

Baeza P, Sánchez-de Miguel P, Centeno A, Junquera P, Linares R, Lissarrague JR, 2007. Water relations between leaf water potential, photosynthesis and agronomic vine response as a tool for establishing thresholds in irrigation scheduling. Sci Hort 114: 151-158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2007.06.012

Baggiolini M, 1952. Les stades repères dans le développement annuel de la vigne et leur utilisation pratique. Rev Romande Agric Vitic Arboric 8: 4-6.

Berrios JG, 2010. Evaluación de técnicas de mantenimiento del suelo en viñedos de Ribeira Sacra y Rías Baixas (Galicia). Doctoral Thesis, Univ. Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Spain.

Bravdo B, 2008. Nutrient management in table and wine grapes by fertigation. Acta Hort 785: 165-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.785.20

Bravdo B, Proebsting EI, 1993. Use of drip irrigation in orchards. HortTechnology 3(1): 44-49.

Cancela JJ, Fandiño M, Martínez EM, Rey BJ, 2012. Influencia de la fertirrigación en los parámetros organolépticos del vino albariño. Span J Rural Develop III (Sp1): 29-40.

Cancela JJ, Fandiño M, Rey BJ, Martínez EM, 2015. Automatic irrigation system based on dual crop coefficient, soil and plant water status for Vitis vinifera (cv Godello and cv Mencía). Agric Water Manage 151: 52-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2014.10.020

Carbonneau A, Deloire A, Costanza P, 2004. Le potentiel hydrique foliare: sens des différentes modalités de mesure. J Int Sci Vigne Vin 38: 15-19.

Centeno A, Baeza P, Lissarrague JR, 2010. Relationship between soil and plant water status in wine grapes under various water deficit regimes. HortTech 20(3): 585-593.

Chacón JL, Gracía E, Martínez J, Romero R, Gómez S, 2009. Impact of the vine water status on the berry and seed phenolic composition of 'Merlot' (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivated in a warm climate: Consequence for the style of wine. Vitis 48(1): 7-9.

Choné X, van Leeuwen C, Dubourdieu D, Gaudilleres JP, 2001. Stem water potential is a sensitive indicator of grapevines water status. Ann Bot 87: 477-483. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbo.2000.1361

Ciotta MN, Ceretta CA, Tagliavini M, Zanotelli D, Moser D, Nava G, Porro D, Brunetto G, 2015. Leaf water potential, nutritional status and must composition in grapes 'Pinot Nero' with and without irrigation. Cienc Rural 45(8): 1408-1411. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20141225

Conradie WJ, Myburgh PA, 2000. Fertigation of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Bukettraube/110 Richter on a sandy soil. S Afr J Enol Vitic 21: 40-47.

Cruz R, Lago A, Lage A, Rial ME, Diaz-Fierros F, Salsón S, 2009. Evolución recente do clima de Galicia. Tendencias observadas nas variables meteorolóxicas. In: Evidencias e impactos do cambio climático en Galicia. pp: 19-59.Xunta de Galicia, Consellería de Medio Ambiente e Desenvolvemento Sostible.

Dayer S, Peña JP, Prieto J, Galat E, Pulitti F, 2012. Evaluación de la sostenibilidad del riego deficitario controlado y manejo de la carga en vid (Vitis vinifera L.) cv. Malbec. Jornadas de Actualización en Riego y Fertirriego, Nov.7-9, Chacras de Coria, Mendoza. Argentina. http://www.riegoyfertirriego.com.ar/VI_Jornadas/PresentacionesJARF6/01_Documentos_PDF/13_Dayer.pdf.

De La Hera ML, Romero P, Gómez-Plaza E, Martínez A, 2007. Is partial root-zone drying an effective irrigation technique to improve water use efficiency and fruit quality in field-grown wine grapes under semiarid conditions? Agr Water Manage 87: 261-274. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2006.08.001

Deloire A, Carbonneau A, Wang Z, Ojeda H, 2004. Vine and water: A short review. J Int Sci Vin 38(1): 1-13.

De Souza CR, Maroco JP, dos Santos TP, Rodriguez ML, Lopes CM, Pereira JS, Chaves M, 2005. Impact of deficit irrigation on water use efficiency and carbono isotope composition (δ13C) of field-grown grapevines under Mediterranean climate. J Exp Bot 56(418): 2163-2172. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eri216

Fandiño M, Cancela JJ, Rey BJ, Martínez EM, Rosa RG, Pereira LS, 2012. Using the dual-Kc approach to model evapotranspiration of Albariño vineyards (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Albariño) with consideration of active ground cover. Agric Water Manage 112: 75-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2012.06.008

Fandiño M, Martínez EM, Rey BJ, Cancela JJ, 2013. Efectos de los sistemas de riego en la variedad Albariño: coeficientes de cultivo simples y estrés hídrico. Span J Rural Develop 4 (Spec. 2): 43-54.

FAO, 1998. World reference base for soil resources. FAO, Rome.

