Inhibitory effects of salicylic acid on Meloidogyne javanica reproduction in tomato plants

  • Fatemeh Moslemi University of Shahid Beheshti, Faculty of Biological Sciences. Tehran
  • Seddigheh Fatemy Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Nematology Dept. P.O. Box 1454-19395, Tehran
  • Françoise Bernard University of Shahid Beheshti, Faculty of Biological Sciences. Tehran
Keywords: induced resistance, seed priming, soil drench, root-knot nematode

Abstract

Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.), play a major role in loss of agricultural production. Natural substances, such as salicylic acid (SA) could possibly be involved in inducing host plant resistance against nematodes. The present study is concerned with exploring the effects of varying concentrations of SA as seed priming and soil drench on tomato growth parameters and the reproduction of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica. SA at 50 μM concentration caused only 2% of juvenile mortality under in vitro conditions. SA applied as 50 μM seed treatment caused 95% and, as a soil drench, 78% reduction in the number of egg masses that formed on tomato plants. The numbers of galls were reduced to a lesser extent. Final nematode density per gram of soil was reduced to less than 1 by the 50 μM SA seed treatment, and in other treatments decreased by between 70 and 88% compared with control plants. Our results indicate SA has potential to lower root knot nematode reproduction in tomato, and seed priming is a fairly easy method to work with.

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Published
2016-03-02
How to Cite
MoslemiF., FatemyS., & BernardF. (2016). Inhibitory effects of salicylic acid on Meloidogyne javanica reproduction in tomato plants. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 14(1), e1001. https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2016141-8706
Section
Plant protection