Culinary and sensory traits diversity in the Spanish Core Collection of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

  • Ana Rivera Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Escola Superior de Agricultura de Barcelona, Dept. d’Enginyeria Agroalimentària i Biotecnologia/ Fundació Miquel Agustí, Campus del Baix Llobregat. Esteve Terrades 8, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8359-9589
  • Pedro A. Casquero University of León, Natural Resources Institute, Dept. of Agrarian Engineering and Sciences, Av. Portugal 41, 24071 León http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4432-9794
  • Sara Mayo University of León, Natural Resources Institute, Dept. of Agrarian Engineering and Sciences, Av. Portugal 41, 24071 León http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8291-680X
  • Antonio Almirall Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Escola Superior de Agricultura de Barcelona, Dept. d’Enginyeria Agroalimentària i Biotecnologia/ Fundació Miquel Agustí, Campus del Baix Llobregat. Esteve Terrades 8, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5567-8957
  • Marçal Plans Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Escola Superior de Agricultura de Barcelona, Dept. d’Enginyeria Agroalimentària i Biotecnologia/ Fundació Miquel Agustí, Campus del Baix Llobregat. Esteve Terrades 8, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9894-2626
  • Joan Simó Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Escola Superior de Agricultura de Barcelona, Dept. d’Enginyeria Agroalimentària i Biotecnologia/ Fundació Miquel Agustí, Campus del Baix Llobregat. Esteve Terrades 8, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2853-3381
  • Roser Romero-del-Castillo Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Escola Superior de Agricultura de Barcelona, Dept. d’Enginyeria Agroalimentària i Biotecnologia/ Fundació Miquel Agustí, Campus del Baix Llobregat. Esteve Terrades 8, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4894-118X
  • Francesc Casañas Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Escola Superior de Agricultura de Barcelona, Dept. d’Enginyeria Agroalimentària i Biotecnologia/ Fundació Miquel Agustí, Campus del Baix Llobregat. Esteve Terrades 8, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1474-3094
Keywords: Genetic Resources, Spanish core collection, variability for sensory and culinary traits, region of domestication

Abstract

The Spanish National Plant Genetic Resource Center’s core collection of bean germplasm includes 202 accessions selected from more than 3000 accessions in function of passport data, seed phenotype, genetic background, and agronomic traits. To acquire more useful information about these accessions, we cultivated and characterized them for sensory and culinary traits. We found considerable variation for culinary and sensory traits of the cooked beans (mean coefficients of variation: 41% for the sensory traits and 40% for the culinary traits). The large dataset enabled us to study correlations between sensory and culinary traits and among these traits and geographic origin, seed color, and growth habit. Greater proportion of white in the seed coat correlated positively with brightness and negatively with mealiness (r=0.60, r=-0.60, p<0.001, respectively). Mealiness correlated negatively with seed-coat roughness and rate of water absorption (r=-0.60, r=-0.53, p<0.001, respectively). Materials of Andean origin had lower seed-coat brightness (p<0.01) and seed-coat roughness, and greater seed-coat perceptibility, mealiness, flavor, and aroma (p<0.001) than materials of Mesoamerican origin. Growth habit failed to correlate with culinary or sensory traits. Breeders can benefit from the information about this core collection available at www.crf.inia.es/crfesp/paginaprincipaljudia.asp.

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Published
2016-03-02
How to Cite
RiveraA., CasqueroP. A., MayoS., AlmirallA., PlansM., SimóJ., Romero-del-CastilloR., & CasañasF. (2016). Culinary and sensory traits diversity in the Spanish Core Collection of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 14(1), e0701. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2016141-7726
Section
Plant breeding, genetics and genetic resources