Ferreyra R, Selles G, Maldonado P, Celedón A, Gil P, 2007. Efecto del clima, de las características de la hoja y de la metodología de medición en el potencial hídrico xilemático en palto (Persea americana Mill.). Agricultura Técnica (Chile) 67(2): 182-188. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0365-28072007000200008

García-Tejero I, Romero-Vicente R, Jiménez-Bocanegra JÁ, Martínez-García G, Durán-Zuato VH, Muriel-Fernández JL, 2010. Response of citrus trees to deficit irrigation during diferent phenological periods in relation to yield, fruit quality, and water productivity. Agric Water Manag 97: 689-699. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2009.12.012

Gee GW, Campbell MD, Campbell GS, Campbell JH, 1992. Rapid measurement of low soil water potentials using a water activity meter. Soil Sci Soc Am J 56: 1068-1070. http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1992.03615995005600040010x

Ginestar C, Eastham J, Gray S, Iland P, 1998a. Use of sap-flow sensors to schedule vineyard irrigation. I. Effects of post-veraison water deficits on water relations, vine growth, and yield of Shiraz grapevines. Am J Enol Vit 49: 413-420.

Ginestar C, Eastham J, Gray S, Iland P, 1998b. Use of sap-flow sensors to schedule vineyard irrigation. II. Effects of post-veraison water deficits on composition of Shiraz grapevines. Am J Enol Vit 49: 421-428.

Girona J, Mata M, del Campo J, Arbonés A, Bartra E, Marsal J, 2006. The use of midday leaf water potential for scheduling deficit irrigation in vineyards. Irrig Sci 24: 115-127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00271-005-0015-7

Horacio-García J, Díaz-Fierros F, 2009. A viticultura. In: Evidencias e impactos do cambio climático en Galicia. pp: 131-138. Xunta de Galicia, Consellería de Medio Ambiente e Desenvolvemento Sostible (Spain).

Howell CL, Conradie WJ, 2013. Comparison of three different fertigation strategies for drip irrigated table grapes-Part II. Soil and grapevine nutrient status. S Afr J Enol Vitic 34(1): 10-20.

Intrigliolo DS, Castel JR, 2010. Response of grapevine cv. 'Tempranillo' to timing and amount of irrigation: water relations, vine growth, yield and berry and wine composition. Irrig Sci 28:113-125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00271-009-0164-1

Islam MT, Berrios JG, 2012. Physiological behaviour sand recovery responses of four Galician grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivars under water stress. J Stress Physiol Biochem 8(4): 302-321.

Linares R, Baeza P, Lissarrague JR, 2007. Potencial hídrico foliar. In: Fundamentos, aplicación y consecuencias del riego en la vid; Baeza P, Lissarrague JR, Sanchez P, (eds). pp: 35-45. Agrícola Española S.A., Madrid.

Lissarrague JR, Baeza P, Sanchez P, Girona J, 2007. Estrategias de gestión del riego en viñedos de vinificación. In: Fundamentos, aplicación y consecuencias del riego en la vid; Baeza P, Lissarrague JR, Sanchez P, (eds). pp: 49-82. Agrícola Española S.A., Madrid.

Martínez EM, Cancela JJ, 2009. Calibración de un medidor de actividad de agua: Punto de marchitamiento permanente. V Congreso Nacional y II Congreso Ibérico AgroIngeniería, Lugo (Spain), Sept 28-30. pp: 237-238.

Martínez J, Romero R, Chacón JL, 2007. Efectos del rigor del déficit hídrico de las plantas sobre el peso unitario de la uva madura en cv. Merlot. XI Congreso SECH, Albacete. Actas Horticultura 48: 150-153.

Martínez EM, Cancela JJ, Cuesta TS, Neira XX, 2011a. Review. Use of psychrometers in field measurements of plant material: accuracy and handling difficulties. Span J Agric Res 9(1): 313-328. http://dx.doi.org/10.5424/sjar/20110901-295-10

Martínez EM, Fandiño M, Rey BJ, Cancela JJ, 2011b. Water activity meters: una alternativa en la determinación del estrés hídrico en viñedo. Revista Interempresas Vitivinícola 8 (855): 20-25. http://www.interempresas.net/Vitivinicola/Articulos/55545

Martínez EM, Fandiño M, Cancela JJ, Rey BJ, 2012a. Evaluación del estrés del cv. Albariño en la DO Rías Baixas. Revista Interempresas Vitivinícola. http://www.interempresas.net/Vitivinicola/Articulos/103889-Evaluacion-del-estres-del-cv-Albarino-en-la-DO-Rias-Baixas.html.

Martínez EM, Fandiño M, Rey BJ, Cancela JJ, 2012b. Las Denominaciones de Origen a examen: Evaluación del estado hídrico de los viñedos en el Noroeste de España. Revista Interempresas Vitivinícola 916:50-58.

Martínez EM, Cancela JJ, Fandiño M, Rey BJ, 2013a. Dinámica diaria del potencial hídrico foliar en Vitis vinifera cv. "Albariño": Evaluación de la influencia de las condiciones meteorológicas y el sistema de riego. XXXII Congreso Nacional de Riegos, Madrid, June 10-12.

Martínez EM, Rey BJ, Fandiño M, Cancela JJ, 2013b. Comparison of two techniques for measuring leaf water potential in Vitis vinifera var. Albariño. Cienc Tec Vitivinic. 28(1): 29-41.

Mirás-Avalos JM, Trigo-Córdoba E, Bouzas-Cid Y, Díaz-Losada E, Orriols-Fernández I, 2013. Relación entre humedad del suelo y estado hídrico de Albariño bajo condiciones de riego y secano. Proc XI Jornadas de Investigación de la Zona no Saturada del Suelo; Dafonte et al. (eds.). Lugo, Spain. http://www.zonanosaturada.com/zns13/publications_files/2.2.pdf.

Mirás-Avalos JM, Trigo-Córdoba E, Bouzas-Cid Y, 2014. Does predawn water potential discern between irrigation treatments in Galician white grapevines cultivars? J Int Sci Vigne Vin 48: 123-127.

Myers BJ, 1988. Water stress integral-a link between short-term stress and long-term growth. Tree Physiol 4: 315-323. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/4.4.315

Peel MC, Finlayson BL, McMahon TA, 2007. Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Hydrol Earth Syst Sc 11: 1633-1644. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007

Salazar DM, Melgarejo P, 2005. Viticultura. Técnicas de cultivo de la vid, calidad de la uva y atributos de los vinos. AMV Ediciones and Mundi-Prensa, Madrid. 325 pp.

Salón JL, Chirivella C, Castel JR, 2005. Response of cv. Bobal to timing of deficit irrigation in Requena, Spain: water relations, yield, and wine quality. Am J Enol Vitic 56(1): 1-8.

Santesteban LG, Royo JB, 2006. Water status, leaf area and fruit load influence on berry weight and sugar accumulation of cv. 'Tempranillo' under semiarid conditions. Sci Hort 109: 60-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2006.03.003

Scholander PF, Hammel HT, Bradstreet ED, Hemmingsen EA, 1965. Sap pressure in vascular plants. Science 148: 339-434. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.148.3668.339

Sharma J, Upadhyay AK, Shikhamany SD, Singh RK, 2008. Effect of fertilizer application through irrigation water on Thompson Seedless grape yield and fertilizer use efficiency. Acta Hort 785: 399-408. http://dx.doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.785.51

Shellie K, 2006. Vine and berry response of Merlot (Vitis vinifera L.) to differential water stress. Am J Enol Vitic 57(4): 514-518.

Smart D, Schwass E, Lakso A, Morano L, 2006. Grapevine rooting patterns: a comprehensive analysis and a review. Am J Enol Vitic 57(1): 89-104.

Souto FJ, Dafonte J, Escariz M, 2008. Design and air-water calibration of a waveguide connector for TDR measurements of soil electric permittivity in stony soils. Biosyst Eng 101(4): 463-471. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2008.09.015

Thomaj F, Kullaj E, Peçi E, 2012. Effects of localised irrigation and fertigation on vegetative and reproductive growth of 'Merlot'. 7th Int Symp on Irrigation of Horticultural Crops, Geisenheim (Germany), July 16-20. Poster.

Topp GC, Davis JL, Annan AP, 1980. Electromagnetic determination of soil water content: measurement in coaxial transmission lines. Water Resour Res 16 (3): 574-582. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/WR016i003p00574

Trigo-Córdoba E, Bouzas-Cid Y, Orriols-Fernández I, Mirás-Avalos JM, 2015. Effects of deficit irrigation on the performance of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) cv. 'Godello' and 'Treixadura' in Ribeiro, NW Spain. Agr Water Manage 161: 20-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2015.07.011

van Leeuwen C, Tregoat O, Choné X, Bois B, Pernet D, Gaudillère JP, 2009. Vine water status is a key factor in grapevine ripening and vintage quality for red Bordeaux wine. How can it be assessed for vineyard management purposes? J Int Sci Vigne Vin 43(3): 121-134.

van Zyl JL, 1987. Diurnal variation in grapevine water stress as a function of changing soil water status and meteorological conditions. S Afr Enol Vitic 8(2): 45-52.

Williams LE, Araujo FJ, 2002. Correlations among predawn leaf, midday leaf, and midday stem water potential and their correlations with other measures of soil and plant water status in Vitis vinifera. J Am Hort Sci 127(3): 448-454.

Williams LE, Trout TJ, 2005. Relationships among vine- and soil-based measures of water status in Thompson seedless vineyard in response to high-frequency drip irrigation. Am J Enol Vitc 56(4): 357-366.

Yuste J, Gutierrez I, Rubio JA, Alburquerque MV, 2004. Résponse des potentiels hydriques de la feuille et du xylèm comme indicateurs de l'état hydrique de la vigne, cépage Tempranillo, soumis à différents régimes hydriques dans la Vallé du Douro. J Int Sci Vigne Vin 38(1): 21-26.

Published
2016-03-02
How to Cite
MartínezE. M., ReyB. J., FandiñoM., & CancelaJ. J. (2016). Impact of water stress and nutrition on Vitis vinifera cv. ‘Albariño’: Soil-plant water relationships, cumulative effects and productivity. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 14(1), e1202. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2016141-7534
Section
Water management